Tobacco Exposure and Infertility, Early Menopause

Researchers found link between both types of exposure and women's health problems
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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We report a case of a rectal-vaginal mass found during a routine pelvic exam in a 60-years-old asymptomatic menopausal woman, with no history of hormone replacement therapy, chronic pelvic pain, infertility or previous gynecological surgery.
Source: The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: IMAGES IN Gynecological Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Ye F, Cao W, Lin J, Du Y, Lan L, Dong Y, Zhu J, Zhou Q, Pan X, Lu Y, Zeng F, Xia B, Wang L Abstract To compare the clinical outcomes of intrauterine insemination (IUI) with or without ovulation induction (OI), IUI cycles from January 2008 to December 2017 in Zhoushan Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital were included, consisting of 455 natural cycles and 536 OI cycles. The overall clinical pregnancy rate did not differ between the two groups (P> 0.05). Stratified by OI medications such as clomiphene (CC), human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), the pregnancy rates ...
Source: BioScience Trends - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biosci Trends Source Type: research
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), also known as premature ovarian insufficiency, premature menopause, and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, is the loss of ovary function before the age of 40 [1]. POI occurs in 1% of the general population, affects 10% of non-ovulating women, and causes infertility and a deficiency in sex steroid production [2]. POI is diagnosed by elevated gonadotropin levels, including levels of serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)>40 IU/L after puberty. Recently proposed guidelines for POI diagnosis include a serum FSH  > 30 IU/L after puberty [3].
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Zheng W, Cao L, Xu Z, Ma Y, Liang X Abstract Endometriosis is caused by the growth or infiltration of endometrial tissues outside of the endometrium and myometrium. Symptoms include pain and infertility. Surgery and hormonal therapy are widely used in Western medicine for the treatment of endometriosis; however, the side effects associated with this practice include disease recurrence and menopause, which can severely influence quality of life. Angiogenesis is the main biological mechanism underlying the development of endometriosis. Numerous natural products and Chinese medicines with potent anti-angiogen...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Cui W, Stern C, Hickey M, Goldblatt F, Anazodo A, Stevenson WS, Phillips KA Abstract Alkylating chemotherapy is often used to treat pre-menopausal women for various malignancies and autoimmune diseases. Chemotherapy-associated ovarian failure is a potential consequence of this treatment which can cause infertility, and increases the risk of other long term adverse health sequelae. Randomised trials, predominantly of women undergoing alkylating chemotherapy for breast cancer, have shown evidence for the efficacy of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) in preventing chemotherapy-associated ovarian...
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
A lot of people are very worried whether IVF is safe or not, and many infertile couples are not allowed to do IVF by their family members, because they are concerned about the side effects of IVF - both on the mother , and the baby. After all, they believe that in an IVF cycle we're pumping the mother full of powerful hormonal injections – surely these are going to have some adverse effects on the body.Thus, many people believe that these hormones increase the risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer ; or that an IVF patient will run out of eggs faster and become menopausal sooner, because the IVF cycle “ uses ...
Source: Dr.Malpani's Blog - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: The patients of SLCT can present with hormonal magnification and manifest high AFP, CA125, and T levels. SLCT is characterized by a solid or mixed solid-cystic mass on CT/MR scans, and shows marked or moderated heterogeneous and constantly enhancement upon postcontrast study. The clinical characteristics and imaging findings are features and appropriated imaging should be performed whenever an SLCT is suspected.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive, endocrine, and metabolic disorder affecting millions of women worldwide. Women with PCOS are often identified in adolescence or early adulthood with symptoms of oligomenorrhea or hirsutism or when presenting for infertility care. The health risks associated out of PCOS, however, go far beyond management of these common presenting symptoms or fertility treatment and likely extend past the reproductive years through and beyond menopause. International surveys suggest that most patients are dissatisfied with long-term counseling related to medical and psychologic issues.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Views and reviews Source Type: research
AbstractMenopur® is a highly purified, urine-derived, human menopausal gonadotropin containing both follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) activity. It is an effective option for controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) in assisted reproductive technology protocols and for ovulation induction (OI) in anovulatory infertility, and is associated with a different endocrine profile from that of recombinant (r) FSH in these settings (in terms of serum levels of FSH, androgens and/or estradiol). When used for COS in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), Men...
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The compiled results indicate that despite the multifactorial etiology of sexual/reproductive dysfunction, nutritional factors may affect the sexual and reproductive health in both men and women. However, it is necessary further studies to clarify this association, and simultaneously improve the approach and treatment of patients with sexual and/or reproductive problems. PMID: 30255750 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Biotechnol Source Type: research
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