Safety evaluation of Acalypha wilkesiana in albino rats and BHK-21 cell line

We examined the phytochemical profile, cytotoxic effects on baby hamster kidney cell line (BHK-21), and oral subacute toxicity of A. wilkesiana leaf decoction in rats. Rats were given 0, 300, 600, and 1200 mg/kg body weight of A. wilkesiana leaf extract, daily, orally for 14 days. The phytochemical profile showed the presence of flavonoids, saponin, cardiac glycosides, and tannins. It caused apoptosis in BHK-21 cell line at concentrations of 0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 μg/ml. There was significant increase in the levels of serum AST, ALT, creatinine, urea, Na+, K+, and Cl− levels in all the test groups compared to the control. Histology of the liver revealed centrilobular degeneration and necrosis with sinusoidal dilatation as well as polymorphonuclear and mononuclear infiltration. The kidney showed severe glomerular and tubular degeneration and necrosis with hemorrhage at all doses administered. We conclude that the plant was toxic at the doses tested in vitro and in vivo, and care should be exercised in its use in herbal medicine.
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Related Links:

DiscussionMCI prevalence varied among Hispanic/Latino backgrounds, but not as widely as reported in the previous studies. CVD risk and depressive symptoms were associated with increased MCI, whereas APOE4 was not, suggesting alternative etiologies for MCI among diverse Hispanics/Latinos. Our findings suggest that mitigating CVD risk factors may offer important pathways to understanding and reducing MCI and possibly dementia among diverse Hispanics/Latinos.
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Local application of sevoflurane in the wound bed appears to exhibit analgesic, antimicrobial, and positive healing effects. It could be a promising alternative treatment to be included as a therapeutic option for wound care. PMID: 31730517 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Cutaneous vasculopathy related to the skin, such as livedo reticularis and ulcers of torpid evolution due to cutaneous vasculopathy are extremely rare. Thus, it is necessary to include skin ulcers as one of the phenotypic manifestations of NF-1. PMID: 31730516 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The authors suggest stasis mucinosis and OALM represent the spectrum of euthyroid mucin depositional disease in varying clinical settings. PMID: 31730515 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: From this case report, the authors believe NPWTi-d may be more effective in cases with intractable ulcers associated with infection that need better granulation. PMID: 31730514 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
Authors: Roshangar L, Soleimani Rad J, Kheirjou R, Reza Ranjkesh M, Ferdowsi Khosroshahi A Abstract Burn wounds are one of the main causes of skin damage. Based on World Health Organization statistics, almost 300 000 people worldwide die of burns each year. In severe burns, the cells and blood vessels are often injured and the blood supply to the wound is disturbed. Many factors such as oxygenation, infection, aging, hormones, and nutrition potentially can influence burn progression and disrupt repair with unbalanced release of various growth factors and cytokines. Different treatment approaches such as dressings a...
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: An illustrated guide for dressing application in burn wounds was developed and validated for content by an expert panel. PMID: 31730512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest cohort reported in the literature of patients with frostbite injuries treated with HBOT. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may show positive impact on the demarcation level of frostbite and, despite the common side effects, it generally causes no long-term sequelae. PMID: 31730511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is an easily reproducible and safe technique for effluent control in patients with Björk grade 4 abdomen with established EAF. PMID: 31730510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest the importance of arterial-arterial connections such as the pedal arch to the healing potential of foot and ankle wounds after STSG in this high-risk patient population. PMID: 31730509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
More News: Babies | Complementary Medicine | Herbs | Liver | Pathology | Study | Toxicology | Urology & Nephrology