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Why Are So Many College and High School Kids Abusing Adderall

During the past 15 years, there has been a remarkable transformation in the drug trade. It used to be dominated by the illegal drug cartels. Now it it is dominated by the legal drug companies. The most dangerous legal drugs are the prescription opioids, now responsible for twice as many deaths as street drugs and also for a secondary epidemic of heroin addiction. The next most dangerous legal drugs are Xanax and other short acting benzodiazepines that potentiate overdoses, cause severe addiction, raise the risk of falls, and worsen cognitive problems. ADHD meds are the most dangerous legal drugs among young people in college and high school. I have invited Dr Gretchen LeFever Watson, a clinical psychologist and public health researcher, to describe this growing problem. gwatsonphd@gmail.com Dr Watson writes: College students are using and abusing Adderall -- the drug commonly used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) -- in record numbers. Adderall may not yet be in the water supply, but it's part of the fabric of life on modern American college campuses. Adderall and other stimulant drugs used to treat ADHD are now so prevalent on college campuses that students misperceive them as relative benign substances. They are selling, swapping, sharing, and stealing Adderall for a host of nonmedical reasons, including "pulling all-nighters," weight loss, and partying. As a result, the number of emergency room visits and deaths associated with non-me...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

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ConclusionsAttention problems in highly intelligent children are exceptional and affect school performance; they are therefore a reason for clinical concern. PMID: 29051177 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsCognition and residual depressive symptoms appear to be two independent sources of variation in the functioning of people with euthymic bipolar disorder. PMID: 29051175 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Bingham KS, Kumar S, Dawson DR, Mulsant BH, Flint AJ Abstract Recovery of everyday premorbid function is a primary goal in the treatment of depression. Measurement of function is an important part of achieving this goal. A multitude of scales have been used to measure function in depression, reflecting the complex, multifaceted nature of functioning. Currently, however, there are no evidence-based guidelines to assist the researcher or clinician in deciding which instruments are best suited to measure function in late-life depression (LLD). Thus, the aims of this study are to 1) systematically review and i...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Wu M, Aizenstein HJ PMID: 29050911 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Ji Y, Lu H Abstract Currently, HIV infection and AIDS are still one of the most important epidemic diseases around the world. As early in the initial stage of HIV epidemic, the high incidence of ADCs including Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was the substantial amount of disease burden of HIV infection and AIDS. With the increasing accessibility of HAART and improving medical care for HIV infection and AIDS, AIDS-related illness including ADCs has dramatically decreased. Meanwhile, the incidence of NADCs rises in PLWH. Compared with the general population, most of cancers are more likely to attac...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Plecitá-Hlavatá L, D'alessandro A, El Kasmi K, Li M, Zhang H, Je┼żek P, Stenmark KR Abstract Pulmonary hypertension is a complex disease of the pulmonary vasculature, which in severe cases terminates in right heart failure. Complex remodeling of pulmonary arteries comprises the central issue of its pathology. This includes extensive proliferation, apoptotic resistance and inflammation. As such, the molecular and cellular features of pulmonary hypertension resemble hallmark characteristics of cancer cell behavior. The vascular remodeling derives from significant metabolic changes in resident c...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
The antioxidants help soak up damaging chemicals in the body. • Try one of PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do (NEW) The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Attractiveness Source Type: blogs
Authors: Bello NT, Yeomans BL Abstract INTRODUCTION: Eating disorders represent a set of psychiatric illnesses with lifelong complications and high relapse rates. Individuals with eating disorders are often stigmatized and clinicians have a limited set of treatments options. Pharmacotherapy has the potential to improve long term compliance and patient commitment to treatment for eating disorders. Areas Covered: This review will examine the efficacy and safety profile of the FDA-approved medications for the treatment of bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). This will include the evaluation of fluoxet...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Men with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder were more likely to have a history of this infection. • Try one of PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do (NEW) The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Psychology Source Type: blogs
This is a letter I wrote to my wife’s grandfather for Veterans Day back when he was still alive.  He was pretty proud of it, and that made me smile because I knew that if nothing else, he deserved to be proud of what he did for America.  When he died a few months ago, I was able to muster up the fortitude to read it at his funeral.  Here it is, submitted as a personal tribute to him, as well as to the dying breed of Americans who fought to rid the world of fascism. *** Today I think about you more than any other day of the year.  I’ve only known you for about a decade, but a single event in ...
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Physician Emergency Medicine Source Type: blogs
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