What We Know (And Don't Know) About Melatonin's Effects On Kids

In increasing numbers, parents around the country are turning to over-the-counter melatonin in hopes that the drug will help their kids sleep better. But how effective -- and how safe -- is it? Science doesn't yet point to clear answers. Here's where we stand. What we do know is that the melatonin parents are purchasing at drug and health-food stores to help their children sleep is a synthetic form of a hormone that our brains naturally produce to help us fall asleep. Melatonin is a “biomarker” of what are known as circadian rhythms, or a complex network of internal “clocks” which regulates not only sleep, but virtually every body function. Melatonin is normally released in the evening (prompted by darkness) and is at low levels by morning and during the day (when light is more plentiful). There is strong scientific evidence that melatonin can shorten the time to fall asleep when given close to bedtime in doses ranging from 1 to 5 mg to children with ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), autism or other neurodevelopmental disorders and who also have insomnia. The evidence points to similar benefits in children without these disorders. There is much less evidence, however, that melatonin, even the “extended release” forms, helps children stay asleep. And it should be emphasized that there are many reasons why children may have trouble falling asleep (including restless legs symptoms, anxiety and a too-early bedtime), so melatoni...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Oon-Arom A, Wongpakaran T, Satthapisit S, Saisavoey N, Kuntawong P, Wongpakaran N Abstract Attachment styles reflect interpersonal relationship patterns in many ways. Although there is increasing evidence regarding the relationship between attachment styles and suicidality in adults, few studies have been conducted among the elderly population. Present study aims to investigate the link between attachment style and risk of suicidality in elderly people. A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data among geriatric outpatients at psychiatric clinics in xxxx with respect to whether patients had depressive dis...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
This study answers this call by developing and evaluating the benefits of a peer-led compassionate meditation program to help students of color heal from race-related stress. To date, no studies have examined whether compassionate meditation (a specific type of meditation) can be used as a therapeutic tool to address racial stress. This article discusses the formative process for developing and pilot-testing the effects of this culturally responsive 8-session compassionate meditation program with Asian American college students. Despite a small sample size, results were promising. and participants evidenced decreases in ge...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Marcos Herrera-Vaquero, Danielle Bouquio, Martin Kallab, Karl Biggs, Gayatri Nair, Jessica Ochoa, Antonio Heras-Garvin, Christian Heid, Inesa Hadrovic, Werner Poewe, Gregor K. Wenning, Frank-Gerrit Klärner, Thomas Schrader, Gal Bitan, Nadia StefanovaAbstractMultiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal, adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder that has no cure and very limited treatment options. MSA is characterized by deposition of fibrillar α-synuclein (α-syn) in glial cytoplasmic in...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
The purpose of this study was to examine associations between perceived neighborhood safety and mental health burdens among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in Paris, France. Participants were recruited through a geosocial networkin...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Perception and Communication, Warnings, Operating Instructions Source Type: news
We examined depression and anxiety as mediators of the linkage between percei...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Previous research has used an ego depletion perspective to establish a self-regulatory model linking sleep deprivation to unethical behavior via depletion (Barnes, Schaubroeck, Huth,&Ghumman, 2011; Christian&Ellis, 2011; Welsh, Ellis, Christian,&Mai,...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Any advice on dealing with a separation/divorce as a medical student (or just in general)? I asked to separate last week, and I start my second year of medical school next week. We have had problems before med school was even really on the table, however the realization of the end of the relationship is pretty intense. I am actually really ready to get back to school to distract me from all the emotional BS, but I am having pretty bad anxiety right now. The first few days were pretty... Divorce as a medical student
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medical Students - MD Source Type: forums
Swatting a Fly Without Killing It May Cause It Pain for the Rest of Its Life, Study Finds — Gizmodo Barely missing a fatal slap at a bothersome fly might be a headache for both of you, according to new research from scientists at the University of Sydney. They say they’ve found evidence that insects are capable of feeling chronic pain after an injury, much like we do. What’s more, studying why... apple.news Treatment algorithms? CBT?
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pain Medicine Source Type: forums
(This post is also on reddit: ) Hi friends, I thought I would provide a post for people who are entering medical school and some tips for balancing life and school. When I entered my first semester of medical school, I had heard time and time again that "you won't have time to do anything other than study." Really? No time to eat? No time to cook? No time to sleep? No time for friends? I really suffered because I took this... ADVICE: Incoming Med Students: Balancing your life
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medical Students - MD Source Type: forums
Condition:   Obstructive Sleep Apnea Interventions:   Device: Continuous Positive Airway Pressure CPAP;   Drug: Telmisartan 80mg;   Dietary Supplement: Alpha-Lipoic Acid 600mg;   Other: Microcrystalline Cellulose Sponsors:   University of British Columbia;   Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada;   Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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