Global Health Equity: Cancer Care Outcome Disparities in High-, Middle-, and Low-Income Countries REVIEW ARTICLES
Breakthroughs in our global fight against cancer have been achieved. However, this progress has been unequal. In low- and middle-income countries and for specific populations in high-income settings, many of these advancements are but an aspiration and hope for the future. This review will focus on health disparities in cancer within and across countries, drawing from examples in Kenya, Brazil, and the United States. Placed in context with these examples, the authors also draw basic recommendations from several initiatives and groups that are working on the issue of global cancer disparities, including the US Institute of Medicine, the Global Task Force on Expanded Access to Cancer Care and Control in Developing Countries, and the Union for International Cancer Control. From increasing initiatives in basic resources in low-income countries to rapid learning systems in high-income countries, the authors argue that beyond ethics and equity issues, it makes economic sense to invest in global cancer control, especially in low- and middle-income countries.
This study investigates the distribution of femoral metastases in cancer patients, specifically addressing the incidence of distal femoral metastases. PET/CT examinations routinely extend only to mid-thigh level, precluding detection of distal metastases. We found a total of 208 femoral metastases in 112 patients. 30% had distal femoral metastases in addition to other areas of involvement. 7% of patients with femoral metastases had only distal femur disease. 6 patients had distal pathologic fractures. Exclusion of the distal femur during PET/CT may result in a missed or delayed diagnosis that could contribute to the develo...
Authors: Xu H, Dong L, Bin Z, Yansong H, Shaofeng L, Chang L, Chen C, Changli W Abstract Despite the excellent efficacy and low toxicity of photoresponse therapy, which has attracted considerable attention for use in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) therapy, unsatisfactory cellular permeability, and instability, both in vitro and in vivo have limited further clinical applications of indole cyanine photosensitizers. Here, we explore the supramolecular self-assembly of a 'hyalurosome' that is mediated by calcium phosphate nanonuclei. Through hyaluronate-mediated CD44 targeting, the constructed hyalurosome...
To identify the independent risk factors of concurrent endometrial cancer among women with endometrial hyperplasia and build the clinical prediction model incorporating the clinical and pathological markers.
We aim to present a modified colpocleisis technique for management of a stage 4 POP after a radical cystectomy/ anterior pelvic exenteration. Additionally, we will briefly review urothelial cancer and surgical management as it relates to gynecology.
To determine the adherence to the recommended practices for performing a risk-reducing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (RRBSO) as described by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and Society of Gynecologic Oncology. We sought to determine if adherence differed by type of training i.e., gynecologic oncologists versus benign gynecologists. Additionally, we aimed to determine the incidence of ovarian cancer diagnosed at the time of RRBSO in a large cohort of patients with a BRCA mutation.
The increasing number of cancer patients and prolonged periods of illness have led to an increase in nurses' stress and various other problems. This research aimed to identify the stress resulting from caring for cancer patients and the methods for coping with stress among cancer care nurses. The research subjects were 180 clinical nurses caring for cancer patients in a hospital in Korea. Stress caused by excessive workloads, inappropriate compensation, and interpersonal conflicts with physicians was high. There was a difference in stress according to age. Coping strategies differed according to religion, education, occupa...
How do alcohol consumption and smoking interact with familial risk for breast cancer?Breast Cancer Research
A two ‐stage multicomponent parenchymal sparing surgical strategy (anatomical extended on left hepatic vein 2‐nd segment liver resection and R1vascular approach) allows the successful resection of synchronous multiple bilobar CRC metastases. AbstractA two ‐stage multicomponent parenchymal sparing surgical strategy (anatomical extended on left hepatic vein 2‐nd segment liver resection and R1vascular approach) allows the successful resection of synchronous multiple bilobar CRC metastases.
Authors: Ouh YT, Min KJ PMID: 32100490 [PubMed - in process]