Public health challenges and legacies of Japan's response to the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa 2014 to 2015.
Public health challenges and legacies of Japan's response to the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa 2014 to 2015. Euro Surveill. 2015 Nov 5;20(44) Authors: Saito T Abstract The largest outbreak of Ebola virus disease occurred in West Africa in 2014 and resulted in unprecedented transmission even in distant countries. In Japan, only nine individuals were screened for Ebola and there was no confirmed case. However, the government promoted the reinforcement of response measures and interagency collaboration, with training and simulation exercises conducted country-wide. The legacies included: publication of a communication policy on case disclosure, a protocol for collaboration between public health and other agencies, and establishing an expert committee to assemble the limited available expertise. There were challenges in taking proportionate and flexible measures in the management of people identified to be at high risk at entry points to Japan, in the decentralised medical response strategy, and in the medical countermeasures preparedness. The Ebola outbreak in West Africa provided a crucial opportunity to reveal the challenges and improve the preparedness for rare but high impact emerging diseases that are prone to be neglected. Efforts to uphold the lessons learnt and maintain public health preparedness should help prepare for future emerging diseases, including bioterrorist acts and pandemics. PMID: 26559148 [PubMed - in process]
Nature, Published online: 13 August 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-02415-9The World Bank’s funding scheme for disease outbreaks drained potential resources from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, says Olga Jonas.
World Bank funding instruments issued to help emerging countries swiftly tackle pandemics have come under the spotlight after the latest deadly Ebola outbreak has yet to trigger a payout.
The second-worst Ebola outbreak in history has killed more than 1,500 people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since it began last August. And on Wednesday, nearly a year after the outbreak began, and in the midst of renewed concerns over its spread, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak a public-health emergency of international concern. The decision is meant to spur a stronger response from the international community in hopes of ending the outbreak, which has proved difficult to contain due to a humanitarian crisis DRC, attacks on health care workers and rampant misinformation within the ...
In “The Pandemic Century” Mark Honigsbaum covers nine outbreaks that shaped how we think and respond to diseases.
[Guardian] Besides the loss of many lives, outbreaks of pandemics or epidemics could cost Nigeria trillions of naira if adequate preparations are not made to contain health emergencies.
Source: World Health Organization (WHO). Published: 5/15/2019. This online resource was launched to guide the development of new health products for which there are limited markets or incentives for research and development. The summary of the published profiles outlines eight to 10 key characteristics for the development of health products, including medicines, vaccines, and diagnostics.The Ebola outbreak of 2014-2015 and other recent pandemics have highlighted the urgent need for centralized information to guide and improve coordination of efforts to develop new health products for neglected diseases and populations. (Text)
Source: Center for Global Development (CGD). Published: 5/9/2019. This 82-page report explores the lessons of the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak through the lens of the U.S. and United Nations policymakers who were forced to construct an unprecedented response in real time. It tells the story of their choices around four major policy challenges: Operationalizing the U.S. government response; balancing the politics and science of travel restrictions; defining the role of a reluctant military; and coordinating complex international partnerships. (PDF)
Emerging infectious diseases are a constant threat to the public's health and health care systems around the world. These often extremely pathogenic diseases may not be adequately managed by typical application of infection control practices in the emergency department (ED), and nosocomial spread of highly pathogenic emerging infectious diseases in EDs and other health care settings has been observed –in the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome pandemic, outbreaks of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in South Korea in 2015, and an Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) cluster in a hospital in Dallas in 2014 (1–4).
[World Bank] World Bank Group and Pandemic Emergency Financing Facility support government and partners to contain the outbreak.
Source: National Library of Medicine [National Institutes of Health] (NLM). Published: 2/14/2019. Speakers in this one-hour webinar from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Disaster Information Management Research Center (DIMRC) discuss several new DIMRC activities, the NLM Exhibition Program ’s new Exhibitions Connect initiative, and the activities of the NLM Web Collecting and Archiving Group. The first speaker details the CHEMM program’s new information about fourth generation agents, and NLM’s events at the 2019 Preparedness Summit on March 26-29. The second speaker highlights the Exhibition Conne...