Cytotoxic triterpenes with diverse skeletons from Amoora tsangii

Publication date: March 2016 Source:Phytochemistry Letters, Volume 15 Author(s): Yan-Yan Ma, Deng-Gao Zhao, Ya Li, Jian-Jun Chen, Jun Zeng, Qian-Qian Zhao, Kun Gao Two new 29-nor-cycloartane triterpenes, amooratsanols A and B (1, 2) along with nine known compounds including two 29-nor-cycloartane triterpenes (3, 9), two lupane triterpenes (4, 5), two cycloartane triterpenes (6, 10), two dammarane triterpenes (7, 8), as well as one dinorcycloartane triterpene (11) were isolated from the leaves and twigs of Amoora tsangii (Merr.) X. M. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods (IR, HRESIMS, and NMR). The cytotoxicity of 1–11 was evaluated against the human fibro sarcoma HT1080, esophageal cancer TE, and non-small cell lung cancer A549 cell lines by the CCK8 assay. Cycloartanes (1–3, 6, and 9–11) displayed significant cytotoxic activity with IC50 values ranging from 2.56 to 19.05μM. Among these triterpenes, mooratsanol A (1) showed the most potent cytotoxic activity, with IC50 values ranging from 2.56 to 5.10μM. Graphical abstract
Source: Phytochemistry Letters - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

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