Historical Parallels, Ebola Virus Disease and Cholera: Understanding Community Distrust and Social Violence with Epidemics

In conclusion the recent adverse reactions to EVD in Western Africa have not been new to history or unique to Africa. Instead, the distrust and violence seen in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in 2014/15 parallel Europe’s long encounters with cholera from 1830 into the twentieth century. This European past combined with recent events in West Africa can provide lessons for policy makers. First, authorities and health workers must recognize that some diseases have greater potential to spark distrust and violence than others, and the former tend to be ones with high fatality rates, when victims enter health facilities but few return alive. Second, responsible public health experts must negotiate carefully funeral and burial practices central to the ritual life of Africans as they have been for Europeans. Regulating these matters mindful of infection prevention and epidemiological factors alone, without engaging the afflicted communities or their leaders, not only risks triggering resistance, distrust, and violence; it threatens fanning the spread of the epidemic beyond control, increasing misery and the numbers dying. Competing Interest The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Disclaimer The opinions expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the positions of WHO.
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research

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Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
The objective of this literature review is to present the theoretical and practical aspects of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for respiratory and/or cardiac functions in critically ill patients.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that HBO therapy significantly reduces the risk of memory impairment compared to NBO, but 2 sessions of HBO might not be better for memory impairment than 1 session of HBO. PMID: 31606731 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Virtual Poster Session 2: Basic Science/Research/Education (1:20 PM – 1:30 PM) 1:20 PM: STATION J Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Virtual Poster Session 3: Endometriosis (10:20 AM – 10:30 AM) 10:20 AM: STATION O Source Type: research
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Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
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Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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