Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy for harmful tobacco use and tobacco dependency.

[Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy for harmful tobacco use and tobacco dependency]. Nervenarzt. 2015 Dec 14; Authors: Batra A, Petersen KU, Hoch E, Mann K, Kröger C, Schweizer C, Jähne A, Rüther T, Thürauf N, Mühlig S Abstract Tobacco consumption is one of the major preventable health risk factors. In Germany approximately 110,000 people prematurely die from tobacco-related diseases and approximately 50 % of regular smokers are considered to be tobacco dependent. Nevertheless, motivation to quit smoking is low and the long-term abstinence rates after attempts to stop smoking without professional support are far below 10 %. As part of the S3 treatment guidelines 78 recommendations for motivation and early interventions for smokers unwilling to quit as well as psychotherapeutic and pharmacological support for smokers willing to quit were formulated after an systematic search of the current literature. More than 50 professional associations adopted the recommendations and background information in a complex certification process. In this article the scientific evidence base regarding the psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatment options as well as recommendations and further information about indications and treatment implementation are presented. By following these guidelines for treatment of heavy smokers who are willing to quit combined with individual and group therapies on the basis of behavioral treatment s...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research

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Authors: Horita R, Kawamoto A, Nishio A, Sado T, Locke BD, Yamamoto M Abstract There is currently no reliable and valid multidimensional instrument for measuring psychological symptoms among Japanese university students. The purpose of this pilot study was to translate the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62) into Japanese and evaluate its validity and reliability. Following robust translation procedures, the CCAPS-Japanese was created. In the validation study, 2,758 undergraduate students from 11 universities (mean age = 19.08 ± 1.85 years) completed the CCAPS-Japanese. The r...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
This study's aim was to explore the associations between external shame, self-criticism, social stress reactivity, and social functioning difficulties and understand the mediator role of shame and self-criticism in the relationship between social stress reactivity and social functioning. Seventy-seven participants with a psychotic disorder filled in self-reported measures of stress reactivity, shame, and self-criticism and were clinically evaluated for social functioning. To study the associations between variables in the study, Spearman correlation coefficients were used. The PROCESS macro was used to test the sequential ...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
The phrase “sacred masculine” can evoke images of patriarchal religiosity.  But it has a different meaning for today’s guest. For Miguel Dean, the sacred masculine is an ideal, embodied by a man who accepts all of his emotions, understands the connectedness of humanity, and is devoted to helping others. Join us as Miguel explains how the sacred masculine is increasingly being recognized as a new model of masculinity to replace the old ideas of what it meant to be a man. This new man embraces all of his humanity and recognizes that part of this is the courage to feel, express and honor the full spect...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Ethics & Morality General Inspiration & Hope Interview LifeHelper Men's Issues Podcast Relationships Self-Help Spirituality The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
The meet-cute is neatly postponed in this entertaining story of two next-door neighbours, both seeing therapists and looking for loveMuch like the process of psychotherapy itself, patience is required for results while watching this modestly entertaining slow-burn Parisian romance fromC édric Klapisch, who pulls off a neat trick by bumping the meet-cute to the end of the film.What happens before his protagonists clap eyes on each other is a kind of emotional spring clean. Both of them, a man and woman in their early 30s, are struggling with anxiety and stress; they find their way to therapy and sift through their se...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Romance films Psychology France World news Science Europe Culture Paris Source Type: news
Condition:   Opioid Use Disorder Intervention:   Drug: Psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy Sponsors:   University of Wisconsin, Madison;   Heffter Research Institute Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Naets T, Vervoort L, Tanghe A, Braet C Abstract Training self-control as the assumed underlying mechanism for weight loss is a promising pathway for improving long-term outcomes of childhood multidisciplinary obesity treatment (MOT). The present study is the first to analyse adherence to e-health self-control training in paediatric obesity. We hypothesized that low adherence would relate to child characteristics and to contextual treatment barriers. Participants were recruited as a part of a larger randomized controlled trial, evaluating an e-health self-control training during inpatient MOT (intensive pha...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Sleep disorders in neurology and psychiatry are a heterogeneous group of disorders with diverse manifestations. Their proper diagnosis and treatment can help prevent secondary diseases and the worsening of concomitant conditions. Care structures for the treatment of sleep disorders should be further developed. PMID: 31709972 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
This article introduces positive psychodrama as a framework for practice and research that builds on a sustainable and growing body of research indicating that a complete notion of mental health consists not only of the absence of mental illness symptoms but also the presence of mental health indicators. I address the question of how does psychodrama look through the lens of positive psychology. After an overview of psychodrama background and research, positive concepts in J. L. Moreno’s psychodrama theory and philosophy are revisited and linked to contemporary positive psychology literature. Empirically-supported po...
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Authors: Kim K, Jeon HJ Abstract With vigorous researches related to novel treatment in psychiatric field, paradigm shift is emerging with its design and assessment. Comprehension of the psychiatric phenomenon expanded beyond disease model, with dimensional approach. Assessment of patients' clinical state includes subjective reports related to problematic symptoms, functional change, and quality of life. They also include objective findings collected from mobile e-wearable monitoring system and advanced neuroimaging modalities. Novel treatment protocols are not just limited to pharmacology itself or psychotherapy i...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 November 2019Source: The Arts in PsychotherapyAuthor(s): Agata Vitale, Nigar G. Khawaja, Judy RyderAbstractThe current study aimed to understand the experiences of refugee women living with HIV as they participated in the Tree of Life (ToL), a group-based narrative intervention. A qualitative case study methodology was used. Five African refugee women took part in the study. The ToL consisted of seven two-hourly sessions conducted on weekly basis. Further, participants completed a feedback form after each session, and they were individually interviewed on completion of the ToL. The res...
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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