Regulation of T cell signaling and autoimmunity by RNA-binding proteins.

Regulation of T cell signaling and autoimmunity by RNA-binding proteins. Curr Opin Immunol. 2016 Feb 9;39:127-135 Authors: Jeltsch KM, Heissmeyer V Abstract Post-transcriptional gene regulation by RNA-binding proteins controls mRNA half-life and efficiency of translation. Recently, the RNA-binding proteins Roquin and Regnase-1 have been shown to play pivotal roles in T lymphocytes by preventing inflammatory and autoimmune disease. These factors share an overlapping set of target mRNAs and are both regulated by proteolytic cleavage through the paracaspase MALT1. This review discusses the mouse models of inactivation or deregulation and how these trans-acting factors recognize target mRNAs. Based on different affinities of cis-elements in target mRNAs and regulation of the trans-acting factors, we propose the following model: Increasing TCR signal strength will gradually inactivate Roquin and Regnase-1 causing differential target mRNA derepression that specifies cell fate decisions and effector functions of T cells. PMID: 26871597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Opinion in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Curr Opin Immunol Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Testing for autoantibodies against both Ro peptides may aim diagnosis, classify clinical manifestations in disease entities and define prognosis in certain autoimmune disorders. A distinct weight could be given to the isolated anti-Ro specificities in the SS classification criteria. PMID: 32083547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: GC treatment has implications in CVR, despite in SSc GC doses administered are lower than in other autoimmune diseases (in our cohort even prednisone ≤10 mg daily was associated with ED). GC may be associated with an early vascular damage in these patients, which could lead to changes in FMD, ED and finally AP. On the other hand, optimum levels of 25(OH)D3 seemed to be beneficial against vascular damage. PMID: 32083542 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Zeng Q, Zhao L, Wang C, Gao M, Han X, Chen C, Tu C, Han P, Li J Abstract Background: A high prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) has been observed in patients with autoimmune liver disease (AILD); however, data on the clinical relationship between AILD and AITD remain scant. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between AILD and AITD.Methods: We performed a retrospective study using medical records from 324 patients with AILD, 113 of whom had concurrent AITD.Results: Patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) were more likely to develop AITD (45.8%), followed by autoimmune hepatitis-primary biliar...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
In conclusion, taller body height at the entry to adulthood, supposed to be a marker of early-life environment, is associated with lower risk of dementia diagnosis later in life. The association persisted when adjusted for educational level and intelligence test scores in young adulthood, suggesting that height is not just acting as an indicator of cognitive reserve. A Comparison of Biological Age Measurement Approaches https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-comparison-of-biological-age-measurement-approaches/ Researchers here assess the performance of a range of approaches to measuring biological...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Chi Hou, Wenlin Wu, Yang Tian, Yani Zhang, Haixia Zhu, Yiru Zeng, Bingwei Peng, Kelu Zheng, Xiaojing Li, Wenxiong ChenAbstractObjective: To analyze the clinical features in children with anti-NMDAR encephalitis combined with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG ab).Methods: Clinical data of 7 children with anti-NMDAR encephalitis combined with MOG ab(+) were collected in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center from January, 2016 to June, 2019. Children with NMDAR ab(+)/MOG ab(-) and MOG ab(+)/NMD...
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The role of PPAR gamma agonists - rosiglitazone and 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 in experimental cyclosporine A hepatotoxicity. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2019 Dec;70(6): Authors: Sikora-Wiorkowska A, Smolen A, Czechowska G, Wiorkowski K, Korolczuk A Abstract Cyclosporine A (CsA) is an immunosuppressive drug used in transplantation and treatment of autoimmune diseases. Experimental studies revealed impairments in liver function and morphology among cyclosporine-treated animals. The aim of the study was to evaluate hepatoprotective activity of peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptors γ (PPA...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), with autoantibodies binding proteins in the NMJ detected in ∼85% of the patients. However, 10-15% of MG patients present with no known antibodies [1,2]. Congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS), in turn, are disorders of the NMJ due to various genetic defects in components essential for NMJ structure and function. Symptoms in CMS patients typically start shor tly after birth or during childhood, with an adult onset being rarer.
Source: Neuromuscular Disorders - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
Authors: Chen Y, Sun J, Liu H, Yin G, Xie Q Abstract Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cells are T cells engineered to express specific synthetic antigen receptors that can recognize antigens expressed by tumor cells, which after the binding of these antigens to the receptors are eliminated, and have been adopted to treat several kinds of malignancies. Autoimmune diseases (AIDs), a class of chronic disease conditions, can be broadly separated into autoantibody-mediated and T cell-mediated diseases. Treatments for AIDs are focused on restoring immune tolerance. However, current treatments have little effect on imm...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
Abstract The protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor 22 (PTPN22) is associated with susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. The functional polymorphism in PTPN22 at 1857 is a strong risk factor for vitiligo susceptibility in Europeans; however, controversy exits in other populations. Present study was aimed to determine whether the PTPN22 C1857T polymorphism confers susceptibility to vitiligo in Saudi Arabians. Genomic DNA was extracted and amplified using tetra primer amplification-refractory mutation system polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR) method. The frequencies of allele T and genotype CT of PTPN22 C1858T ...
Source: Biomarker Insights - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Biomark Insights Source Type: research
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a complex disorder, the pathogenesis of which is still unsolved. The known association between hidradenitis suppurativa and Crohn ’s disease, an autoimmune disease diagnosed with the presence of Anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies of the IgG family, suggests that a much more complex mechanism than a simple infectious disorder is involved. The goal of this study is to report patients’ characteristics and the outcome of 6 years of a yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)-exclusion diet and surgery in the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa.
Source: Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
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