DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 14

DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 14 Please wait while the activity loads. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Also, this page requires javascript. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. If loading fails, click here to try again Click on the 'Start' button to begin the mock test. After answering all questions, click on the 'Get Results' button to display your score and the explanations. There is no time limit for this mock test. Start Congratulations - you have completed DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 14. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%% Your answers are highlighted below. Question 1Depth of chest compression in CPR for an adult isA5 cm B10 cm C2 cm DNone of the aboveQuestion 1 Explanation:  As per the latest guidelines, the depth of chest compression in an adult is at least 5 centimeters or two inches. Adequate chest compression is the most important part of good quality CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Interruption of chest compression should be minimized during CPR. Question 2Clopidogrel is a:ANone of the above BP2Y12 receptor antagonist CGP IIb/IIIa inhibitor DVitamin K antagonist Question 2 Explanation:  Clopidogrel, ticlopidine and prasugrel are P2Y12 receptor antagonists. GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors include abciximab, eptifibatide and tirofiban. Warfarin and acenocoumarol are vit...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Featured Source Type: blogs

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Source: Gynecological Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
This study investigated the cardioprotective effect of vitexin against MIRI and its possible mechanism. Isolated SD rat hearts were subjected to MIRI in a Langendorff perfusion system, and H9c2 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in vitro. Ex vivo experiments showed improved left ventricular function and reduced infarct size in the vitexin group. Transmission electron microscopy showed that I/R caused outer mitochondrial membrane rupture, cristae disappearance and vacuolation, while vitexin reduced mitochondrial damage and ultimately reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. In vitro, vitexin protected H9c2 cells fr...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Source: Core Evidence - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Core Evidence Source Type: research
The findings could have implications regarding different strategies for managing hypertension in women compared to men, the study authors suggest.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
Authors: Barton BB, Segger F, Fischer K, Obermeier M, Musil R Abstract Introduction: Antipsychotic-induced weight-gain (AIWG) is a very important, yet often neglected side-effect in the treatment with first and second generation antipsychotics. AIWG can increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Meta-analyses mostly concentrate on AIWG in schizophrenic and bipolar patients, even though antipsychotics are prescribed off-label across many other diagnostic groups (e.g. anxiety disorders, depression, autistic disorder).Areas covered: Pub Med and Web of Science were systemat...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Hanna AntushevichAbstractFecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is the introduction (transplantation) of gut microbiota obtained from the faeces of a healthy donor into the patient’s gastrointestinal tract. Most often, such therapy is used the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases caused by the activity of pathogenic or conditionally pathogenic microorganisms, however, recently an increasing number of studies have reported the use of fecal microbiota transplantation for the treatment of diseases such as metabolic syndrome, diabe...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Veterinary Immunology and ImmunopathologyAuthor(s): Tatianna F.S. De Nardo, Paulo H.L. Bertolo, Priscila A. Bernardes, Danísio P. Munari, Gisele F. Machado, Luciana S. Jardim, Pamela R.R. Moreira, Mayara C. Rosolem, Rosemeri O. VasconcelosABSTRACTMacrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that is produced by many cell types in situations of homeostasis or disease. One of its functions is to act as a proinflammatory molecule. In humans, several studies have shown that MIF levels become elevated in the serum, urine, cerebrospinal flu...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Authors: Augstburger E, Héron E, Abanou A, Habas C, Baudouin C, Labbé A Abstract Ischemic optic neuropathies are among the leading causes of severe visual acuity loss in people over 50 years of age. They constitute a set of various entities that are clinically, etiologically and therapeutically different. Anatomically, it is necessary to distinguish anterior and posterior forms. From an etiological point of view, the diagnosis of the arteritic form due to giant cell arteritis requires emergent management to prevent blindness and even death in the absence of prompt corticosteroid treatment. When this d...
Source: Journal Francais d Ophtalmologie - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Fr Ophtalmol Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study has established a pathophysiological role for ROS signaling in atrial cardiomyocytes, and it may be that ox-CaMKII and p-CaMKII (Thr-286) are activated by ROS to increase AF susceptibility following ibrutinib treatment. We have also identified the inhibition of NOX as a potential novel AF therapy approach.
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar las medidas de gasto cardiaco por ecocardiograf ía transtorácica y por catéter arterial pulmonar en pacientes en ventilación mecánica con presión positiva al final de la espiración elevada. Evaluar el efecto de la insuficiencia tricúspide. Métodos: Se estudiaron 16 pacientes en ventilación mecánica. El gasto cardiaco se midió con el catéter arterial pulmonar y por ecocardiografía transtorácica. Las medidas se realizaron en diferentes niveles de presión positiva al final de la espiraci&o...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
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