Viruses, Vol. 8, Pages 22: Innate Immunity Evasion by Enteroviruses: Insights into Virus-Host Interaction
Enterovirus genus includes multiple important human pathogens, such as poliovirus, coxsackievirus, enterovirus (EV) A71, EV-D68 and rhinovirus. Infection with EVs can cause numerous clinical conditions including poliomyelitis, meningitis and encephalitis, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, acute flaccid paralysis, diarrhea, myocarditis and respiratory illness. EVs, which are positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, trigger activation of the host antiviral innate immune responses through pathogen recognition receptors such as retinoic acid-inducible gene (RIG-I)-likeand Toll-like receptors. In turn, EVs have developed sophisticated strategies to evade host antiviral responses. In this review, we discuss the interplay between the host innate immune responses and EV infection, with a primary focus on host immune detection and protection against EV infection and viral strategies to evade these antiviral immune responses.
CONCLUSIONS: Mortality rates from HIV-associated meningitis in SSA are very high under routine care conditions. Better strategies are needed to reduce mortality from HIV-associated meningitis in the region. PMID: 31957332 [PubMed - in process]
[Vanguard] In recent times, the number of people coming down with kidney disease has been on the increase and many reasons have been adduced to explain the rise in number of cases. Chief among the reasons are the rise in cases of diabetes and high blood pressure; which experts say, increase the risk of chronic kidney disease. However, one disease which experts say could lead to kidney failure, respiratory disease, meningitis, liver failure and even death if left untreated, is little known leptospirosis, considered th
[WHO] Abuja 20 January, 2020 - Having achieved the milestone of reaching three years without a reporting of case of wild poliovirus, The German Government represented by members of its Parliament expressed satisfaction with the progress in Polio Eradication in Nigeria.
Authors: Jahołkowski P, Niewiadomska J, Wciórka J, Kowalski M, Świtaj P Abstract Clozapine, atypical antipsychotic drug, is widely used in patients with schizophrenia, for whom previous therapy was inadequate or not tolerated. Clozapine-induced myocarditis (CIM) is a relatively rare but potentially life-threatening complication of clozapine therapy; however, the underlying mechanism has not been so far well elucidated. Factors predisposing to CIM include a rapid dose titration, advanced age and co-administration of sodium valproate. In this paper, we present a case of a 22-year-old male patient with refrac...
We present a case of a supratentorial Lm brain abscess in a patient with liver cirrhosis whose family denied surgical management, and despite the large size, clinical and radiological success was achieved with 4 weeks of ampicillin.
AbstractPurpose of ReviewCryptococcal meningitis is one of the most seriously opportunistic infections in people living with HIV. We evaluated clinical and laboratorial features (minimum inhibitory concentrations for fluconazole, initial fungal burden in cerebrospinal fluid) and risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality.Recent FindingsThere is no good evidence for the use of minimum inhibitory concentrations for fluconazole in routine practice for the management of cryptococcosis patients. Counting yeast cells at cerebrospinal fluid can predict positive culture by not death.SummaryData from 46 cryptococcal meningi...