Respiratory tract infection caused by Mycobacterium bovis in a black swan (Cygnus atratus).

Respiratory tract infection caused by Mycobacterium bovis in a black swan (Cygnus atratus). Avian Pathol. 2016 Jan 8;:1-16 Authors: Sánchez FD, Yela IJ, Alfonseca E, Campuzano J, Morales E, Aguilar C Abstract A 3-year-old male black swan (Cygnus atratus), belonging to a private collection, died suddenly and was subjected to post mortem examination. At necropsy, caseous exudate was observed in the lungs and air sacs; granulomatous lesions characterized by epithelioid macrophages and abundant mycobacteria were observed microscopically. Avian tuberculosis associated with Mycobacterium bovis was confirmed by bacteriologic isolation, biochemical tests and molecular methods. The organism was identified as spoligotype SB0140, which is frequently found in cattle and people in North America. In this case, interspecies transmission could have been the source of infection because the swan cohabited with cattle. PMID: 26743683 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Although the concept of mandatory vaccination seems to be favoured by many health professionals in Europe, it remains a controversial subject both among HCWs' profession categories and also among different countries. Interventions to increase vaccination among HCWs would benefit by tailoring their approach according to disease and target group. PMID: 31580555 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Cent Eur J Public Health Source Type: research
This study showed that avian tuberculosis could induce secondary amyloidosis in naturally infected ducks. PMID: 30961809 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis Source Type: research
This study showed that avian tuberculosis could induce secondary amyloidosis in naturally infected ducks.
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
SummaryRuxolitinib is a  Janus kinase (JAK) 2 inhibitor that is an effective therapeutic agent for primary myelofibrosis (PMF), which helps significantly to reduce constitutional symptoms and spleen size. However, this drug has significant immunomodulatory effects that may lead to various opportunistic infections. Reacti vation of tuberculosis and certain viral infections have been well documented. Although a few reports of patients with pulmonary cryptosporidiosis on ruxolitinib exist, an extensive literature review shows only one previously reported case of cryptococcal meningoencephalitis in an immunocomp...
Source: Memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018Source: The Veterinary Journal, Volume 238Author(s): A. Lahuerta-Marin, M.G. Milne, J. McNair, R.A. Skuce, S.H. McBride, F.D. Menzies, S.J.W. McDowell, A.W. Byrne, I.G. Handel, B.M. de C. BronsvoortAbstractIn the European Union, the recommended ante-mortem diagnostic methods for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) include the single intradermal cervical comparative tuberculin (SICCT) test and the interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) test as an ancillary test. The SICCT test has a moderate sensitivity (Se) and high specificity (Sp), while the IFN-γ test has good Se, but a lower Sp than the SICCT test. A r...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 009 The diagnosis of HIV is no longer fatal and the term AIDS is becoming less frequent. In many countries, people with HIV are living longer than those with diabetes. This post will hopefully teach the basics of a complex disease and demystify some of the potential diseases you need to consider in those who are severely immunosuppressed. While trying to be comprehensive this post can not be exhaustive (as you can imagine any patient with ...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine AIDS art cryptococcoma cryptococcus HIV HIV1 HIV2 PEP PrEP TB toxoplasma tuberculoma Source Type: blogs
Publication date: August 2018Source: The Veterinary Journal, Volume 238Author(s): A. Lahuerta-Marin, M.G. Milne, J. McNair, R.A. Skuce, S.H. McBride, F.D. Menzies, S.J.W. McDowell, A.W. Byrne, I.G. Handel, B.M. de C. BronsvoortAbstractIn the European Union, the recommended ante-mortem diagnostic methods for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) include the single intradermal cervical comparative tuberculin (SICCT) test and the interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) test as an ancillary test. The SICCT test has a moderate sensitivity (Se) and high specificity (Sp), while the IFN-γ test has good Se, but a lower Sp than the SICCT test. A r...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
DAVID E. BLOOM is the Clarence James Gamble Professor of Economics and Demography, DANIEL CADARETTE is a research assistant, and JP SEVILLA is a research associate, all at Harvard University’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health.By David E. Bloom, Daniel Cadarette and JP SevillaWASHINGTON DC, Jul 3 2018 (IPS)Infectious diseases and associated mortality have abated, but they remain a significant threat throughout the world.We continue to fight both old pathogens, such as the plague, that have troubled humanity for millennia and new pathogens, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), that have mutated or spilled over ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Active Citizens Development & Aid Economy & Trade Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
AbstractA cross-sectional study was conducted among 308 lactating camels selected from 15 herds from three different camel milk clusters in Isiolo County, Kenya, to determine prevalence of bovine and avian tuberculosis using Single Comparative Intradermal Tuberculin Skin test. Seventy-five (75) questionnaires were administered to pastoralists/herders, and focus group discussions were conducted among 3 –5 pastoralists/herders selected from each camel herd to collect information on camel husbandry and health management practices and knowledge on tuberculosis in livestock and wildlife. An overall prevalence of bovine an...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 May 2018 Source:The Veterinary Journal Author(s): A. Lahuerta-Marin, M.G. Milne, J. McNair, R.A. Skuce, S.H. McBride, F.D. Menzies, S.J.W. McDowell, A.W. Byrne, I.G. Handel, B.M. de C. Bronsvoort In the European Union, the recommended ante-mortem diagnostic methods for bovine tuberculosis (bTB) include the single intradermal cervical comparative tuberculin (SICCT) test and the interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) test as an ancillary test. The SICCT test has a moderate sensitivity (Se) and high specificity (Sp), while the IFN-γ test has good Se, but a lower Sp than the SICCT test. A re...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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