Endoscopy in patients on antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy, including direct oral anticoagulants: British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) and European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guidelines

The risk of endoscopy in patients on antithrombotics depends on the risks of procedural haemorrhage versus thrombosis due to discontinuation of therapy. P2Y12 receptor antagonists (clopidogrel, prasugrel, ticagrelor) For low-risk endoscopic procedures we recommend continuing P2Y12 receptor antagonists as single or dual antiplatelet therapy (low quality evidence, strong recommendation); For high-risk endoscopic procedures in patients at low thrombotic risk, we recommend discontinuing P2Y12 receptor antagonists five days before the procedure (moderate quality evidence, strong recommendation). In patients on dual antiplatelet therapy, we suggest continuing aspirin (low quality evidence, weak recommendation). For high-risk endoscopic procedures in patients at high thrombotic risk, we recommend continuing aspirin and liaising with a cardiologist about the risk/benefit of discontinuation of P2Y12 receptor antagonists (high quality evidence, strong recommendation). Warfarin The advice for warfarin is fundamentally unchanged from British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) 2008 guidance. Direct Oral Anticoagulants (DOAC) For low-risk endoscopic procedures we suggest omitting the morning dose of DOAC on the day of the procedure (very low quality evidence, weak recommendation); For high-risk endoscopic procedures, we recommend that the last dose of DOAC be taken ≥48 h before the procedure (very low quality evidence, strong recommendation). For patients on dabigatran with CrCl (...
Source: Gut - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Endoscopy, Open access Guidelines Source Type: research

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We reported a case of intermittent massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a 33-year-old man with cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgical resection followed by chemoradiation. A portoduodenal fistula due to chronic duodenal ulceration was identified. The bleeding was successfully controlled by endoscopic ultrasound-guided coil placement through the duodenal bulb using the anchoring technique. Follow-up endoscopy and computed tomography scan showed multiple coil placements between a part of the portal vein and the duodenal bulb without any evidence of portal vein thrombosis. There were no complications, and bleeding di...
Source: Clinical Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Endosc Source Type: research
Conclusion In this small group of patients under anticoagulation therapy undergoing variceal band ligation, only a minority presented postendoscopic bleeding of minor importance. Nevertheless, particular attention should be paid to patients with previous decompensation of cirrhosis.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Today IPAA is the gold standard. The IRA is indicated in selected patients where they meet the following requirements: normal sphincter tone, absence of severe perineal disease, rectum does not actively involved by the disease, absence of dysplasia or cancer. It is also indicated in patients who refuse an ileostomy and it can be proposed as a possible interim procedure in young women, because it does not need a pelvic dissection and because the risk of infertility is minimal or absent when compared to IPAA. Because the risk of cancer is higher, patients undergoing IRA must be adequately informed about the risk,...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur case suggests that gallbladder hemorrhage needs to be considered a possible complication for patients on direct oral anticoagulants.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Medical literature on colonic changes in children with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO) is limited. We evaluated EHPVO children for prevalence, nature, and relation of colonic changes with disease duration, extent of splenoportal axis (SPA) thrombosis, portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG), and esophageal varices (EVs). The correlation between histological and endoscopic changes was studied.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: Molecular-weight heparin and intraoperative intermittent pneumatic compression controls the hypercoagulation effect more efficiently when it is administered 1 hour before surgery: it causes significant reduction of F1+2, TAT, and MP-TF indexes and significant increases of fTFPI levels during and after laparoscopic fundoplication.
Source: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
The clinical data of 149 patients who underwent successful laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) between January 2014 and September 2017 were analyzed in the present study. The incidence of portal vein system thrombosis (PVST) in patients with and without cirrhosis was 32.0% and 9.5%, respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the ratio of the postoperative maximum platelet (PLT) count to the preoperative PLT count (r=1.144; P=0.007) was the risk factor for PVST in all patients after LS. Of patients who received prophylactic anticoagulation, 9 and 6 cases of PVST in patients with and without cirrhosis, respe...
Source: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions: Highly complex cases, marked by revisional status, need for mesh, large hernia size, and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement are likely at increased risk for PEs. Preoperative venous thromboembolism chemoprophylaxis should be considered in the majority of laparoscopic PEHR patients.
Source: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
The number and complexity of procedures performed by gastroenterologists are increasing in the United States.1,2 In addition, the number and complexity of antithrombotic agents are growing.3 These concurrent trends may lead to confusion among providers on the  appropriate management of these drugs during endoscopy. The skilled clinician must balance the risks of thrombosis, including myocardial infarction and stroke, against the risks of procedure-related hemorrhage, which can be potentially fatal.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Portal hypertension is associated with many of the known complications of cirrhosis and has an enormous impact on patients ’ prognosis. Ascites and hepatic encephalopathy represent the most common complications of cirrhosis; both are associated with a significantly worse prognosis, with 50% survival over 1–2 years. Acute variceal bleeding is a life-threatening complication, and despite significant improvements in th e management it remains a leading cause of death in patients with cirrhosis. Advances in variceal bleeding management, including empirical antibiotic use, vasoactive drugs, early endoscopy and thera...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Management problems in liver disease Source Type: research
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