Horner’s syndrome and unilateral facial paresis in a goat: a case report

Abstract A 4-year-old, female Pakistani goat was referred to the veterinary teaching hospital for first pregnancy check up. At the time of presentation, the case was apparently healthy. Incidentally, the clinicians noticed the abnormality in the left eye. A precise ophthalmic examination revealed ptosis, entropion, nictitating membrane prolapse, enophthalmos, and miosis in the left eye, whereas the eyelids and pupil were normal on the right side. The left eye lacked palpebral reflex, and the menace response seemed to be decreased. Pupillary light reflex was present in both eyes. The eyes did not show any evidence of trauma and irritation. The cornea appears to be healthy and transparent. On direct ophthalmoscopy, no gross abnormality was found in the eyeball. Unilateral facial palsy of the left side was prominently noticed, as the muzzle was deviated toward the contralateral side. A careful otoscopic examination revealed no evidence of otitis externa. Moreover, results of complete hematological and serum biochemical profiles were normal. In this goat, no other significant abnormalities were detected in physical examination. Detailed history delineated normal vision in both eyes, normal posture, and normal behavior. According to the clinical signs, a diagnosis of unilateral facial nerve paralysis as well as concurrent Horner’s syndrome was made. However, the exact etiology of these conditions remained unknown. The case was discharged without any treatment, and i...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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es MA Abstract The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) regulates body functions in normal and pathological conditions and is characterized by the presence of a neuroplastic phenomenon, termed ganglionic long-term potentiation (gLTP). In hypertension, either in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) or in humans, sympathetic hyperfunction, such as elevated SNS outflow and changes in synaptic plasticity have been described. Because enhanced SNS outflow is detected in the hypertensive stage and, more importantly, in the prehypertensive phase of SHR, here we explored whether synaptic plasticity, particularly gLTP, was mod...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, e-First Articles. Gestational fructose exposure has detrimental health consequences on both the maternal and fetus or offspring in the early or later life, contributing to epidemic rise in cardiometabolic syndrome including cardiac events. l-Glutamine has been shown to mitigate cardiac metabolic stress. However, the effect of l-glutamine on cardiac hypertrophy induced by gestational fructose exposure is not known. We therefore hypothesized that l-glutamine would prevent gestational fructose-induced cardiac hypertrophy, possibly by suppression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4...
Source: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Trends in GeneticsAuthor(s): Heini Natri, Angela R. Garcia, Kenneth H. Buetow, Benjamin C. Trumble, Melissa A. Wilson
Source: Trends in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study investigates the influence of maternal age on birth procedure, gestational age, and rate of interventions during delivery. The influence of maternal parity is also analyzed. Material and Methods Data from the Austrian Register of Births was retrospectively collected and evaluated. The collected data was the data of all singleton live births in Austria between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2016 (n = 686 272). Multiple births and stillbirths were excluded from the study. Maternal age and parity were analyzed in relation to predefined variables (birth procedure, gestational age, episiotomy in cas...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
This study investigated the impact of including fetal growth parameters in the monitoring of pregnant women with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Patients/Method 199 pregnant women with type 1 DM were included in a cohort study. The patient population was divided into two study cohorts. In the mBG cohort (n = 94; investigation period: 1994 - 2005) treatment was monitored using only maternal blood glucose (mBG) values; the aim was to achieve standard target glucose values (mean BG
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
The objective of this study is the generation of descriptive data on the mode of delivery and on maternal and foetal complications in the case of foetal macrosomia. The causes and consequences of foetal macrosomia as well as the rate of shoulder dystocia are examined in relation to the severity of the macrosomia. Patients The study investigated all singleton births ≥ 37 + 0 weeks of pregnancy with a birth weight ≥ 4000 g at the Charité University Medicine Berlin (Campus Mitte 2001 - 2017, Campus Virchow Klinikum 2014 - 2017). Results 2277 consecutive newborns (birth w...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
Authors: Weschenfelder F, Lehmann T, Schleussner E, Groten T Abstract Introduction The birth of a large for gestational age (LGA) infant is a significant risk factor for birth complications and maternal morbidity and an even higher risk factor for offspring obesity, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease in later life. Relevant factors affecting the risk of delivering an LGA infant are maternal pre-gravid obesity, excessive gestational weight gain exceeding the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and diabetes in pregnancy. We aimed to determine what matters most in terms of the risk of fetal o...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
Authors: Brodowski L, Büter W, Kohls F, Hillemanns P, von Kaisenberg C, Dammann O Abstract Maternal overweight and obesity are prenatal risk factors for obstetrical complications, preterm birth, neonatal morbidity as well as cognitive and behavioural developmental disorders in children. Paediatric morbidity and mortality as well as child development disorders are significantly associated with maternal obesity. Particularly in the neurodevelopmental and psychiatric area, it is becoming increasingly clear that, in children of mothers with an increased body mass index (BMI), there is a high correlation with child...
Source: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde - Category: OBGYN Tags: Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Improving the rates of, and instruments used in, screening for perinatal depression and anxiety among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women are important public health priorities. The Kimberley Mum's Mood Scale (KMMS) was developed and la...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Suicide only present the tip of the iceberg of maternal mental health issues. Only a fraction of pregnant women with suicidal ideation proceeds to intentional self-harm (ISH) and even a smaller proportion are fatal. The purpose of the present s...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rural and Agricultural Issues Source Type: news
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