A Vision for Global Cancer Medicine: Pursuing the Equity of Chance REVIEW ARTICLES

At the turn of the century, some claimed that HIV/AIDS was a disease that could not be managed in low-income settings. It was argued that "poor people would not comply with treatment," and that treatment was too expensive and too complicated to deliver. But over the past two decades, data on outcomes have thoroughly disproved this myth. Similar arguments have more recently been made about cancer treatment: chemotherapy was said to be too toxic and too costly and that it required administration expertise beyond that available in low-income settings. We argue that these claims are similarly rooted in ideology rather than evidence. Fortunately, such claims are starting to be refuted by a diverse set of global cancer partnerships around the world that are documenting progress and positive results. In this review article, we provide examples of programs that can give us reason to hope that the treatment playing field is being leveled such that birthplace does not determine survival prognosis. We believe that through strong collaborative efforts and solidarity, the equity of chance can be achieved for patients with cancer worldwide.
Source: Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research

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Abstract Osteosarcoma is an aggressive bone cancer found in children and adolescents. The surgical removal of tumour and chemotherapy combined treatment for osteosarcoma has been widely accepted approach. However, the drug resistance developed by tumour cells resulted in recurrence of cancer. It is imperative to understand the molecular mechanism involved in the development of drug resistance and tumour progression for developing potential therapy. Tumour microenvironment and cellular cross talk via activation of various signalling pathways are responsible for tumour progression and metastasis. The comprehend revi...
Source: Current Drug Metabolism - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Drug Metab Source Type: research
By JOHN JAMES, ROBERT R. SCULLY, CASEY QUINLAN, BILL ADAMS, HELEN HASKELL, and POPPY ARFORD Political forces trying to shape and reshape American healthcare without hearing the voice of patients provided the rationale for this work. Our experiences as patients, caregivers, and users of media sources cause us to worry. The Patient Council of the Right Care Alliance developed 6 questions to form a national survey of Americans to guide policy makers. The questions and our rationale were as follows: 1) Finding a doctor I can trust. Trust in our doctors is not as high as it once was. There are stories of serious patient a...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Policy Patients Research Patient Council of the Right Care Alliance Patient Experience Source Type: blogs
Adults with HIV whose cancers are treated with chemotherapy or radiotherapy experience significant reductions in CD4 count, which are linked to increased mortality, compared with those who have surgery or other treatment, according to findings from an observational study.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV/AIDS News Source Type: news
Whasun Lim In human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), various miRNAs can function as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. We investigated miRNAs known to be involved in EOC progression and analyzed their expression in tissues and serum-derived exosomes from benign serous cystadenoma, borderline serous tumor, low-grade serous ovarian cancer, and high-grade serous ovarian cancer patients (HGSO). The HGSO group was divided based on the platinum-free interval, which is defined as the duration from the completion of platinum-based chemotherapy to recurrence. We also analyzed the mRNA levels of target genes that can...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
MONDAY, Nov. 18, 2019 -- Using herbal products to treat breast cancer that's spread to the skin could slow wound healing and interfere with chemotherapy or hormone treatment, an expert warns. Many patients try herbal products and creams to treat...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 31 October 2019Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Mohammadjavad Jahanshahi, Elaheh Kowsari, Vahid Haddadi-Asl, Mehdi Khoobi, Jong Hyun Lee, Firoz Babu Kadumudi, Sepehr Talebian, Nazila Kamaly, Mehdi MehraliAbstractFluorinated graphene has recently gained much attention for cancer drug delivery, owing to its peculiar properties including high electronegativity difference, magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent, and the photothermal effect. However, the hydrophobic nature of fluorinated graphene greatly hinders its application as a biological material. Herein, a nov...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractThe incidence of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndromes (t-MDS) has been increasing with the widespread use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) therapy for HIV and chemotherapy for AIDS-related cancers. The classical dysplastic features in the granulocytes and megakaryocytes may not be easily appreciated. The most reliable distinguishing feature between the hematopoietic dysplasia of t-MDS and that of HIV infection rests on the identification of MDS-related cytogenetic aberrations. Here we report a patient with well-controlled HIV and history of chemotherapy for invasive anal squamous cell carcinoma ...
Source: Journal of Hematopathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
In conclusion, a polypharmacology approach of combining established, prolongevity drug inhibitors of specific nodes may be the most effective way to target the nutrient-sensing network to improve late-life health. Deletion of p38α in Neurons Slows Neural Stem Cell Decline and Loss of Cognitive Function in Mice https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/10/deletion-of-p38%ce%b1-in-neurons-slows-neural-stem-cell-decline-and-loss-of-cognitive-function-in-mice/ Researchers here provide evidence for p38α to be involved in the regulation of diminished neural stem cell activity with age. It is thought...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Long-lived senescent cells accumulate with age, initially quite slowly as they are efficiently removed by the immune system when their own programmed cell death processes fail, but once the immune system starts to decline with age, the burden of cellular senescence ramps up dramatically. Senescent cells secrete a potent mix of signals known as a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). It spurs chronic inflammation, destructively remodels nearby tissue, encourages nearby cells to also become senescent, and causes all sorts of other issues as well. It is very harmful, and the more senescent cells there are, the wor...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
ConclusionIt is important to maintain a suspicion for GI tract metastasis in breast cancer patients who present with abdominal mass or GI symptoms, as this aids in prompt institution of accurate and appropriate management.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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