Enterococcus faecalis as multidrug resistance strains in clinical isolates in Imam Reza Hospital in Kermanshah, Iran.

In conclusion, a high rate of resistance to antibiotics in Enterococcus is clearly problematic, and a novel strategy is needed to decrease resistance in Enterococcus. PMID: 26738400 [PubMed - in process]
Source: British Journal of Biomedical Science - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Br J Biomed Sci Source Type: research

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Vancomycin-resistant enterococci are troublesome pathogens in clinical settings because of few treatment options. A VanA/VanM-type vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium clinical isolate was identified in Japan. This strain, named AA708, harbored five plasmids, one of which migrated during agarose gel electrophoresis without S1 nuclease treatment, which is indicative of a linear topology. We named this plasmid pELF1. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) analysis of the AA708 strain revealed that the complete sequence of pELF1 was 143,316 bp long and harbored both the vanA and vanM gene clusters. Furthermore, mfold analysis and...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
To assess the prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistant (QR) bacteria, multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria and Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) in rectal swabs of patients undergoing transrectal prostate biopsy and for evaluating if risk factor assessment is reliable for prediction of QR bacteria, MDR bacteria or E. faecalis.
Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion. In hospital-acquired bacterial meningitis, multidrug resistance Gram negative bacteria are a huge challenge for the treatment of patients. Hence, antimicrobial stewardship should be followed to counteract with the emerging multidrug resistance isolates. PMID: 31647400 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Jin Ju Park, Yu Bin Seo, Young Kyun Choi, Dohern Kym, Jacob LeeAbstractInfection is the leading cause of mortality in severe burn patients, benefitting from periodic monitoring of changes in bacterial prevalence and antibiotic resistance trends. This single facility retrospective study evaluated blood culture results for patients hospitalized in the burn intensive care unit (BICU) from January 2012 to December 2017. A total of 969 samples from 420 patients were reviewed. Isolated pathogens were recorded by year and the number of days of hospitalizati...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
o-Artigao F Abstract A progressive increase in the incidence of infections caused by multidrug-resistant microorganisms is being reported. Among these resistant microorganisms, the main threats are extended-spectrum β-lactamase-, AmpC-, and carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacilli, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium. To address this important problem, it is essential to establish pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship programs, perform active epidemiological surveillance and develop an adequate infection control policy. The therapeutic approach of these...
Source: Anales de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: An Pediatr (Barc) Source Type: research
nen Hazan Currently, effective options are needed to fight vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE). The present study shows that combinations of phage and vancomycin are highly efficient against VRE, despite being resistant to the antibiotic. Vancomycin-phage EFLK1 (anti-E. faecalis phage) synergy was assessed against VRE planktonic and biofilm cultures. The effect of the combined treatment on VRE biofilms was determined by evaluating the viable counts and biomass and then visualized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The cell wall peptidoglycan was stained after phage treatment, visualized by confocal ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract Multidrug resistance is one of the top three threats to global public health. Understanding resistance of bacteria is important to help decrease resistance and improve the development of novel antimicrobial agents or other alternative tools to combat public health challenges. Thus, the goal of this study was to investigate the vancomycin and florfenicol resistance genes of five E. faecalis and 15 E. faecium isolated from patients with urinary tract infections. There were 20 Enterococcus obtained from the library collection of randomly selected private hospitals located in the city of El Qanater El Khayrey...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
This study was performed to decipher the bacterial community structure through Illumina high throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing, and to determine the resistance profile using the Sensititre antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) conforming to clinical lab standards (NCCLS). Out of 1747 bacterial strains detected from wastewater influent and effluent, Pseudomonas was the most predominant genus related to ESKAPE in influent, with sequence reads corresponding to 21.356%, followed by Streptococcus (6.445%), Acinetobacter (0.968%), Enterococcus (0.063%), Klebsiella (0.038%), Escherichia (0.028%) and Staphylococcus (0.004%). D...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Nanotechnology using nanoscale materials is increasingly being utilized for clinical applications, especially as a new paradigm for infectious diseases. Infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) are emerging as causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Antibiotic options for infections caused by MDROs are often limited. These clinical challenges highlight the critical demand for alternative and effective antimicrobial strategies. Nanoparticles (NPs) can penetrate the cell membrane of pathogenic microorganisms and interfere with important molecular pathways, formulating unique antimicrobial mechanisms. I...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Mastitis caused by multi- or pan-drug resistant bacteria is a growing health concern. A total of 110 milk samples were collected: Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Enterococcus faecalis, and Escherichia coli were present in 54/110 (49.09%), 37/110 (33.63%), 25/110 (22.72%), 7/110 (6.36%), and 50/110 (45.45%) samples, respectively. A total of 20 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates, 19 Streptococcus sp. isolates, and 15 E. coli isolates were selected, and 100% were positive for (coagulase and hemolysins), streptokinase, and hemolytic activity, respectiv...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
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