Objective and subjective sleep disorders in automated peritoneal dialysis

Conclusions Despite differences in univariate analyses, after multivariate adjustment, APD patients had similar sleep parameters and sleep architecture and as poor SQ and symptoms of depression as HD patients. Future studies with larger APD cohorts are needed.
Source: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Publication date: September 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 5Author(s): Salem Almaani, Samir V. ParikhMembranous lupus nephritis (MLN) (Class V lupus nephritis [LN]) is a distinct form of LN defined by the presence of subepithelial immune complex deposits seen on kidney biopsy. MLN is often associated with the nephrotic syndrome. The histology of MLN closely resembles that of idiopathic (primary) membranous nephropathy (pMN). However, MLN typically has abundant mesangial deposits that are absent in primary membranous nephropathy. The clinical presentation, management, and prognosis of MLN d...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 5Author(s): Latisha Heinlen, Eliza F. ChakravartyLupus nephritis is the most common organ-threatening manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, affecting more than one-third of patients. Induction of remission and maintenance of relapse-free disease have been and continue to be a critical focus of investigation. Because the need for renal replacement therapy in those with an insufficient response to therapy is associated with significantly increased morbidity and mortality, providers and patients are willing to accept moderate...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 5Author(s): Elizabeth S. Kotzen, Sanjeet Roy, Koyal JainAntiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and other causes of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) negatively impact the renal outcomes of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and lupus nephritis. Here we review the diagnosis and management of occlusive renal vascular lesions due to APS and other TMAs, with a focus on patients with SLE and lupus nephritis. The presence of a thrombotic event, unexplained hypertension, thrombocytopenia, or hemolytic anemia should prompt considerat...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 5Author(s): Nestor Oliva-Damaso, Juan Payan, Elena Oliva-Damaso, Teresa Pereda, Andrew S. BombackIn systemic lupus erythematosus, nephrotic-range proteinuria typically signals the presence of a proliferative lupus nephritis (class III/IV) and/or membranous lupus nephritis (class V, with or without concomitant class III or IV lesions). However, in rare instances, systemic lupus erythematosus patients with nephrotic syndrome have kidney biopsy findings of normal glomeruli or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis lesions, with or without...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 5Author(s): Isabelle Ayoub, Clarissa Cassol, Salem Almaani, Brad Rovin, Samir V. ParikhThe kidney biopsy advanced our understanding of kidney disease in systemic lupus erythematosus. It allowed for better recognition and classification of lupus nephritis (LN). Several LN classifications have been devised in an effort to inform treatment decision and predict prognosis, and these are being further updated. In this review, we will examine the role of diagnostic as well as repeat kidney biopsy in the management of LN, including the pot...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 August 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): David A. Drew, Daniel E. Weiner, Mark J. SarnakPatients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at substantially higher risk for developing cognitive impairment compared with the general population, and both lower glomerular filtration rate and the presence of albuminuria are associated with the development of cognitive impairment and poorer cognitive function. Given the excess of vascular disease seen in individuals with CKD, cerebrovascular disease is likely the predominant pathology underlying these associations, though i...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The evidence base for improving sleep quality and related outcomes for adults and children with CKD is sparse. Relaxation techniques and exercise had uncertain effects on sleep outcomes. Acupressure may improve sleep latency and duration, although these findings are based on few studies. The effects of acupressure were not confirmed in studies in which sham acupressure was used as the control. Given the very low certainly evidence, future research will very likely change the evidence base. Based on the importance of symptom management to patients, caregivers and clinicians, future studies of sleep intervention...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
The link between age-related kidney dysfunction and cognitive impairment is an interesting one, particularly in the context of research into klotho, which has functions in both the kidney and the brain, and has been shown to extend life and improve cognitive function in animal studies. It isn't completely clear as to which of these areas of the body is most important to the noted benefits to cognitive function in animal models, produced via various strategies for klotho overexpression. The most recent research on this topic tends to suggest that the mechanisms are indirect, involving many organ systems, rather than being a...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsOur results provide evidence that PROMIS-57 and PROMIS-29 are highly reliable and valid instruments among kidney transplant recipients. We propose it as a valuable tool to assess important domains of the illness experience.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
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