Non-clear cell renal cell carcinoma, part 1: histology.

This article (the first in a 2-part series) reviews the histology of RCC, whereas the second article reviews current targeted therapies approved for RCC, such as the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors and the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors. Ongoing studies will provide more information regarding the role of these agents in non-clear cell RCC. PMID: 26352775 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clin Adv Hematol Oncol Source Type: research

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Condition:   Carcinoma, Renal Cell Interventions:   Drug: MK-6482;   Drug: Everolimus Sponsor:   Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study aimed to investigate mRNA expression of SPINK13 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) in human tissue and to use bioinformatics data to investigate the role of SPINK13 expression as a clinicopathological and prognostic biomarker for patients with CCRCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with CCRCC (N=533) with available RNA sequence data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-CCRCC database were analyzed with patients who had a tissue diagnosis of CCRCC (N=305) at the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (FUSCC). Differential transcriptional and proteome expression profiles were obtained from the ONCOMINE cance...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Fumarate hydratase-deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-deficient RCC) is a rare and recently described entity associated with hereditary leiomyomatosis and RCC syndrome. FH-deficient RCC may show variable clinical and pathologic findings, but commonly presents with locally advanced and metastatic disease and carries a poor prognosis. We identified 32 patients with FH-deficient RCC, confirmed by FH immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or FH mutation analysis, and performed a retrospective review of the clinical and pathologic features. Median age at presentation was 43 years (range, 18 to 69 y), and the M:F ratio was 2.2:1....
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionThe above results indicate that 6-gingerol can induce cell-cycle arrest and cell-growth inhibition through the AKT –GSK 3β–cyclin D1 signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that 6-gingerol should be useful for renal-cell carcinoma treatment.
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study CTCs were measured by the FISHMAN-R system, and CTCs drawn from a peripheral artery were collected just before and immediately after surgery. The number of pre- and postoperative CTCs and the perioperative changes in CTCs were measured for each surgical method.ResultsSix patients were excluded from the current analyses. Preoperative CTCs did not differ significantly by surgical approach (laparoscopic RN: 3.4  ± 4.2; laparoscopic PN: 3.4 ± 4.1; open RN: 7.7 ± 6.8; open PN: 6.0 ± 7.6;P = 0.19). Open RN resulted in ...
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: McAlpine K, Breau RH PMID: 31818928 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: CMAJ Source Type: research
This report outlines a translational PK-pharmacodynamic (PD) methodology used to derive a baseline composite cytokine signature correlated with nivolumab clearance using data from three clinical trials in which nivolumab or everolimus was administered.MethodsPeripheral serum cytokine (PD) and nivolumab clearance (PK) data from patients with RCC were analyzed using a PK-PD machine-learning model. Nivolumab studies CheckMate 009 (NCT01358721) and CheckMate 025 (NCT01668784) (n = 480) were used for PK-PD analysis model development and cytokine feature selection (training dataset). Validation of the model and asses...
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In the last decades, the prognosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has remarkably improved following the advent of the “targeted therapy” era. The expanding knowledge on the prominent role played by angiogenesis in RCC pathogenesis has led to approval of multiple anti-angiogenic agents such as sunitinib, pazopanib, axitinib, cabozantinib, sorafenib, and bevacizumab. These agents can induce radiological responses and delay cancer progression for months or years before onset of resistance, with a clinically meaningful activity. The need for markers of prognosis and efficacy of anti-angiogenic agents has...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Yang Q, Sun J, Ma Y, Zhao C, Song J Abstract Accumulating evidence showed that lncRNAs play important roles in tumour development. Recently, a novel lncRNA DLX6-AS1 was found to be overexpressed in some tumors such as lung adenocarcinoma, renal cell carcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the functional roles of DLX6-AS1 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) are still unclear. In the study, we showed that the expression level of DLX6-AS1 was upregulated in the LSCC samples compared to the noncancerous tissues. By using CCK-8 analysis, we demonstrated that knockdown expression of DLX6-AS1 sup...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Authors: Li C, Shao T, Bao G, Gao Z, Zhang Y, Ding H, Zhang W, Liu F, Guo C Abstract Most cases of mRCC without an early finding are not candidates for curative therapies, which may be one of the reasons for the poor patient prognosis. Therefore, candidate markers to diagnose the disease and treatment with high efficiency are urgently demanded. Three datasets of mRNA microarray have been assessed to discover DEGs between tissues from metastatic RCC and RCC. 111 DEGs in total were identified according to the expression profile result of genes in the database of GEO. Enrichment analyses for GO and KEGG have been cond...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
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