John Hopkins University find rise in number of young people abusing ADHD drug

Scientists at Johns Hopkins University warned emergency room visits relating to Adderall jumped 156 per cent while use without a prescription rose 67 per cent in six years - with those aged 18 to 25 at greatest risk.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Our hypothesis that greater adherence would correlate positively with better occupational performance was refuted. We speculate that increased adherence levels are indicative of more severe ADHD and thus, accompanied by lower occupational performance. The correlation between increased adherence and improved driving ability could be attributed to the nature of driving professions, which require a high level of concentration. Due to the importance of driving in both military and civilian settings, interventions designed to enhance adherence to treatment for ADHD among drivers could have a broad effect on driving...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Lucchelli JP, Bertschy G Abstract Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is defined by the copresence of two core symptoms: alteration in social communication and repetitive behaviors and/or restricted interests. In ASD children and adults, irritability, self-injurious behavior (SIB), and Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders- (ADHD-) like symptoms are regularly observed. In these situations, pharmacological treatments are sometimes used. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors- (SSRI-) based treatments have been the subject of several publications: case reports and controlled studies, both of which demons...
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research
We present three examples.Gregory, Nettelbeck, and Wilson (2009) demonstrated that initial level of and rate of changes in inspection time might serve as an important biomarker of aging. Briefly, a biomarker for the aging process “is a biological parameter, like blood pressure or visual acuity that measures a basic biological process of ageing and predicts later functional capabilities more effectively than can chronological age . . . a valid biomarker should predict a range of important age-related outcomes including cogn itive functioning, everyday independence and mortality, in that order of salience” (p. 99...
Source: Intelligent Insights on Intelligence Theories and Tests (aka IQ's Corner) - Category: Neuroscience Tags: ADHD Cattell-Horn-Carroll CHC CHC theory executive function Gs Gt Source Type: blogs
A 9-year-old boy with primary myoclonus dystonia with comorbid severe attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) also had sleep onset and maintenance insomnia. Polysomnography showed features of non-rapid eye movement parasomnia. Daily bedtime clonidine helped sleep and hyperactivity. ADHD symptoms improved with 40 mg daily lisdexamphetamine mesylate. As the myoclonus and dystonia symptoms progressed, clonazepam was initiated at a dose of 0.5 mg daily at bedtime. It was anticipated that clonazepam would also improve parasomnia. Concomitant with the initiation of clonazepam, he developed a sleep-related eating disorder (...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
In this study, we hypothesized that there are significant differences in the developmental patterns of local and global brain activities between ADHD and typically developing (TD) individuals. Three voxel-based measurements and the functional connectivity (FC) of the brain networks were extracted from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of both ADHD and TD participants 7 –16 years of age. The topological properties of brain networks in both groups were also analyzed, including hubs, hemispheric symmetry, together with local and global efficiency. The results showed, from the local perspective, ...
Source: Developmental Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Research on symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in medical students is rather scant. Studying the disorder in this population, especially its associations with positive psychological co...
Source: BMC Medical Education - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study demonstrates that genetic factors underlying the developmental course of inattention symptoms across childhood and adolescence also influence academic achievement. This may result from indirect mechanism, whereby genetic factors explain s ystematic changes in inattention levels with age, which in turn impact academic achievement. The shared genetic aetiology may also suggest common neurobiological processes underlying both the developmental course of inattention symptoms and academic achievement.
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
(MedPage Today) -- Anxiety and depression scores higher in players with ADHD up to 6 months later
Source: MedPage Today Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: news
Young athletes who have ADHD may be more likely to have symptoms of depression and anxiety after a concussion, new research shows.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Head-hits are known to increase the risk of mental health issues and disorders like CTE which causes dementia. But a new South Carolina study shows that risk goes up in athletes with ADHD.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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