What Are Current Treatments for Postpartum Depression?

Discussion Postpartum depression affects 10 to 20% of women after delivery, but less than half of these women are detected. Postpartum depression is defined as major depressive episodes with symptom onset during pregnancy or in the first four weeks following delivery. There is recognition that symptoms may begin later after delivery but the mother would not be diagnosed with PPD. PPD is distinct from postpartum blues which occur in 50 to 80% of new mothers. They occur within 1 to 2 days of delivery and resolve within 10-14 days of delivery. Symptoms include anxiety, depression, irritability, tearfulness, poor sleep, and appetite. Postpartum psychosis is a rare but extremely serious condition that occurs within 1 to 4 weeks after delivery and carries a high risk of infanticide and maternal suicide. Symptoms include “…delusions, hallucinations, severe and rapid mood swings, sleep disturbances, and obsessive preoccupation about the baby.” Women who experience termination or loss of pregnancy or neonatal death may also have bereavement and experience symptoms such as grief, poor appetite and sleep which may look like PPD. Risk factors for PPD include: previous depression including PPD, anxiety, relationship problems with partner, inadequate or absent home support, ongoing life stresses, low socioeconomic status, adolescent mother, preterm delivery, substance abuse (alcohol, tobacco, other medications or illicit drugs), and possibly depressive symptoms when ta...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Related Links:

In this study, we tested the hypothesis that transgenerational DEHP exposure alters anxiety-like behavior and neural gene expression in both male and female mice. Pregnant CD-1 mice were orally dosed daily with either tocopherol-stripped corn oil or DEHP (20 or 200 μg/kg/day; 500 or 750 mg/kg/day) from gestational day 10.5 until birth to produce the F1 generation. Females from each generation were bred with untreated, unrelated CD-1 males to produce subsequent generations. Behavior and gene expression assays were performed with adult, intact F3 males and females. Transgenerational DEHP exposure increased time spent ...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that mechanisms of sense of executive deficits depend on lateralization of pathology. The higher sense of executive deficits in people with right hemisphere pathology may be due to the efficiency of delayed memory, and may reflect an adequate self-assessment of own competence. The low DEX-S result of the group with the left hemisphere pathology may result from reduced, despite the absence of aphasia, language /semantic skills and not from the lack of insight into executive deficits. PMID: 31008470 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: For people with schizophrenia obtaining and retaining employment in a VDC translates into better outcomes in important areas of quality of life such as family relationships, overall health, and self-esteem. Poorer QoL was associated with the severity of symptoms, in particular depressive symptoms. People employed in the VDC benefited to a greater extent from autonomous control of symptoms, while among the OTW group an important role was played by others. PMID: 31008466 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The CSS-PL is an initial standardized version of an instrument for measuring cyberchondria and meets the psychometric criteria of reliability and validity for psychological testing tools. The CSS-PL may be used both in diagnostic and scientific research. PMID: 31008464 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
Conclusions: ICP and IOP have opposing effects on LCD and LC peak strain. While their effects on LCD are equivalent, the effect of IOP on LC peak strain is 3 times larger than that of ICP. The influences of these pressure are dependent on sclera material properties, which might explain the pathogenesis of ocular hypertension and normal-tension glaucoma. PMID: 31007950 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Conclusion and Recommendations: Consistent condom utilization among HIV clients on ART was low (55.8%). Place of residence and condom use initiation during sexual contact were significantly associated with consistent condom use. It is better to give more emphasis on health education and counseling service about consistent condom use for PLWHA who are on ART during follow-up especially for those who came from rural areas. PMID: 31007955 [PubMed]
Source: AIDS Research and Treatment - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: AIDS Res Treat Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 April 2019Source: The Journal of Chemical ThermodynamicsAuthor(s): Jorge Garcia-Cano, Alejandro Gomis, Alicia Font, Vicente GomisAbstractThe phase-forming ability of KCl in propanols has been investigated, aiming to assess its utility in aqueous two-phase extraction. Equilibrium data of the different equilibrium regions (SLLV, SLV, LLV, and LV) of aqueous two-phase systems (ATPSs) of water + KCl + 1-propanol and water + KCl + 2-propanol have been determined at the boiling temperatures of the mixtures and 101.3 kPa. In addition, the lowest critical solution temperature (LCST) for the wa...
Source: The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 April 2019Source: Catalysis CommunicationsAuthor(s): Ruben Almeida, M. Filipa Ribeiro, Auguste Fernandes, João P. LourençoAbstractVanadium oxide supported beta zeolite (Si/Al = 25, 4% V) was used as catalyst for the one-pot gas-phase conversion of glycerol to allyl alcohol without any external reductant. The catalytic data strongly suggest a consecutive reactions path involving the dehydration to acrolein over the zeolite acid sites followed by a selective reduction through a hydrogen-transfer reaction. Acidity is expected to play a major role in what concerns the sel...
Source: Catalysis Communications - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This study aimed to re-evaluate the role of these markers in the earlier identification of treatment success in a large cohort of women.DesignThis was a retrospective cohort study including women diagnosed with an ectopic pregnancy and treated with a regimen of a single dose of MTX. A comparison of maternal and gestation characteristics was made between groups in whom treatment was successful or failed.ResultsA total of 292 women treated with single-dose intramuscular MTX for ectopic pregnancy were included in this study. In the overall cohort, the treatment success rate with a single dose of MTX was 62.7% (183/292). Only ...
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: SSQOL-A has good validity and reliability for patients with mild to moderate stroke. PMID: 31006693 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
More News: Alcoholism | Anxiety | Babies | Bilirubin | Breastfed | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Child Abuse | Children | Circumcision | Databases & Libraries | Depression | Effexor | Electroconvulsive Therapy | Fluoxetine | Health | Health Management | Heart | Hospital Management | Hospitals | Hypertension | Jaundice | Learning | Men | Miscarriage | OBGYN | Parenting | Paroxetine | Paxil | Pediatrics | Perinatology & Neonatology | Postnatal Depression | Pregnancy | Prozac | Psychiatry | Psychology | Psychotherapy | Pulmonary Hypertension | Respiratory Medicine | Skin | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Smokers | Study | Substance Abuse | Substance Abuse Disorders | Suicide | Toxicology | Universities & Medical Training | Warnings | Women