VA, ASTRO and Washington U. combine forces to drive better care for veterans with cancer

(American Society for Radiation Oncology) The Department of Veterans Affairs today announced a new Radiation Oncology Practice Assessment program to leverage recent advances in information technology to improve radiation therapy cancer care for our nation's Veterans. VA is working with the American Society for Radiation Oncology and Washington University to provide radiation oncologists for the first time with continuous feedback on the progress of cancer therapy.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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Abstract Throughout various eras of breast cancer therapy, postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) has played an important role in the treatment of locally advanced breast cancer. PMRT decreases locoregional recurrence and may improve overall survival in patients with tumors over 5 cm or positive lymph nodes. As novel cancer therapies improve survival in breast cancer, the role of radiation therapy is evolving. Individualized recommendations for PMRT dependent on pathologic response after neoadjuvant systemic therapy are under investigation. This review summarizes the role of PMRT during breast cancer therapy...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research
Conclusion: This article provides a brief current overview of literature pertaining to the role of radiation therapy in the management of lung cancer.
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The approaches of this review are to highlight the recent management advances and contrast the differences of treatment practice between Western and Asian countries.
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In spite of the rapid development of external beam radiation therapy brachytherapy continues to remain an important mode of therapy and is often a default treatment when external beam radiation option is limited.
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Palliation may be the goal of care for some patients with intra-thoracic lung cancer. Factors such as the extent of disease, comorbidities, performance status, or symptom burden, may indicate that patients are unsuitable for more aggressive approaches with a curative intent. A palliative treatment plan implies a focus on the effective relief and control of symptoms, while preserving both the quality and quantity of life. Therapeutic measures may include palliative radiotherapy, palliative chemotherapy, or other forms of systemic treatment. In addition, certain interventional procedures may be used to achieve symptom pallia...
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aims to report radiotherapy utilization and fractionation patterns during the first course of cancer treatment.MethodsWe extracted all solid tumor cases from 2004 to 2014 in the National Cancer Data Base, which captures only the first course of treatment. Patients were subcategorized by disease site: breast, central nervous system (CNS), gastrointestinal, genitourinary, gynecologic, head and neck (HN), musculoskeletal, skin, or thoracic. Receipt of therapy was identified (systemic, surgical, or radiation therapy). Radiotherapy was subcategorized as external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) (conventional and stereot...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study shows that stable radioactive HoPO4-MS can be prepared with suitable properties to be used for cancer therapy.Graphical abstract
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aims to report radiotherapy utilization and fractionation patterns during the first course of cancer treatment.MethodsWe extracted all solid tumor cases from 2004 to 2014 in the National Cancer Data Base, which captures only the first course of treatment. Patients were subcategorized by disease site: breast, central nervous system (CNS), gastrointestinal, genitourinary, gynecologic, head and neck (HN), musculoskeletal, skin, or thoracic. Receipt of therapy was identified (systemic, surgical, or radiation therapy). Radiotherapy was subcategorized as external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) (conventional and stereot...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewElucidating the mechanisms that contribute to adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcomes and reduce quality of life among patients with cancer is paramount. Cancer, certain cancer drugs, radiation therapy, cancer-associated lifestyle disturbances, and cancer-independent comorbidities combine to predispose oncology patients to autonomic dysfunction (AD). This review will explore the assessment, etiology, and clinical implications of AD in cancer patients and will speculate on therapeutic and research opportunities.Recent FindingsAD is particularly prevalent among patients with advanced cancer, but studies...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractPrior studies have shown that dose-escalated radiation therapy for prostate cancer improves clinical outcomes. However, this is associated with increased rectal toxicity. Hydrogel spacer for prostate cancer therapy is an effective way of decreasing rectal toxicity in the late post-therapeutic stages. In some occasions, the gel spacer may not be placed symmetrically between the rectum and prostate. There are several forms of a malpositioned spacer, including lateral displacement, rectal wall infiltration, and prostate capsule infiltration. This manuscript is aimed at evaluating appropriately positioned and malpositi...
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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