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John Hopkins University find rise in number of young people abusing ADHD drug

Scientists at Johns Hopkins University warned emergency room visits relating to Adderall jumped 156 per cent while use without a prescription rose 67 per cent in six years - with those aged 18 to 25 at greatest risk.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 15 December 2017 Source:Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Author(s): Amy L. Byrd, Samuel W. Hawes, Jeffrey D. Burke, Rolf Loeber, Dustin A. Pardini Abnormalities in reward and punishment processing are implicated in the development of conduct problems (CP), particularly among youth with callous-unemotional (CU) traits. However, no studies have examined whether CP children with high versus low CU traits exhibit differences in the neural response to reward and punishment. A clinic-referred sample of CP boys with high versus low CU traits (ages 8-11; n = 37) and healthy controls (HC;...
Source: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Interventions:   Drug: CX717 200 mg;   Drug: CX717 800 mg;   Drug: Placebo Sponsor:   RespireRx Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Astudy published this week inPediatrics suggests that children whose fathers took selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) before the children were conceived may be more likely to develop attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than those whose fathers did not take SSRIs. However, the study authors cautioned that this increased risk may be due in part to the fathers ’ underlying mental health disorder related to their SSRI use.To examine the risk of ADHD in children whose fathers took SSRIs within three months of conception, researchers at the University in Shanghai and Aarhus University Hospital in De...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Craig F. Garfield selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRIs Source Type: research
Authors: Bashiri A, Ghazisaeedi M, Shahmoradi L Abstract Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. This disorder, in addition to its main symptoms, creates significant difficulties in education, social performance, and personal relationships. Given the importance of rehabilitation for these patients to combat the above issues, the use of virtual reality (VR) technology is helpful. The aim of this study was to highlight the opportunities for VR in the rehabilitation of children with ADHD. This narrative review was conducted by searching for articles...
Source: Korean Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Korean J Pediatr Source Type: research
Source: Developmental Neuropsychology - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion It is still unclear whether mindfulness-based intervention is effective for children and adolescence with ADHD due to limited studies available and the limitations of the study design in the reviewed studies. Therefore, more research in the future is required to answer the question.
Source: Hong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Conclusion These findings stress that it is essential to accurately identify motor coordination impairments and the interventions that would consider motor coordination problems related to cognitive abilities and academic achievement in Japanese children with neurodevelopmental disorders.
Source: Hong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
The identification and management of inmates with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) has been insufficiently addressed in the literature. We estimated the proportion of cases with Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Intellectual disability (ID) in prison, their comorbidity, and associations with disruptive behaviours and with psychiatric symptoms. Further, we examined the role of coexisting ND on psychiatric symptoms and attitudes toward violence. All 390 male inmates underwent an assessment that included the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults 2.0, the Autism Quotient, th...
Source: Psychiatry Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe significant association between antidepressant exposure during pregnancy and ADHD in the children can be partially explained by confounding by indication. Given the low number of included studies, further studies with prospective designs that use validated measurement and control for important confounders are needed to verify our findings.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Systematic review Source Type: research
Part of #ExplainAdultADHD.  A campaign to reduce the ignorance, misinformation, and stigma against adults with ADHD. Shame, Guilt. “When I screw up again, when I let someone down again, I feel guilt and shame and I want to cry. I feel guilt and shame that it has happened again and I haven’t fixed the problem. I wish I could just explain, and be believed, and not have it used against me. I wish you knew what I was thinking, what I was trying to do. It looks like I don’t care, but I do. And now I bury these thoughts and try again.” By Shamed.   Please share this post online with the...
Source: Adult ADD Strengths - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Explain Adult ADHD To Non-ADHD Adults Source Type: blogs
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