Esophagogastric pathology in morbid obese patient: Preoperative diagnosis, influence in the selection of surgical technique.

CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of gastroesophageal disease through preoperative FGS motivated variations in the therapeutic approach in 52% of patients, so we consider essential to include the preoperative FGS in bariatric surgery. PMID: 26140632 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical AnalysisAuthor(s): Max Sauter, Philipp Uhl, Jürgen Burhenne, Walter E. HaefeliAbstractExenatide is the first approved glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist subcutaneously or intramuscularly injected for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Typical therapeutic plasma concentrations are in the low pg/mL range therefore requiring ultra-sensitive quantification. To enable the accurate evaluation of pharmacokinetic studies, we established a UPLC-MS/MS assay with a lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of 5 pg/mL (1.2 pM) using 20...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Taken together, these results suggest that SXD maybe alleviate EMT in DN via the inhibition of the TGF-β1/Smad/RUNX3 signaling pathway under hyperglycemic conditions.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Di Lullo L, Bellasi A, Guastamacchia E, Triggiani V, Ronco C, Lavalle C, Di Iorio BR, Russo D, Cianciolo G, La Manna G, Settembrini S Abstract Diabetes mellitus, with its complications, is one of the major health problems in economically developed countries and its prevalence is constantly increasing. Kidneys and heart involvement represent main comorbidities in diabetic patients often leading to organ's failure. The treatments available until a few years ago are often associated with hypoglycemia, weight gain, gastro-intestinal disorders and other side effects together with serious averse effects on renal...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Authors: De Vecchis R, Paccone A, Di Maio M Abstract BACKGROUND: The MacNew questionnaire in its original version is a diagnostic tool which consists of a number of questions answered on a seven-point scale. Among the multiple possible choices, each marked by a box, the examined patient will have to tick only one. In fact, more than one answer for each proposed question is not allowed, for the formulation of the final score. Global and subscale( physical, social and emotional subscales) scores are computed by dividing the sum of the scores achieved for each individual item by the number of items listed in the quest...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Not all interventional procedures result in a mortality benefit. Medical therapy alone increases survival in many cardiac diseases. PMID: 32083425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Authors: Caixàs A, Villaró M, Arraiza C, Montalvá JC, Lecube A, Fernández-García JM, Corio R, Bellido D, Llisterri JL, Tinahones FJ Abstract The high prevalence of obesity in our environment, a chronic disease of complex management and responsible for multiple comorbidities, requires the implementation of coordination strategies in clinical care between primary care and specialist hospital units. In a cross-sectional care model, primary care physicians guide all therapeutic management related to obesity. Together with them, specialists in endocrinology and nutrition and other heal...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology JournalAuthor(s): Abhijit Dasgupta, Gautam K. Bandyopadhyay, Indrani Ray, Keya Bandyopadhyay, Nirmalya Chowdhury, Rajat K. De, Sushil K. MahataAbstractObesity is characterized by a state of chronic, unresolved inflammation in insulin-targeted tissues. Obesity-induced inflammation causes accumulation of proinflammatory macrophages in adipose tissue and liver. Proinflammatory cytokines released from tissue macrophages inhibits insulin sensitivity. Obesity also leads to inflammation-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress a...
Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 May 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1208Author(s): M.S. Ganesan, K. Kanmani Raja, K. Narasimhan, S. Murugesan, Banoth Karan KumarAbstractα-amylase enzyme hydrolyses carbohydrate into glucose is known to be an important molecular target for type 2 Diabetes mellitus. In the course of developing α-amylase enzyme inhibitors, we designed, synthesized seventeen novel quinoline bearing proline analogs, subsequently physico-chemical properties of designed analogs were also in silico predicted for their drug likeness evaluation. Synthesized compounds were characterized by spectral...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Nuotio J, Suvila K, Cheng S, Langén V, Niiranen T Abstract Observational and interventional studies have unequivocally demonstrated that "present", i.e. single-occasion, blood pressure is one of the key determinants of cardiovascular disease risk. Over the past two decades, however, numerous publications have suggested that longitudinal blood pressure data and assessment of long-term blood pressure exposure provide incremental prognostic value over present blood pressure. These studies have used several different indices to quantify the overall exposure to blood pressure, such as time-aver...
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
In this study, we will investigate the therapeutic effects of berberine (BBR) in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) induced chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). Furthermore, potential mechanisms of BBR in regulating IRF8-IFN-γ signaling axis will also be investigated.Materials and methodsH. pylori were utilized to establish CAG model of rats. Therapeutic effects of BBR on serum supernatant indices, and histopathology of stomach were analyzed in vivo. Moreover, GES-1 cells were infected by H. pylori, and intervened with BBR in vitro. Cell viability, morphology, proliferation, and quantitative analysis were detected by high-...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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