Music therapy increases effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation for COPD patients
(The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine) Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and other chronic respiratory disorders who received music therapy in conjunction with standard rehabilitation saw an improvement in symptoms, psychological well-being and quality of life compared to patients receiving rehabilitation alone, according to a new study by researchers at The Louis Armstrong Center of Music and Medicine at Mount Sinai Beth Israel (MSBI).
Authors: Nian L, Weidong Z, Shujuan L, Jun C, Minlian P, Zhiguang L Abstract The present study was carried out to evolve an effective treatment strategy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Astaxanthin (AS) is abundantly present in red pigments of crustaceans, and has also been proven to have considerable biological activities. The anti-inflammatory effect of AS was evaluated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-exposed RAW264.7 macrophages. It was found that AS markedly inhibited elevation of NO and pro-inflammatory mediators. Moreover, it downregulated iNOS in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, suppressed the rel...
Condition: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Intervention: Device: VitaBreath device Sponsors: Northumbria University; North Tyneside General Hospital Not yet recruiting
Millions of Americans suffer from respiratory diseases, including Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Together, these two diseases affect the day-to-day lives of over 40 million patients in the U.S. Furthermore, respiratory allergies affect 10 percent of children under the age of 18. Not only do these diseases impact day-to-day functioning, but they can also be life-threatening.
Using data from a large randomised controlled trial of adults hospitalised with acute respiratory illness, we examined the reliability of pneumonia diagnosis on discharge documentation. 50 (28.2%) of 177 patients with a pneumonia diagnosis had no radiological evidence of pneumonia. 67 (34.9%) of 192 patients with clinico-radiological evidence of pneumonia did not have a diagnosis of pneumonia listed; ‘COPD exacerbation’ or ‘lower respiratory tract infection’ was often listed instead. These patients more frequently had a respiratory comorbidity and lower oxygen saturations, CRP and temperature at presentation.
Conclusion: Incorrect computerized interpretation of atrial fibrillation, combined with the failure of the ordering physician to correct the erroneous interpretation, can result in the initiation of unnecessary, potentially harmful medical treatment as well as inappropriate use of medical resources. Greater efforts should be directed toward educating physicians about the electrocardiographic appearance of atrial dysrhythmias and in the recognition of confounding artifacts.
Recruitment and retention are two significant barriers in research, particularly for historically underrepresented groups, including racial and ethnic minorities, patients who are low-income, or people with su...
This study provides data comparing nationwide acute complication rates following different breast cancer surgeries. These can be used to inform patients during surgical decision making.
Jiang-Hua Wu, Mei Zhou, Yang Jin, Zhao-Ji Meng, Xian-Zhi Xiong, Sheng-Wen Sun, Shuai-Ying Miao, Hong-Li Han, Xiao-Nan Tao
(Natural News) We’ve all heard that if you quit smoking, your lungs will repair themselves over the course of several years. In fact, the American Heart Association says that lung function starts to improve after as little as two weeks without smoking, and by nine months, breathing improves dramatically. However, this is not the case...