Ethiopia: Polio Vaccination Programme Launched

[Ethiopian Herald] The launching of the programme is instrumental in pre-empting the spread of the virus in the city and the country as a whole.
Source: AllAfrica News: Polio - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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In this study, we aimed to evaluate the immunological protectivity of infants following four doses of bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV; Bio Farma), which were given simultaneously with DTwP-Hb-Hib (Pentabio®), along with one dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) at the fourth visit. A total of 143 newborn infants who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were enrolled and completed the study. Subjects received the first dose of bOPV at birth. On days 60, 90 and 120, bOPV was given simultaneously with Pentabio®. On day 120, one dose of IPV was also administered. Serum samples for serology analysis were collected ...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Abstract Schools are increasingly being used to deliver vaccines. In 2015/16 three school-based vaccination programmes were delivered to adolescents in England: human papillomavirus (HPV), meningococcal groups A, C, W and Y disease (MenACWY) and tetanus, diphtheria and polio (Td/IPV). We assessed how school delivery models impact vaccine coverage and how a delivery model for one programme may impact another. Routinely collected national data were analysed to ascertain the school grade achieving highest coverage within each one-dose programme and to compare two-dose delivery models (within year vs across years) for...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
AbstractNearly 20 years after the year 2000 target for global wild poliovirus (WPV) eradication, live polioviruses continue to circulate with all three serotypes posing challenges for the polio endgame. We updated a global differential equation ‐based poliovirus transmission and stochastic risk model to include programmatic and epidemiological experience through January 2020. We used the model to explore the likely dynamics of poliovirus transmission for 2019–2023, which coincides with a new Global Polio Eradication Initiative Strategi c Plan. The model stratifies the global population into 72 blocks, each containi...
Source: Risk Analysis - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
[ANGOP] Luanda -At least five million children were vaccinated in the country in 2019 to fight poliomyelitis during the campaigns promoted by the Ministry of Health, said last Friday in Luanda, the minister S ílvia Lutucuta.
Source: AllAfrica News: Polio - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Condition:   Polio Interventions:   Biological: IMOVAX Inactivated Poliomyelitis Vaccine (IPV);   Biological: dmLT (adjuvant);   Biological: Bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV) Sponsor:   PATH Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsReceiving the birth dose is positively associated with up-to-date status later in childhood, highlighting the importance of starting vaccination early. The association is insensitive to confounding by factors observed in National Immunization Survey-Child, but investigation of unobserved factors such as vaccine hesitancy could provide critical information to guide intervention strategy.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract Current inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) products are sensitive to both freezing and elevated temperatures and therefore must be shipped and stored between 2 °C and 8 °C, a requirement that imposes financial and logistical challenges for global distribution. As such, there is a critical need for a robust, thermally stable IPV to support global polio eradication and post-eradication immunization needs. Here, we present the development of air-dried thin films for temperature stabilization of IPV using the biomaterial silk fibroin. Thin-film product compositions were optimized for physical p...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
We present an alternative, societal framework for economic evaluations that encompasses a broader set of socioeconomic benefits in addition to health benefits. Quantifying a more comprehensive taxonomy of PCV’s benefits will help to address potential undervaluation and may be sufficient not only to justify recommendation and reimbursement but also to stimulate efforts and investment toward closing coverage gaps.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Abstract Insulin quality and efficacy determine glycemic control, which determines quality of life for people with diabetes. Insulin efficacy is reduced by heat exposure, especially in tropical climates, remote areas, and with improper handling. Insulin doses can be adjusted based on blood glucose monitoring, which may compensate for lack of viability. However, a measured response may be difficult with other biopharmaceuticals. Thermochromic vial monitor technology developed for oral polio vaccines (vaccine vial monitors) is an inexpensive, easily available, visible modality which can be used for insulin and other...
Source: Indian Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research
Condition:   Poliomyelitis Interventions:   Biological: sIPV batch 1;   Biological: sIPV batch 2;   Biological: sIPV batch 3 Sponsor:   Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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