What Are Current Treatments for Postpartum Depression?

Discussion Postpartum depression affects 10 to 20% of women after delivery, but less than half of these women are detected. Postpartum depression is defined as major depressive episodes with symptom onset during pregnancy or in the first four weeks following delivery. There is recognition that symptoms may begin later after delivery but the mother would not be diagnosed with PPD. PPD is distinct from postpartum blues which occur in 50 to 80% of new mothers. They occur within 1 to 2 days of delivery and resolve within 10-14 days of delivery. Symptoms include anxiety, depression, irritability, tearfulness, poor sleep, and appetite. Postpartum psychosis is a rare but extremely serious condition that occurs within 1 to 4 weeks after delivery and carries a high risk of infanticide and maternal suicide. Symptoms include “…delusions, hallucinations, severe and rapid mood swings, sleep disturbances, and obsessive preoccupation about the baby.” Women who experience termination or loss of pregnancy or neonatal death may also have bereavement and experience symptoms such as grief, poor appetite and sleep which may look like PPD. Risk factors for PPD include: previous depression including PPD, anxiety, relationship problems with partner, inadequate or absent home support, ongoing life stresses, low socioeconomic status, adolescent mother, preterm delivery, substance abuse (alcohol, tobacco, other medications or illicit drugs), and possibly depressive symptoms when ta...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Julia Modesto Vicente, Caio Jordão Teixeira, Junia Carolina Santos-Silva, Dailson Nogueira de Souza, Natália Tobar, Fabiola Sales Furtuoso, Isabel Gouveia Adabo, Frhancielly Shirley Sodré, Gilson Murata, Silvana Bordin, Gabriel Forato AnhêAbstractAimsThe present investigation evaluated whether pregnancy followed by lactation exerts long-term impacts on maternal hepatic lipid metabolism.Main methodsFemale mice were subjected to two pregnancies, after which they were either allowed to breastfeed their pups for 21 d...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 December 2018Source: Journal of Organometallic ChemistryAuthor(s): Qian Hu, Suyun Jie, Pierre Braunstein, Bo-Geng LiAbstractTridentate 2,6-bis(imino)phenol (L1−L4) and 2,6-bis(amino)phenol (L5−L7) ligands and their corresponding zinc chloride complexes (1–7) have been synthesized and well characterized by FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR, elemental analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. It was found that zinc complexes (1–4) with 2,6-bis(imino)phenol ligands were inactive for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of ε-caprolactone (ε-CL) ev...
Source: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol consumption patterns varied widely across settings and binge drinking was more frequent in HIV-positive individuals compared to the general population. Interventions to reduce excessive alcohol use are urgently needed to optimize adherence in the era of universal ART. PMID: 30549445 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
PURPOSE: The present study examined the roles of parental alcohol use and parental style as predictors of adolescent patterns of drug use. METHODS: 6391 students in the 7th and 8th grades at 72 Brazilian public schools participated in a three-wave ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study aims to identify and better understand the complex interplay of ris...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rural and Agricultural Issues Source Type: news
Recent surveys have found a strong decrease in alcohol consumption among young people and this trend has been identified in European countries, Australia and North America. Previous research suggests that the decline in alcohol consumption may be explained...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy is a geriatric syndrome defined variously as the use of potentially inappropriate drugs and/or the concurrent use of multiple medications including prescription and over-the-counter drugs. An association has been shown between poly...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
An error occurred in an article published Apr. 8, 2015. The rate of death from suicide in 2010 was incorrectly reported as 2.81 deaths per 100 000 person-years. The 2010 rate should have been reported as 28 deaths per 100 000 person-years. The error app...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
AIM: Sudden death is used to define a death under suspicious circumstances, where there is no clear indication of existing medical illness (natural cause) that accounts for the death or clear indication for the cause of death. This includes all deaths from...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among children and adolescents. Most studies about the burden and risk factors for suicide have been conducted in high-income countries. However, there is a dearth in the literature about the burden...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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