Clinical significance of autoantibodies directed against nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens in autoimmune liver disease.

This study aims to facilitate a consensus on these autoantibodies in an unselected patient population and their relationship to autoimmune liver disease (AILD). The study detected two autoantibodies that show reasonable specificity for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), anti-sp100 and anti-gp210, and it may be clinically useful to report any antimitochondrial antibody (AMA) detected, as this may be a sign of very early PBC. The inter-methodological differences in assays available for detection of the autoantibodies were also noted. Care must be taken when selecting methods to detect these autoantibodies. PMID: 23617092 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: British Journal of Biomedical Science - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Br J Biomed Sci Source Type: research

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Abstract The major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC II) - CD4 immunologic synapse is classically described between the T cell receptor of CD4 positive lymphocytes and MHC II on antigen presenting cells. This interaction and others between surrounding costimulatory and checkpoint molecules promotes differentiation of naïve CD4 T lymphocytes into helper T cells subtypes including Th1, Th2, and Th17 that have more tailored immunologic responses. Although MHC II is mainly produced by professional antigen presenting cells, it can be aberrantly produced by other cell types, including hepatocytes in various ...
Source: Am J Pathol - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Pathol Source Type: research
We present two cases of ALS with PBC to explore the relationship between the two diseases from the immunological and mitochondrial aspects. Further attention should be given to immune-modulating therapy in ALS patients.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Joanna Mikulak1,2, Elena Bruni1,2, Ferdinando Oriolo1,2, Clara Di Vito1 and Domenico Mavilio1,2* 1Unit of Clinical and Experimental Immunology, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Milan, Italy 2Department of Medical Biotechnologies and Translational Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy The liver is considered a preferential tissue for NK cells residency. In humans, almost 50% of all intrahepatic lymphocytes are NK cells that are strongly imprinted in a liver-specific manner and show a broad spectrum of cellular heterogeneity. Hepatic NK (he-NK) cells play key roles in tuning liver immune response in b...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Xiaoli Fan1†, Dandan Yin2†, Ruoting Men1, Heng Xu2* and Li Yang1* 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, National Key Laboratory of Biotherapy/Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy and Precision Medicine Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of NUDT15 R139C and thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) on azathioprine (AZA) induced leukopenia in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) a...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This article discusses the natural history, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and medical and surgical management strategies for three dominant autoimmune biliary diseases: primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, and immunoglobulin G4-related hepatobiliary disease. PMID: 30846029 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Surgical Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research
The purpose of this study was to investigate the findings of diffuse periportal enhancement in the liver on hepatobiliary phase gadoxetate disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance images by comparing with the finding of periportal hyperintensity on T2-weighted images and to reveal their clinical significance. Nineteen consecutive patients with diffuse periportal enhancement on hepatobiliary phase images constituted the study population. The intrahepatic diffuse periportal enhancement finding was assessed on whether it corresponded to periportal hyperintense patterns on T2-weighted images or not in the location, and the cases ...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
This article discusses the natural history, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and medical and surgical management strategies for three dominant autoimmune biliary diseases: primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, and immunoglobulin G4-related hepatobiliary disease.
Source: Surgical Clinics of North America - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThe prevalence of CD in cryptogenic cirrhosis was 13.1%. Screening for CD is recommended for cryptogenic cirrhosis. Hepatic functions improve with a GFD in CD patients with cirrhosis.
Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
In this study, we compared plasma levels of IL-35 and relative mRNA expression levels of p35 and Ebi3 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 70 PBC patients and 70 healthy individuals. The results showed that the relative expression levels of Ebi3 mRNA were lower in PBMCs from PBC patients than in PBMCs from healthy individuals, whereas the levels of p35 mRNA were similar in both groups. Plasma IL-35 concentrations were lower in patients with PBC than in healthy individuals. Plasma levels were higher in PBC patients at an advanced stage compared to patients at an early stage. Variable plasma levels with differe...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
ConclusionWL and LT for HCV without HCC decreased, whereas LT for HCV and HCC increased; this may be related to selective antiviral treatment access for patients with advanced fibrosis.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Clinical Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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