Peripheral, central and functional vertigo syndromes.

[Peripheral, central and functional vertigo syndromes]. Nervenarzt. 2015 Dec;86(12):1573-87 Authors: Strupp M, Dieterich M, Zwergal A, Brandt T Abstract Depending on the temporal course, three forms of vertigo syndrome can be differentiated: 1) vertigo attacks, e.g. benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), Menière's disease and vestibular migraine, 2) acute spontaneous vertigo lasting for days, e.g. acute unilateral vestibulopathy, brainstem or cerebellar infarction and 3) symptoms lasting for months or years, e.g. bilateral vestibulopathy and functional vertigo. The specific therapy of the various syndromes is based on three principles: 1) physical treatment with liberatory maneuvers for BPPV and balance training for vestibular deficits, 2) pharmacotherapy, e.g. for acute unilateral vestibulopathy (corticosteroids) and Menière's disease (transtympanic administration of gentamicin or steroids and high-dose betahistine therapy); placebo-controlled pharmacotherapy studies are currently being carried out for acute unilateral vestibulopathy, vestibular paroxysmia, prophylaxis of BPPV, vestibular migraine, episodic ataxia type 2 and cerebellar ataxia; 3) psychotherapy for functional dizziness. PMID: 26643594 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research

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This study was conducted in a cancer referral center, where patients with confirmed systemic cancer sent for a neuro-oncologic consultation from May 2012 to March 2018 were included for review.ResultsOf 3220 patients, 723 were diagnosed with BM, and 204 had vertigo. Of these patients, 22.5% of those who had vertigo were diagnosed to have BM and 6% of those with BM had vertigo as an initial symptom (odds ratio [OR] 0.9; p = 0.9). An additional symptom was present in 104 patients with vertigo. Bivariate regression analysis disclosed a higher risk of having BM in patients with vertigo accompanied by headache (OR18.6; p 
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions: The keys to correctly diagnosing VM is identifying a relationship between vestibular symptoms and migrainous features and being aware of the heterogeneity of manifestations of this enigmatic, but treatable, condition. The principles of treatment of VM include rescue therapy, lifestyle modification, nonpharmacologic migraine preventives, pharmacologic migraine prophylaxis, and treatment of comorbidities.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Disease of the Year: Migraine Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The efficacy of brainstem gliomas—treated with CyberKnife is efficacious with mild toxicity. Introduction Brainstem gliomas (BSGs) account for 5–15% of brain tumors and more likely happen in children (1). BSGs constitute at least 20% of childhood brain neoplasms (2), and the peak age is 7–9 years. In contrast, BSGs is rare in the adult population and account for only 1.5–2.5% of brain glioma, with a peak age of 40–70 years (1). Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma(DIPG) was the most common type of BSG is that could invade the whole brainstem including midbrain, pons as well as me...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractA 21-year-old female presented with headache, nausea and vomiting, dysarthria, difficulty finding words, vertigo, episodical diplopia and an abnormal gait since 2  days. Additionally, we found marked ataxia and disturbed liver chemistry whilst her infection parameters were low. Her head CT scan was unremarkable, but her MRI scan showed leptomeningeal enhancement along the cerebellar folia. A lumbar punction revealed mononuclear leucocytosis and increased pro tein in her cerebrospinal fluid. She was admitted on a working diagnosis of herpes simplex encephalitis. Shortly after admission, she had a generalised se...
Source: Journal of NeuroVirology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
A 16-year-old Korean boy presented with acute onset vertigo, dysphagia and gait ataxia of 16  hours duration. He had history of headache and neck pain along with transient vertigo during a water slide ride 12 days before presentation. CT brain showed left...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
We report the case of a 30 year old female with a right sided CP angle tumor who presented with vertigo and ataxia due to ITH. Her symptoms initially improved; however, three weeks later, she had acute onset of facial palsy and imaging confirmed rebleeding. Surgical pathology reported typical features of schwannoma.A literature review performed using the PubMed and EMBASE databases yielded four previous reports. A summary of these cases is presented and the features of ITH are discussed. Patients affected by repeated ITH present with sudden headache and ataxia. Rapid worsening of cranial nerve dysfunction such as hearing...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ez-Vèrges S, Araúz AB Abstract Zika virus (ZIKV) was first detected in the Americas in Brazil in 2015, with a rapid spread to surrounding countries. In Panama, the outbreak began in November 2015 in an indigenous community located on the Caribbean side of the country. Zika virus is typically associated with a diffuse rash, fever, and conjunctivitis. It can rarely cause neurologic manifestations, most commonly microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Encephalitis and acute encephalomyelitis are known complications, but ZIKV-associated cerebellitis has yet to be reported in the literature. Here...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
This article reports a case of exploding head syndrome (EHS) as an aura of migraine with brainstem aura (MBA). A middle-aged man presented with intermittent episodes of a brief sensation of explosion in the head, visual flashing, vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, confusion, ataxia, dysarthria, and bilateral visual impairment followed by migraine headache. The condition was diagnosed as MBA. Explosive head sensation, sensory phenomena, and headaches improved over time with nortriptyline. This case shows that EHS can present as a primary aura symptom in patients with MBA. PMID: 29694468 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
Kalla R Abstract This review provides an update on interdisciplinary treatment for dizziness. Dizziness can have various causes and the treatment offered should depend on the cause. After reading this article, the clinician will have an overview of current treatment recommendations. Recommendations are made for the most prevalent causes of dizziness including acute and chronic vestibular syndromes, vestibular neuritis, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, endolymphatic hydrops and Menière's disease, vestibular paroxysmia and vestibular migraine, cardiac causes, transient ischaemic attacks and strokes, epis...
Source: Swiss Medical Weekly - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Swiss Med Wkly Source Type: research
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