Global Health: Progress in Jimmy Carter’s Quest to End Guinea Worm Disease

Only 22 cases of the disease were reported in 2015, a significant drop from the 126 cases reported in 2014.
Source: NYT - Category: American Health Authors: Tags: Carter Center Carter, Jimmy Ethiopia South Sudan Parasites Afghanistan Mali Guinea Worm Disease Chad Source Type: news

Related Links:

This report, based on updated health ministry data (3), describes progress during January 2017-June 2018 and updates previous reports (1,4). In 2017, 30 cases were reported from Chad and Ethiopia, and 855 infected animals (mostly dogs) were reported from Chad, Ethiopia, and Mali, compared with 25 cases and 1,049 animal infections reported in 2016. During January-June 2018, the number of cases declined to three cases each in Chad and South Sudan and one in Angola, with 709 infected animals reported, compared with eight cases and 547 animal infections during the same period of 2017. With only five affected countries, the era...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
We present the first extensive population genetic data for Guinea worm, inves tigating mitochondrial and microsatellite variation in adult female worms from both human and non-human hosts in the four endemic countries to elucidate the origins of Chad’s current outbreak and possible host-specific differences between parasites. Genetic diversity of Chadian Guinea worms was co nsiderably higher than that of the other three countries, even after controlling for sample size through rarefaction, and demographic analyses are consistent with a large, stable parasite population. Genealogical analyses eliminate the other three...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
For 30 years, scientists have fought to eliminate a horrifying parasite. Suddenly, it has begun infecting dogs in Chad, threatening to undo decades of progress.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Guinea Worm Disease Dogs Frogs Parasites Epidemics Carter Center Carter, Jimmy Deby, Idriss Chad Africa Source Type: news
Dr. Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben has saved tens of millions of people from painful parasitic infections.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Guinea Worm Disease Water Parasites Dogs Philanthropy Carter Center Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Carter, Jimmy Chad Source Type: news
Abstract By 2050 our civilized planet may be comprised predominantly of networked megacities embedded in warm subtropical and tropical climates, and under stress from climate change and catastrophic weather events. Urban slum areas in these cities, including those found in wealthier middle- and high-income nations (blue marble health), will be especially vulnerable to disease. Moreover, regional conflicts fought over shifting and limited resources, including water, will collapse health systems infrastructures to further promote disease emergence and reemergence. Thus while by 2050 we might congratulate ourselves f...
Source: Advances in Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Adv Parasitol Source Type: research
It has been 15 months — longer than the worm ’ s life cycle — since the last case of infection, which means the parasite is nearing eradication in the country.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Guinea Worm Disease Parasites Carter Center Carter, Jimmy Hopkins, Donald R South Sudan Atlanta (Ga) Source Type: news
The number of reported cases worldwide of Guinea worm disease, caused by a parasitic worm, decreased from 10 in the first half of 2016 to 8 in the first half of 2017, according to recent CDCresearch.
Source: JAMA - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This report updates published (3-4) and unpublished surveillance data reported by ministries of health and describes progress toward dracunculiasis eradication during January 2016-June 2017. In 2016, a total of 25 cases were reported from three countries (Chad [16], South Sudan [six], Ethiopia [three]), compared with 22 cases reported from the same three countries and Mali in 2015 (Table 1). The 14% increase in cases from 2015 to 2016 was offset by the 25% reduction in number of countries with indigenous cases. During the first 6 months of 2017, the overall number of cases declined to eight, all in Chad, from 10 cases in t...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Beyene HB, Bekele A, Shifara A, Ebstie YA, Desalegn Z, Kebede Z, Mulugeta A, Deribe K, Tadesse Z, Abebe T, Kebede B, Abrha G, Jima D Abstract Dracunculiasis, also named Guinea Worm Disease (GWD), is one of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) caused by a parasitic nematode known as Dracunculus medinensis and has been known since antiquity as 'fiery serpent' from Israelites. It is transmitted to humans via drinking contaminated water containing infective copepods. Given, its feasibility for eradication, the Guinea Worm Eradication Program (GWEP) was launched in 1980 with the aim of eradicating the disease...
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research
Publication date: 7 November 2017 Source:Journal of Theoretical Biology, Volume 432 Author(s): Lorenzo Mari, Manuela Ciddio, Renato Casagrandi, Javier Perez-Saez, Enrico Bertuzzo, Andrea Rinaldo, Susanne H. Sokolow, Giulio A. De Leo, Marino Gatto Simple models of disease propagation often disregard the effects of transmission heterogeneity on the ecological and epidemiological dynamics associated with host-parasite interactions. However, for some diseases like schistosomiasis, a widespread parasitic infection caused by Schistosoma worms, accounting for heterogeneity is crucial to both characterize long-term dynamics and e...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
More News: American Health | Dracunculiasis (Guinea Worm Disease GWD) | Health | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology