Ovarian Cancer Screening Could Reduce Deaths By As Much As 20 Percent

Regular screening for ovarian cancer is not the norm. The American Cancer Society's official stance is that there are "no good tests for finding ovarian cancer early." And other experts point to a lack of evidence that screening can save lives.  But a new study published in the medical journal Lancet found that screening all women -- as opposed to just those with heightened risk -- could reduce ovarian cancer deaths by as much as 20 percent over a 14 year period. To put that in perspective, screening is nearly as successful at preventing ovarian cancer deaths as mammograms, which are recommended for all women and have been shown to prevent breast cancer deaths. "The findings are of importance given the limited progress in treatment outcomes for ovarian cancer over the last 30 years," said Usha Menon, one of the lead researchers of the trial and a professor at the Institute for Women’s Health at University College London.  Currently, women with an above average risk of ovarian cancer -- such as those who have struggled with infertility or have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer -- are encouraged to consider one of two tests for ovarian cancer: a blood test that looks for the protein CA-125 (a protein produced by advanced ovarian tumors) or a transvaginal ultrasound, which is used to detect tumors by sight.  In the Lancet experiment, the researchers used those tools on women with no heigh...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

Related Links:

Abstract The combination of doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide commonly used to treat breast cancer can cause premature ovarian failure and infertility. α-Tocopherol is a potent antioxidant whereas γ-tocopherol causes apoptosis in a variety of cancer models in vitro including breast cancer. We hypothesised that the combination of doxorubicin (Dox) and 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-Cyc) would be more cytotoxic in vitro than each agent alone, and that α-tocopherol would reduce and γ-tocopherol would augment the cytotoxicity of the combined chemotherapeutics. Human MCF-7 breast cancer and KGN...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Cancer treatment — and cancer itself — can threaten fertility. This is a tremendously important survivorship issue for many people. As an oncologist, I’m often asked questions about preserving fertility during cancer treatment. If this issue affects you, here is an overview of key options. When should you talk to your cancer team about fertility? Future children may not be foremost on your mind when you are diagnosed with cancer. Soon afterward, though, it’s worth talking to your doctor about fertility issues, if this is important to you now or might one day become important. Your doctor can explain...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Cancer Fertility Infertility Source Type: blogs
AbstractSome studies have suggested that infertility is a risk factor for endometrial, ovarian and breast cancer. The study aimed to create a comprehensive picture of the association between infertility and the risk of ovarian, endometrial and breast cancer, and whether any association could be explained by ovulatory disturbances, endometriosis or nulliparity. In a population-based cohort of 2,882,847 women, cox regression analysis was used to investigate cancer incidence among infertile women. Overall, infertility was associated with a higher incidence rate of ovarian (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 1.53, 95% confidence inte...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Fertility preservation (FP) protocols in case of breast cancer (BC) include mature oocyte cryopreservation following letrozole associated controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (Let-COH). To date, the impact of L...
Source: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ere I Abstract BACKGROUND: Fertility preservation (FP) protocols in case of breast cancer (BC) include mature oocyte cryopreservation following letrozole associated controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (Let-COH). To date, the impact of Let-COH on the follicular microenvironment has been poorly investigated, although a high androgen/estrogen ratio was previously associated with low oocyte quality. METHODS: In this prospective study, follicular fluid (FF) steroid levels (estradiol, testosterone, progesterone) and cumulus cell (CC) gene expression related to oocyte quality (HAS2, PTGS2, GREM1) were compared betwe...
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
Authors: Cui W, Stern C, Hickey M, Goldblatt F, Anazodo A, Stevenson WS, Phillips KA Abstract Alkylating chemotherapy is often used to treat pre-menopausal women for various malignancies and autoimmune diseases. Chemotherapy-associated ovarian failure is a potential consequence of this treatment which can cause infertility, and increases the risk of other long term adverse health sequelae. Randomised trials, predominantly of women undergoing alkylating chemotherapy for breast cancer, have shown evidence for the efficacy of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) in preventing chemotherapy-associated ovarian...
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
AbstractWomen with a germline pathogenic variant in the BReast CAncer susceptibility genes (BRCA1 orBRCA2) have an increased risk of early-onset breast and ovarian cancer. In addition to weighing cancer screening and risk-reduction options, healthy BRCA mutation carriers of childbearing age may choose to preclude passing the mutation to the next generation. In the current study, we report on preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) practices in BRCA-positive Israeli women who were offered PGD at no cost. Methods: we measured PGD uptake, decision satisfaction or regret, and predictors of uptake. Of the 70 participant female ...
Source: Journal of Genetic Counseling - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
A lot of people are very worried whether IVF is safe or not, and many infertile couples are not allowed to do IVF by their family members, because they are concerned about the side effects of IVF - both on the mother , and the baby. After all, they believe that in an IVF cycle we're pumping the mother full of powerful hormonal injections – surely these are going to have some adverse effects on the body.Thus, many people believe that these hormones increase the risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer ; or that an IVF patient will run out of eggs faster and become menopausal sooner, because the IVF cycle “ uses ...
Source: Dr.Malpani's Blog - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: blogs
We report a case of a 42-year-old woman with a history of bilateral ductal carcinoma of the breast who underwent radical mastectomy with chemotherapy and radiotherapy was anxious to conceive. In vitro fertilization was performed with donor oocyte; the patient became pregnant and delivered a full term baby with no congenital anomalies. As very few have a background for providing guidance and treatment in this setting, this report highlights the possibility of improving the quality of reproductive life of young survivors by various assisted reproductive techniques, the importance of fertility preservation and a multidisciplinary team approach.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur finding of an increased risk of HGSC associated with PID lends support to the hypothesis that inflammatory processes may be involved in the etiology of HGSC.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Breast Cancer | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Eyes | Health | Infertility | Mammography | Men | Ovarian Cancer | Ovaries | Reproduction Medicine | Science | Study | Ultrasound | Websites | Women