SPLUNC1 Is a Significant Marker in Pleural Effusion from Lung Cancer Compared to Tuberculosis.

In this study, we further evaluated the SPLUNC1 expression in patients with lung disease to explore its role in cancer or tuberculosis at the protein level. We generated a panel of antibodies by using protein from a eukaryotic expression system as the immunogen to mice. It was the panel of SPLUNC1 monoclonal antibodies that allowed us to comparatively determine SPLUNC1 protein in lung cancer and tuberculosis infection by detecting sera and pleural effusion other than airway surface. The results showed that the SPLUNC1 level was not significantly changed either from sera of lung cancer or control. There was a significant increase in pleural effusion from lung cancer when compared to tuberculosis. These results indicate that SPLUNC1 may be a useful marker for tracing lung cancer cells, based on its epithelial origin property in pleural effusion. PMID: 26090599 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy - Category: Microbiology Tags: Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Nekrasov KA, Vikarchuk MV, Rudenko EE, Ivanitskiy IV, Grygorenko VM, Danylets RO, Kondratov AG, Stoliar LA, Sharopov BR, Kashuba VI Abstract The detection of prostate cancer (PCa) biomarkers in bodily fluids, a process known as liquid biopsy, is a promising approach and particularly beneficial when performed in urine samples due to their maximal non-invasiveness requirement of collection. A number of gene panels proposed for this purpose have allowed discrimination between disease-free prostate and PCa; however, they bear no significant prognostic value. With the purpose to develop a gene panel for PCa dia...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Babaer D, Zheng M, Ivy MT, Zent R, Tiriveedhi V Abstract Previous phase I DNA-vaccine based clinical trials using Mammaglobin-A (Mam-A), a human breast tumor associated antigen (TAA), demonstrated that this agent was safe and efficient at treating patients with stage IV breast cancer. The long-term success of cancer vaccines is limited by the diminished expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules in the tumor microenvironment. The current study assessed the impact of various selenocompounds on the expression of HLA class I molecules in THP-1 cells, an apparent proficient antigen that pres...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Hou J, Li L, Zhu H, Chen H, Wei N, Dai M, Ni Q, Guo X Abstract The aim of the present study was to examine the association between the migration of breast cancer cells in vitro and radiosensitivity by establishing a breast cancer cell model with different migratory capacities. Transwell chambers in a 24-well plate were used to separate MDA-MB-231 and ZR-7530 cells and to establish cell models with different migratory capacities. Subsequently, the radiosensitivity of the cell models was measured using a radiation clone formation assay. Furthermore, differential gene expression was determined using gene micr...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Cho CJ, Yang CW, Wu CL, Ho JY, Yu CP, Wu ST, Yu DS Abstract Gemcitabine (GCB), which functions via the inhibition of DNA synthesis, is commonly used in the treatment of bladder cancer; however, its response rate is not satisfactory due to the development of drug resistance. The potential for phytochemicals to reverse drug resistance in bladder cancer tumor cells was evaluated. A human bladder cancer cell line, T24, was cultured, and GCB-resistant cells (T24-GCB) were also established. The acquired resistance of T24-GCB to GCB was measured using an MTT assay. The gene expression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Kim SY, Lee S, Lee E, Lim H, Shin JY, Jung J, Kim SG, Moon A Abstract There is a wide disparity in the incidence, malignancy and mortality of different types of cancer between each sex. The sex-specificity of cancer seems to be dependent on the type of cancer. Cancer incidence and mortality have been demonstrated as sex-specific in a number of different types of cancer, such as liver cancer, whereas sex-specificity is not noticeable in certain other types of cancer, including colon and lung cancer. The present study aimed to elucidate the molecular basis for sex-biased gene expression in cancer. The mRNA e...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Santosh K. Ghosh1*, Thomas S. McCormick1,2 and Aaron Weinberg1* 1Biological Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States 2Dermatology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States Human beta-defensins (hBDs, −1, 2, 3) are a family of epithelial cell derived antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that protect mucosal membranes from microbial challenges. In addition to their antimicrobial activities, they possess other functions; e.g., cell activation, proliferation, regulation of cytokine/chemokine production, migration, diffe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There are epidemiological reports, particularly from Asian countries, which confirm a relationship between LC and Tb. MTb could play an active role in cellular transformation and it is important to elucidate the mecha- nism involved. PMID: 31276345 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Salud Publica de Mexico - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: Salud Publica Mex Source Type: research
In this study they also showed PTX3 localized in NETs formed after neutrophil activation (5). Proteomics analysis revealed that PTX3 forms complexes with two anti-microbial proteins [azurocidin (AZU1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)] associated to NETs (30). More recently, PTX3 localization in NETs has been confirmed, and the colocalization with AZU1 and MPO has been defined more accurately (31). Further investigation will be needed to understand the involvement of PTX3 interaction with AZU1 and MPO in their antibacterial role during NET formation. Regulation of Complement Activation PTX3 interaction with microorganisms is not...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Peroral arsenic has little effect on local airway immune responses to bacteria but compromises respiratory epithelial barrier integrity, increasing systemic translocation of inhaled pathogens and small molecules. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1878 Received: 09 March 2017 Revised: 14 August 2017 Accepted: 16 August 2017 Published: 28 September 2017 Address correspondence to M.B. Fessler, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 111 T.W. Alexander Dr., P.O. Box 12233, Maildrop D2-01, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 USA. Telephone: (919) 541-3701. Email: fesslerm@niehs.nih.gov *Current address: UN...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Epithelial Cancer | Immunotherapy | Lung Cancer | Microbiology | Study | Tuberculosis