Generation and Characterization of a New Monoclonal Antibody Against CXCL4.
In this study, we aimed to develop a neutralizing antibody against both human and mouse CXCL4. Rats were immunized with recombinant human CXCL4 (rhCXCL4). Hybridoma clones were created by fusion of the immunized rat spleen cells with mouse myeloma SP2/0 cells and screened using recombinant mouse CXCL4 (rmCXCL4) and rhCXCL4. The CXCL4 monoclonal antibody (CXCL4 MAb) produced by the 16D6-3 hybridoma clone was sequenced and characterized by Western blot and Biacore assays. It recognized both human and mouse CXCL4 with high affinity and neutralized the effect of rhCXCL4 in vitro. Thus, the antibody may be used in the studies of CXCL4 in murine disease models and as a template in the antibody humanization for clinical developments. PMID: 25897609 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Cohen AD Abstract The course of multiple myeloma (MM) from initial diagnosis to a relapsed/refractory state is characterized by acquisition of drug resistance as well as progressive immunologic dysfunction. Despite this, however, a number of novel therapies that work in part or solely via immune stimulation are in development for MM, with promising early clinical results. Several new whole-cell or multiepitope vaccine approaches are demonstrating immunologic efficacy in smoldering MM or as posttherapy consolidation, with trials ongoing to see whether this translates into delayed progression or elimination ...
Condition: Multiple Myeloma Intervention: Biological: BCMA/CD19 Dual-Target CAR-T Sponsors: Xijing Hospital; Gracell Biotechnology Ltd. Recruiting
Authors: Nishida H, Yamada T Abstract The treatment options in multiple myeloma (MM) has changed dramatically over the past decade with the development of novel agents such as proteasome inhibitors (PIs); bortezomib and immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs); thalidomide, and lenalidomide which revealed high efficacy and improvement of overall survival (OS) in MM patients. However, despite these progresses, most patients relapse and become eventually refractory to these therapies. Thus, the development of novel, targeted immunotherapies has been pursued aggressively. Recently, next-generation PIs; carfilzomib and ixazomib,...
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy is a new and powerful class of cancer immunotherapy [1,2]. Clinical trials of CAR-T cell therapy targeting the B-cell marker CD19 have shown promising results for the treatment of hematologic malignancies, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) [3 –7], chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) [8,9], and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) [10,11]. CAR-T cell therapy targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has also been demonstrated to be effective for treating multiple myeloma (MM) [12–15].
ConclusionsThese data demonstrate that a transplantation protocol involving only selective tumor-reactive donor T cell families is an effective immunotherapy and results in long-term survival in a mouse model of human MM. The results highlight the need to develop similar ATCT strategies for MM patients that result in enhanced survival without symptoms of GvHD.
ConclusionsOur results demonstrate that in vitro activation affects NK cell anti-myeloma activity in vivo by regulating their BM infiltration. Furthermore, we provided direct evidence that CXCR3 restrains NK cell anti-tumor capacity in vivo according to the activation protocol used, and that the effects of NK cell-based adoptive immunotherapy for multiple myeloma can be improved by increasing their bone marrow homing through CXCR3 inhibition.
The initial findings from a small clinical trial of patients with multiple myeloma or sarcoma suggest that gene-edited immunotherapy is safe.
We describe three clinical scenarios in which CAR T- cell immunotherapy interfered with HIV-1 testing including: (1) routine infectious disease screening prior to stem cell transplantation in a 16-year-old female with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, status post CAR T- cell treatment (2) routine infectious disease screening prior to 2nd CAR T- cell collection in a 65-year-old male with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who failed initial CAR T- cell treatment and (3) routine infectious risk assessment following an occupational health exposure from a 58 -year-old male with multiple myeloma, status post CAR T- cell treatment...
ConclusionOur findings indicate that prognostic testing rates were poor, and approximately one-third of high-risk patients (del[17p] and TP53) received chemoimmunotherapy, which is not aligned with current CLL treatment recommendations. This represents an opportunity to educate and alert healthcare professionals about the necessity of prognostic testing to guide optimal CLL treatment decisions. Study registration: NCT02582879 (ClinicalTrials.gov).
We describe the recent developments in this field, with emphasis on the complications of therapy and factors contributing to toxicities, efficacy, and resistance. We also describe the ongoing research in this field and the newer CAR-T cell constructs that are being developed to counter the challenges that have been identified in this field.