Phase II study of amrubicin (SM-5887), a synthetic 9-aminoanthracycline, as first line treatment in patients with metastatic or unresectable soft tissue sarcoma: durable response in myxoid liposarcoma with TLS-CHOP translocation

Conclusions Amrubicin has efficacy comparable to doxorubicin in adult STS, is well tolerated and has no significant cardiac toxicity up to a cumulative dose of 4800 mg /m2. Topoisomerase II inhibition with amrubicin warrants further study as a potential ‘targeted therapy’ for TLS-CHOP-translocated myxoid liposarcoma. Results from this trial favor the use of amrubicin for the treatment of STS.
Source: Investigational New Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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In this study, the effect of pH (3–8), ionic strength (I, 0.01–1 M), protein particle concentration (C, 0.5%–2%), and dispersed phase volume fraction (Φ, 0.25–0.8) on the efficacy of hordein-based colloidal nanoparticles in the stabilization of Pickering structures was investigated. Colloidal particles were synthesized via anti-solvent method. Depending on pH and I, the average size and zeta-potential of hordein particles ranged from 425 to around 4000 nm, and +27.5 to −15.63 mV, respectively. The intense aggregation of particles at pH close to isoelectric point and also at hig...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Qin Li, Shitao Tang, Fayez Khalaf Mourad, Wenjie Zou, Lizhi Lu, Zhaoxia CaiAbstractEgg yolk granules (EYG) are natural and unique protein-lipid complexes, but their application in the food industry is limited because of their poor solubility and emulsifying properties. In this paper, the structural characteristics, emulsifying properties and interfacial adsorption were compared between the untreated granules (UG) and the enzymatically hydrolyzed granules (EG) (treated with subtilisin). EG-stabilized emulsion did not form cream at 0.2%&n...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Cong Li, Juzhuan Yang, Lu Yao, Fangling Qin, Guofeng Hou, Bang Chen, Lihua Jin, Jianjun Deng, Yehua ShenAbstractAmygdalus pedunculata Pall is a kind of desert woody oil plant, and its seeds are high in protein. The protein of Amygdalus pedunculata Pall (API) was identified by SDS-PAGE, 2D-DE and MS. More than 300 proteins were identified. The improved solubility, emulsifying properties and foaming properties of API were observed in a pH range of 2.0-12.0 and a sodium chloride concentration of 0-1.0 M. The results showed that API had a good ...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
The objective of this paper is to synthesise current knowledge on ALK rearrangement and its impact on the management of advanced NSCLC. Several inhibitors of the tyrosine kinase of ALK (crizotinib, ceritinib, alectinib) have been approved as first line therapies in patients with advanced ALK positive NSCLC, which are associated with a better median progression-free survival than conventional chemotherapy. Unfortunately, the emergence of drug resistance leads to tumor progression. In patients with oligoprogressive disease if local ablative therapy can be effected, continuing with the same ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor is on...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Biotechnology ReportsAuthor(s): Pradeep Kumar, Balwant Singh, Vikram Thakur, Abhishek Thakur, Nandita Thakur, Deepak Pandey, Duni ChandAbstractTaxol® (generic name Paclitaxel) is a chemotherapeutic drug, effective against head, neck, breast, lung, bladder, ovary, and cervix cancers. Rising demands in chemotherapy and limited supply of natural taxol have ultimately increased the cost of the drug. Semi synthesis using taxol precursors is not able to meet the global supply and has intensified the need to find alternative ways of taxol production. In the present st...
Source: Biotechnology Reports - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Authors: Yang JD, Ma L, Zhu Z Abstract We assessed the expression of Serpin Family E Member 1 (SERPINE1) and its prognostic values in gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) by using the data from TCGA database. The biological functions of SERPINE1 in GAC cells were detected by cell counting Kit-8, colony-forming, Transwell, and wound-healing assays, appropriately. Relative mRNA and protein levels were detected by RT-qPCR and western blot. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that SERPINE1 was significantly up-regulated in GAC tissues compared to normal tissues. High SERPINE1 expression led to a short overall survival and could ...
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research
Authors: Grothey A, Marshall JL, Bekaii-Saab T Abstract The standard treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in the first- and second-line setting is generally chemotherapy, which can be augmented with vascular endothelial growth factor-targeted therapies and, for patients with KRAS wild-type status, epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapies. However, nearly all patients ultimately develop disease progression and require later lines of therapy. Traditionally, physicians recycled chemotherapy in the later lines, with many patients showing diminished or no response. However, the past...
Source: Clinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clin Adv Hematol Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Kopmar NE, Estey EH Abstract We are witnessing an unprecedented paradigm shift in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). For nearly 4 decades-since the introduction of cytarabine- and anthracycline-based induction chemotherapy in the 1970s-treatment options for patients with AML have remained limited, and outcomes remain poor for the majority of patients, particularly the elderly. Over the past 10 to 15 years, we have better elucidated the genetic and molecular basis of AML, which has led to our current understanding of disease heterogeneity. We now appreciate that numerous distinct disease subtype...
Source: Clinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clin Adv Hematol Oncol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Ludovica Mascolo, Dirk BaldAbstractThe branched respiratory chain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has attracted attention as a highly promising target for next-generation antibacterials. This system includes two terminal oxidases of which the exclusively bacterial cytochrome bd represents the less energy-efficient one. Albeit dispensable for growth under standard laboratory conditions, cytochrome bd is important during environmental stress. In this review, we discuss the role of cytochrome bd during infection of ...
Source: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn skeletal muscle, GSK-3β inactivation causes dephosphorylation and nuclear translocation of TFEB resulting in TFEB-dependent induction of Pgc-1α expression.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Cell Research - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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