Anaesthesia for specialist surgery in infancy

Abstract: Common indications for neonatal surgery include inguinal hernias and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Less common conditions that have major implications for anaesthesia include tracheoesophageal fistula, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, exomphalos, gastroschisis and congenital lobar emphysema. The anaesthetic management of these conditions is outlined in this article.
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Neonatal anaesthesia Source Type: research

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This study indicates that delay in the intestinal transit in late phase of surgically induced POI involves an ET-dependent mechanism. PMID: 31527357 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Smooth Muscle Research - Category: Research Tags: J Smooth Muscle Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and DevelopmentAuthor(s): N. Gorlé, R.E. VandenbrouckeAbstractAlzheimer’s disease was first described over 100 years ago, yet it remains incurable and affects 44 million people worldwide. Traditionally, research has largely focused on the amyloid cascade hypothesis, but interest in the importance of inflammation in the progression of the disease has recently been increasing. Interferons, a large family of cytokines that trigger the immune system, are believed to play a crucial role in the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease. Th...
Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
In this study we evaluate macroporous scaffolds made of alginate-chitosan polyelectrolyte complexes (PEC) as tools to optimize the results of soft tissues cell therapy. Cell therapy using mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) has become attractive for tissue repair and regeneration in a number of acute and chronic injuries. Unfortunately their low retention and/or survival after injection limit their beneficial effects. A biomaterial-assisted implantation, providing cells a three-dimensional (3D) microenvironment is a promising strategy. To this purpose, we designed a family of PEC scaffolds, and studied if they could meet the requ...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe use of dexmedetomidine is associated with differentially expressed microRNAs which may be involved in cardioprotection following administration of dexmedetomidine.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Contributors : Sandra Ruiz-Garcia ; Marie Deprez ; K Lebrigand ; A Paquet ; A Cavard ; I Caballero ; M J Arguel ; S Leroy ; C H Marquette ; P Barbry ; L E ZaragosiSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiens ; Mus musculus ; Sus scrofaThe upper airway epithelium is mainly composed of 4 cell types: multiciliated, goblet, secretory and basal cells. It constitutes an efficient first line of defense of the respiratory tract against a large panel of inhaled substances. Upon injury, regeneration of this epithelium through proliferation and differentiation events can restore a proper muc...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Mus musculus Sus scrofa Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: Advances in AnesthesiaAuthor(s): Justin E. Richards, Ron E. Samet, A. Kennedy Koerner, Thomas E. Grissom
Source: Advances in Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The knee joint arthrodesis with the Ilizarov external fixator is a salvage procedure for limb preservation in fulminant knee joint and concomitant soft tissue infections. The advantages lie in the possibility of osteosynthesis in the acute infection and/or chronic osteomyelitis and the direct full load capacity. Disadvantages are long and complicated treatment times in the fixator with limited patient comfort. PMID: 31533167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Unfallchirurgie - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Z Orthop Unfall Source Type: research
Conclusions: Common bile duct clearance by Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography requires multiple procedures and complications are frequent leading to prolonged treatment and hospitalization suggesting a limited efficacy. PMID: 31526285 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 108, Issue 4Author(s): Hengrui Liang, Jun Liu, Shilong Wu, Yaoliang Zhang, Hui Liu, Hanyu Yang, Yi Zhao, Zhexue Hao, Wenhua Liang, Jianxing HeBackgroundNonintubated spontaneous ventilation video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (NI-VATS) has been investigated to reduce the adverse effects of tracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation, and general anesthesia in several thoracic diseases. We comparatively assess the comparison between NI-VATS vs intubated anesthesia VATS (I-VATS) on early outcomes of mediastinal lesion resection.MethodsPatients who u...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 108, Issue 4Author(s): Robert Spiller, Trever Symalla, Mackenzie McCrorey, Husam H. BalkhyRobotic-assisted approaches in cardiac surgery are becoming an increasingly common form of minimally invasive surgery. Recent literature has shown robotic-assisted techniques to be superior to traditional sternotomy in infection rates, bleeding, length of hospital stay, and postoperative quality of life. Although there are growing numbers of centers performing robotic mitral valve (MV) surgery, this approach is usually reserved for first-time MV repair. This ...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
More News: Abdominal Wall Repair | Anesthesia | Anesthesiology | Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia | Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Repair | Congenital Lobar Emphysema | Correction of Pyloric and Duodenal Stenosis | Emphysema | Gastroenterology | Gastroschisis | Gastroschisis Repair | Hernia | Intensive Care | Perinatology & Neonatology | Pyloric Stenosis | Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula