Minimal cerebral dysfunctions and ADHD in adulthood.

[Minimal cerebral dysfunctions and ADHD in adulthood]. Nervenarzt. 2016 Jan 28; Authors: Linden M, Weddigen J Abstract Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is of great importance not only in children but also in adults; however, despite extensive research there are still many unsolved questions with respect to the diagnosis. Patients not only suffer from attention deficits and hyperactivity but also a variety of other problems, such as dyspraxia, problems with stimulus discrimination, dysgrammatism, legasthenia, or motor coordination problems. Furthermore, there are also psychopathological disorders, such as problems with memory, formal thinking, emotional modulation, drive and vegetative stability, in the sense of a psycho-organic syndrome. Such syndromes have long been known in psychiatry under terms, such as complex capacity disorders, minimal cerebral dysfunction (MCD), minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), mild psycho-organic syndrome, psycho-organic axis syndrome, mild cognitive impairment, developmental disorder and developmental biological syndrome. Etiological data with respect to genetics and early childhood brain trauma support the notion of a psychobiological disorder for complex cerebral dysfunction in the sense of a psycho-organic syndrome. Depending on the individual life and work situation, these additional symptoms of ADHD are in many cases of greater relevance for life adjustment than the core symptoms, depending on the individual...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research

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AbstractCalotropis procera (CP; Apocynaceae) is reported to have several neuroprotective activities however it ’s anti-depressant activity yet to be established. Therefore, the present study was proposed to evaluate the anti-depressant activity of the standardized ethanolic extract of CP (ECP) in chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) paradigm exposed male rats. Animals were exposed to CUMS from day-1 (D -1) to D-28 except control group animals of the experimental schedule. ECP (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) and Imipramin (15.0 mg/kg, p.o.) were administered for seven consecutive days after CUMS paradigm. ...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis is the first report in the literature of a causative relation between methylphenidate and the development of SSc, a serious, life-threatening condition. Patients treated with CNS stimulants should be followed closely for side-effects such as RP and skin changes.
Source: Autoimmunity Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General SubjectsAuthor(s): Lynne Rumping, Mia L. Pras-Raves, Johan Gerrits, Yuen Fung Tang, Marcel A. Willemsen, Roderick H.J. Houwen, Gijs van Haaften, Peter M. van Hasselt, Nanda M. Verhoeven-Duif, Judith J.M. JansAbstractBackgroundHigh glutaminase (GLS;EC3.5.1.2) activity is an important pathophysiological phenomenon in tumorigenesis and metabolic disease. Insight into the metabolic consequences of high GLS activity contributes to the understanding of the pathophysiology of both oncogenic pathways and inborn errors of glutam...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) General Subjects - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is the most common neurobehavioral disorder of childhood. It affects approximately 7% to 8% of all children and youth in the US. As the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) pointed out in their recent clinical practice guideline for ADHD, that’s more than the mental health system can handle, which means that pediatricians need to step up and help out. So, if your child is having problems with attention, focus, hyperactivity, impulsivity, or some combination of those, and is at least 4 years old, your first step should be an appointment with your child’s primary...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Children's Health Neurological conditions Parenting Source Type: blogs
The home-based pilot program will see 20 children each receive a take-home kit that includes Neeuro ’s brainwave-reading SenzeBand and a Samsung tablet with the preloaded CogoLand game.
Source: mobihealthnews - Category: Information Technology Source Type: news
Authors: Fadus MC, Ginsburg KR, Sobowale K, Halliday-Boykins CA, Bryant BE, Gray KM, Squeglia LM PMID: 31713075 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research
Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 15 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41398-019-0619-yAdult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is associated with reduced norepinephrine transporter availability in right attention networks: a (S,S)-O-[11C]methylreboxetine positron emission tomography study
Source: Translational Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAttention deficit hyperactivity disorder and methamphetamine use disorder are common comorbidities. National data regarding methamphetamine use is available per the most recent SAMSHA report. Even though attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and methamphetamine seem to commonly coexist, we do not have national figures which would provide a more comprehensive picture. The purpose of the article is to highlight this comorbidity and discuss some of the possible shared neurobiological and other pertinent overlapping features.Recent FindingsPer the 2017 SAMSHA report, among the 8.3 million younger ad...
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Conclusions: Parents attribute their high stress to their children's behaviour, unmet needs for support, and social stigma. Parents request support to enable them to cope and appear to represent a clinical population who require mental health care and support themselves. Future interventions directly targeting the stress of parents of children with ADHD may provide wide-ranging benefits for their children and families. PMID: 31713473 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being Source Type: research
Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLDs) refers to a group of conditions, which encompasses: dyslexia, dyspraxia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (Gibbs et al., 2007). In recent years, however, there has been some debate as to the correct terminology for this diagnostic cluster. This in turn creates uncertainty for the non-specialist healthcare educator. The language and term(s) they choose to adopt may hold unintended implications for their learners. Throughout this short article, we therefore explore the variety of terminology surrounding these conditions.
Source: Nurse Education in Practice - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Guest Editorial Source Type: research
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