Active and secondhand smoking both linked to early menopause

ConclusionWe hardly need more evidence to show smoking is bad for our health, but the suggestion that it may slightly increase the risk of an early menopause and chances of having problems getting pregnant could be important to some women. More surprising is that high levels of secondhand smoke exposure may also have a similar effect.This is a big study with a lot of detailed information about smoking and fertility. But it has some important limitations. It uses quite old data taken from a study of women who were in middle age in the 1990s. Smoking habits have changed a lot in the last 20 years, not only for active smoking but for passive smoking, too. For example, these women would have been children in the 40s and 50s, when people smoking in the home was far more commonplace than it is now. This means a similar study now might have different results. The results also rely on women aged 50 to 79 accurately remembering events that happened in their childhood and early adulthood. Also, because the study was cross-sectional, we don't know how the women's behaviour changed over time. For example, a woman might have started smoking after she'd finished trying for children, which means it could not have affected her chances of infertility. Observational studies can't prove one factor causes another, so we don't know that smoking or smoke exposure were the direct cause of earlier menopause or fertility problems. Although the researchers did attempt to take account of various socioe...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Heart/lungs Older people Pregnancy/child Source Type: news

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The objective of this compound is to decrease the rate of rectal toxicity related to radiation therapy, by creating a gap between the prostate and rectum. Secondary benefits include decreased urinary complications and improved sexual quality of life. The hydrogel spacer maintains space for approximately 3 months, and is absorbed in about 6 months.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 43: Follow Your Gut Source Type: research
To evaluate the efficacy and clinical impact of 3 Tesla in-bore trans-rectal magnetic resonance-guided biopsy (3T MRGB) for prostate cancer (PCa) detection based on PIRADSv2 in patients with either suspected prostate cancer or under active surveillance.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 43: Follow Your Gut Source Type: research
We describe our experience using MRI fused CBCT guidance for prostate biopsy. There are no published reports on the use of CBCT guidance in prostate biopsies. We hypothesize this technique will have an adequate safety profile while accurately detecting prostate cancer.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 39: Needle in a Haystack (Biopsies) Source Type: research
Image-guided thermal ablation has become the standard of care for treating early stage liver cancer. However, a significant limitation to a successful ablation procedure is the heat-sink effect, which may lead to suboptimal thermal dose delivery. Currently, there is no reliable method for quantifying the heat-sink effect due to limited information on blood vessel flow and its associated anatomy relative to the ablation zone. The purpose of this study was to use 4D-flow MRI to map out liver flow patterns and correlate flow rates with ablation zone volumes.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 38: All Kinds of Thermal Source Type: research
Biphenotypic hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (HCC-CC) is a rare type of primary liver cancer that carries a poor prognosis. Since most patients present at a stage too advanced for surgical resection, loco-regional liver directed therapy is often performed for palliative or downstaging purposes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate patient outcomes after Yttrium-90 radioembolization (Y90) in patients with HCC-CC.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 34: Y-90 Y Not (Radioembolization II) Source Type: research
Immunotherapy is a paradigm-shifting advance in cancer care, but the overall response rates remain low. There has been a renaissance in the concept of promoting the immune-responsiveness of the tumor immune microenvironment via intratumoral (IT) delivery of immunostimulatory agents. However, the optimal method for IT delivery of such medications that maximizes IT dispersion while minimizing perilesional leakage and systemic distribution is unknown. The purpose of this study was to characterize IT drug distribution and its influence on drug efficacy using conventional end-hole needles (EHNs) versus multi-sidehole needles (MSHN).
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 33: IO IO, It ’s Off to Work We Go Source Type: research
Ports and gastrostomy/gastrojejunostomy tubes (G/GJ-tubes) are common devices utilized during treatment of oncology patients. Combining port and G/GJ-tube placement into a single session can be advantageous from both patient care and resource utilization perspectives. We compared the rates of infection and other device complications in patients receiving a port and G/GJ-tube in one session compared with receiving the devices in two sessions.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 32: Gastrointestinal Interventions Source Type: research
We report a novel procedure for primary direct percutaneous jejunostomy under fluoroscopic guidance, utilizing a low profile technique which makes placement safe and efficacious.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 32: Gastrointestinal Interventions Source Type: research
To examine the efficacy of image-guided percutaneous interventions in pain and local tumor control in the treatment of osseous metastases from breast cancer.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 31: You ’re So Hip (MSK) Source Type: research
To investigate the safety and efficacy of irreversible electroporation (IRE) for the management of locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) in the Korean population.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology : JVIR - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Scientific Session 29: Feel The Burn (Ablation) Source Type: research
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