Laparoscopic colorectal resection versus open colorectal resection in octogenarians: a systematic review and meta-analysis of safety and efficacy

Abstract Octogenarians are more often viewed as high-risk surgical candidates. This increased risk is attributed to an age-related decline in physical function and reserve capacity coupled with the presence of various underlying diseases. There are no current guidelines or consensus on the optimal treatment strategy for this cohort of complex patients. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic colorectal resection versus open colorectal resection in octogenarians. The meta-analysis was conducted following all aspects of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. A systematic literature review was carried out using the following databases: MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and OVID. Only studies comparing outcome of laparoscopic and open colorectal resections in the elderly population (≥80 years) were selected. The data collected included the patient demographics, interventions, observed outcome and sources of bias. When performing the statistical analysis, we used the odds ratio for categorical variables and the weighted mean difference for continuous variables. The results of this systematic review and pooled analysis demonstrated the safety and potential benefits of laparoscopic colorectal resection in octogenarians. LC can reduce the length of hospital stay, intraoperative ...
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Authors: Alzahrani SM, Ko CS, Yoo MW Abstract Purpose: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) risk calculator is useful in predicting postoperative adverse events. However, its accuracy in specific disorders is unclear. We validated the ACS NSQIP risk calculator in patients with gastric cancer undergoing curative laparoscopic surgery. Materials and Methods: We included 207 consecutive early gastric cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy between January 2018 and January 2019. The preoperative characteristics and risks of the patients were review...
Source: Journal of Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: J Gastric Cancer Source Type: research
This study utilizes the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to examine the status and outcome of cholecystectomy.MethodsA retrospective review of veterans who underwent cholecystectomy between 2008 and 2015 was performed. Data analysis included patient demographics, operations, and postoperative outcomes. Cochran-Armitage trend analysis was used to assess significant changes in outcome over the study period.p ≤ 0.05 was considered significant.ResultsA total of 40,722 patients (average age of 61  years) were included in the study (males 85.6%). LC was performed in the majorit...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundSmall randomized trials of early postoperative oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) suggest various health benefits following colorectal surgery (CRS). However, real-world evidence of the impact of early ONS on clinical outcomes in CRS is lacking.MethodsUsing a nationwide administrative-financial database (Premier Healthcare Database), we examined the association between early ONS use and postoperative clinical outcomes in patients undergoing elective open or laparoscopic CRS between 2008 and 2014. Early ONS was defined as the presence of charges for ONS before postoperative day (POD) 3. The primary out...
Source: Perioperative Medicine - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Aiolfi A, Micheletto G, Guerrazzi G, Bonitta G, Campanelli G, Bona D Abstract Treatment of Boerhaave's syndrome is controversial. Formal thoracotomy and laparotomy were considered the gold standard treatment in the past. However, these approaches are associated with significant surgical trauma, stress, and postoperative pain. Recently published studies reported the application of minimally invasive surgery in the setting of such esophageal emergency. However, the application of minimally invasive surgery in the setting of Boerhaave's syndrome is debated and evidence is puzzled. The aim of this study was to...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Conclusion: Compared with open resection group, the total effect of laparoscopy combined with gastroscopy positioning group in the treatment of gastric stromal tumours is better. Laparoscopy combined with gastroscopy positioning group for the gastric stromal tumours is acceptable.
Source: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Wu J, Han J, Zhang Y, Liang L, Zhao J, Han F, Dou C, Zhang Y, Liu J, Wu W, Hu Z, Zhang C Abstract The safety and feasibility of laparoscopic versus open liver resection (LLR vs. OLR) associated lymphadenectomy for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) are still controversial. The aim of the present study was to compare short and long-term outcomes. We reviewed data on 43 consecutive patients who underwent curative liver resection with associated lymphadenectomy for ICC. The short-term outcomes including postoperative morbidity and mortality, and the long-term outcomes including overall survival (OS) and re...
Source: BioScience Trends - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biosci Trends Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2020Source: International Journal of Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Jessica Naccour, Hassan Sabra, Mersad Alimoradi, Etienne El-Helou, Marwan M. Haddad, Henri Bitar
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) has been shown to decrease wound complications and length of stay (LOS) but results in more postoperative discomfort. The benefits of LVHR for the growing geriatric population are unclear. The aim of our study is to evaluate long-term outcomes and quality of life (QOL) after LVHR in the geriatric population. METHODS: A prospectively collected single-center database was queried for all patients who underwent LVHR (1999-2019). Age groups were defined as
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
BACKGROUND Cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) is devastating with ventilator-associated pneumonia being a main driver of morbidity and mortality. Laparoscopic diaphragm pacing implantation (DPS) has been used for earlier liberation from mechanical ventilation. We hypothesized that DPS would improve respiratory mechanics and facilitate liberation. METHODS We performed a retrospective review of acute CSCI patients between January 2005 and May 2017. Routine demographics were collected. Patients underwent propensity score matching based on age, Injury Severity Score, ventilator days, hospital length of stay, and need for ...
Source: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: AAST 2019 PODIUM Source Type: research
Conclusion RS and PV paths are both safe and effective routes that yielded similar postoperative complications. Reconstruction after thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy via the RS route had lower propensity of pneumonia than PV route. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Thoracic Source Type: research
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