ADHD Diagnoses Rising Among U.S. Kids, Study Finds

Girls, Hispanics fueling the increase in prevalence, but experts don't know why Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Health Statistics
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Tran K, Wu J Abstract A 2-year-old male pediatric patient experienced a partial occlusion of the internal carotid and subsequent asphyxiation resulting in hypoxic brain injury that was later misdiagnosed as primary attention deficient hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Imaging analyses using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) quantitative volumetrics (QV) were used nine years following the incident to identify whether his development of ADHD is of a primary heritability or secondary hypoxic brain injury sequelae. The patient's DTI analysis g...
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
The involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathophysiology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been suggested in several reports. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number, as well as methylation of the D-loop region and peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator-1α (PPARGC1A), are considered biomarkers for mitochondrial dysfunction. We compared the mtDNA copy number and methylation ratio of the D-loop region and PPARGC1A between ADHD patients and controls. The present study included 70 subjects with ADHD and 70 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HCs). The relative ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common neuropsychiatric condition in childhood and adolescence. Psychoeducation has been recommended by different guidelines as an initial treatment for ADHD, however the effects of the intervention for reducing symptoms and improving other outcomes still need to be established. This systematic review investigated the magnitude of impact that psychoeducation interventions have on various outcomes in children with ADHD. A systematic review of articles published between 1990 and 2018 was conducted of treatment outcome studies that investigated the effects of...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe DCE was sensitive to caregivers’ preferences for managing their child's coexisting cognitive/intellectual and emotional/behavior/developmental disability. Findings may help providers gauge treatment in a broader context of health outcomes.
Source: Academic Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between child abuse and emotional and behavioral problems in Chinese school-aged boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Forty-eight school-aged boys with ADHD and 77 male healthy ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether ADHD medication is associated with a decreased risk of unintentional injuries in children and adolescents in the United States across sexes, age groups and injury types. METHOD: We used de-identifie...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study aims to examine the association between early gestational maternal C-reactive protein (CRP), prospectively assayed in stored maternal sera and the risk of ADHD in offspring. This study is based on the Finnish Prenatal studies of ADHD (FIPS-ADHD) with a nested case –control design. It includes all singleton-born children in Finland between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 1999 and diagnosed with ADHD. A total of 1079 cases and equal number of controls were matched on date of birth, sex and place of birth. Maternal CRP levels were assessed using a latex immun oassay from archived maternal serum specimens, co...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion Consumption showed an increase in use of methylphenidate in South Africa, with small changes observed over the study period. Further studies are required.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults Intervention:   Other: questionnaires Sponsor:   University Hospital, Strasbourg, France Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
To the Editor In their cohort study, Brander et al observed an increased risk of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases in patients with Tourette syndrome (TS) and chronic tic disorder. This risk was even higher in patients with comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Interestingly, metabolic and cardiovascular risks were already present at an early stage of the disorder and were actually decreased in patients that used antipsychotic medication for a longer time. These data are relevant for the field because they were previously unknown in this form and must be considered in the future care of these patients.
Source: JAMA Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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