Diabetes drug may prevent recurring strokes

Pioglitazone, a drug used for type 2 diabetes, may prevent recurrent stroke and heart attacks in people with insulin resistance but without diabetes. The results of the Insulin Resistance Intervention after Stroke (IRIS) trial, presented at the International Stroke Conference 2016 in Los Angeles and published in the New England Journal of Medicine, suggest a potential new method to prevent stroke and heart attack in high-risk patients who have already had one stroke or transient ischemic attack.
Source: NINDS Press Releases and News: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke - Category: Neurology Source Type: news

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RARITAN, NJ, March 28, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson today announced the VOYAGER PAD study met its primary efficacy and principal safety endpoints, demonstrating the XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) vascular dose (2.5 mg twice daily) plus aspirin (100 mg once daily) was superior to aspirin alone in reducing the risk of major adverse limb and cardiovascular (CV) events by 15 percent in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization, with similar rates of TIMI[1] major bleeding. VOYAGER PAD is the only study to show a significant benefit...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
ConclusionClopidogrel monotherapy was neither inferior nor superior to aspirin monotherapy for the secondary prevention of recurrent cerebrovascular attack following previous ischemic stroke in patients with T2DM. Hence, clopidogrel or aspirin monotherapy is equally safe and effective in these patients with T2DM.
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Albuminuria level is associated with cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with diabetes. However, little is known about the association between albuminuria level in diabetes patients without overt cardiovascular disease. We aimed to examine the association between albuminuria level and the risk of ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, and all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes without overt cardiovascular disease.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Research Study Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 January 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Hertzel C Gerstein, Robert Hart, Helen M Colhoun, Rafael Diaz, Mark Lakshmanan, Fady T Botros, Jeffrey Probstfield, Matthew C Riddle, Lars Rydén, Charles Messan Atisso, Leanne Dyal, Stephanie Hall, Alvaro Avezum, Jan Basile, Ignacio Conget, William C Cushman, Nicolae Hancu, Markolf Hanefeld, Petr Jansky, Matyas KeltaiSummaryBackgroundCardiovascular outcome trials have suggested that glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists might reduce strokes. We analysed the effect of dulaglutide on stroke within the ...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsSuboptimal diet of 10 dietary factors accounts for 18.2% of all ischemic heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes costs in the US, highlighting that timely implementation of diet policies could address these health and economic burdens.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Isordia-Salas I, Martínez-Marino M, Alberti-Minutti P, Ricardo-Moreno MT, Castro-Calvo R, Santiago-Germán D, Alvarado-Moreno JA, Calleja-Carreño C, Hernández-Juárez J, Leaños-Miranda A, Majluf-Cruz A Abstract Background and Purpose: The thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is an important inhibitor of fibrinolysis and plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis; genetic polymorphisms of the TAFI gene affect its activity and increase the risk of thrombosis. Moreover, studies in young patients are still scarce. The aim was to examin...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
Authors: Mureddu GF, Greco C, Rosato S, D'Errigo P, De Luca L, Badoni G, Faggiano P, Seccareccia F Abstract The risk of recurrent events among survivors of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is understudied. The aim of this analysis was to investigate the role of residual high thrombotic risk (HTR) as a predictor of recurrent in-hospital events after AMI. This retrospective cohort study included 186,646 patients admitted with AMI from 2009 to 2010 in all Italian hospitals who were alive 30 days after the index event. HTR was defined as at least one of the following in the 5 years preceding AMI: previous myocardial i...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
ConclusionAspirin reduced the risks of MACCE and cancer without increasing the bleeding risk in elderly Koreans with hypertension, T2DM, or dyslipidemia. Moreover, the benefits of the long-term use of aspirin in reducing the risks of MACCE were demonstrated. However, the decision of using aspirin for primary prevention must be carefully made on an individual basis, while estimating the benefit –risk balance of aspirin.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:  We demonstrate that increased clot AUC predicts future cardiovascular events in stable CAD patients receiving aspirin monotherapy. PMID: 31733633 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
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