Protecting Children From Tobacco, Nicotine, and Tobacco Smoke

This technical report serves to provide the evidence base for the American Academy of Pediatrics’ policy statements "Clinical Practice Policy to Protect Children From Tobacco, Nicotine, and Tobacco Smoke" and "Public Policy to Protect Children From Tobacco, Nicotine, and Tobacco Smoke." Tobacco use and involuntary exposure are major preventable causes of morbidity and premature mortality in adults and children. Tobacco dependence almost always starts in childhood or adolescence. Electronic nicotine delivery systems are rapidly gaining popularity among youth, and their significant harms are being documented. In utero tobacco smoke exposure, in addition to increasing the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, stillbirth, placental abruption, and sudden infant death, has been found to increase the risk of obesity and neurodevelopmental disorders. Actions by pediatricians can help to reduce children’s risk of developing tobacco dependence and reduce children’s involuntary tobacco smoke exposure. Public policy actions to protect children from tobacco are essential to reduce the toll that the tobacco epidemic takes on our children.
Source: PEDIATRICS - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Substance Abuse, Smoking From the American Academy of Pediatrics Source Type: research

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The House committee on health and the Senate commerce, consumer protection, and health committee will be holding an informational briefing on plans to combat the state's opioid epidemic with healthy alternatives on Thursday. Rep. John Mizuno, chair of the House committee on health, and Sen. Rosalyn Baker, chair of the Senate committee on commerce, consumer protection and health, are leading the meeting which will be held at 9 a.m. in room 329 of the Hawaii State Capitol. "Our goal is to better…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
AbstractFat-mass and obesity-associated protein (Fto) plays important roles in energy metabolism. It also acts as a demethylase and is most abundantly found in the brain. In the present study, we examined the spatial and temporal changes of Fto immunoreactivity after five minutes of transient forebrain ischemia in the hippocampus. In the control group, Fto immunoreactivity was mainly observed in the nucleus of pyramidal cells in the CA1 and CA3 regions as well as the polymorphic layer, granule cell layer, and subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus. Fto immunoreactivity was transiently, but not significantly, increased in th...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Stephen T. HigginsAbstractThis Special Issue of Preventive Medicine (PM) is the 6th in a series on behavior change, health, and health disparities. This is a topic of critical importance to improving U.S. population health. There is broad consensus that personal behavior patterns or lifestyle such as substance abuse, physical inactivity/obesity, and non-adherence with medical regimens are among the most important modifiable causes of chronic disease, premature death and population health. Hence, effectively promoting health-related beha...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
The experience of pleasure is distinct from the experience of happiness. Quite distinct. With pleasure, a dopamine “spike” occurs in response to an acute momentary reward. The experience feels wonderful but depletes serotonin. The ultimate consequence of repeated rushes to this pleasure center leads to the loss of dopamine receptors in the brain. With the loss of neurons comes Tolerance: a situation in which more and more “hits” are needed to feel the same impact as before — or to feel anything at all. The result is addiction. The dopamine neuron, or pleasure receptor, is identical in most pl...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Books Happiness joy Neurochemistry Neurotransmitter Pleasure Source Type: blogs
Conclusion. The audio-digital recording method provides a useful second opinion that can affirm the need for a different treatment intervention in these anxious patients. A second live assessment would have required additional clinic time and added patient burden. The audio-digital recording method is less burdensome than live second opinion assessments and might have utility in both research and clinical practice settings. Keywords: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), anxiolytic medications, anxious symptoms, audio-digital recording, dual review, second opinions Anxiety symptoms are prevalent in most populations wher...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Original Research anxiolytic medications anxious symptoms audio-digital recording dual review Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) second opinions Source Type: research
See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight All NNLM MAR funding opportunities are currently closed. In February, we will announce opportunities to apply for projects starting May 15, 2018. Now is the perfect time to start meeting with potential partners and consulting with NNLM MAR staff on health information outreach ideas. Contact us to set up a consultation. National Drug and Alcohol Facts Week® begins on Monday! If your organization is getting involved with busting myths about drug use or addiction, tell us about it! NNLM MAR is always interested in learning...
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Weekly Postings Source Type: news
By DAVID INTROCASO THCB readers are well aware this coming week Senate Republicans plan to begin debate on passing their amended version of the House-passed American Health Care Act (AHCA), titled the Better Care Reconciliation Act.   As of today, June 23rd, immediate reactions by Republican senators to the June 22nd released discussion draft have been limited largely because members immediately left town after the draft’s release. The Congressional Budget Office’s (CBO’s) score, that will again be influential, is expected this Monday or Tuesday. Senate debate on the legislation will likely begi...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized AHCA CBO David Introcaso Repeal Replace Senate Republicans Source Type: blogs
Marijuana use has more than doubled in the last decade in the United States (US) (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2014). Given increasing legislation supporting both medical and non-medical use of marijuana, the actual prevalence of marijuana use in the US is likely to substantially increase in coming years. Concurrently, the US is experiencing epidemic levels of obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease (Roger et al., 2012), and sedentary behavior (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014a,b).
Source: Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Short communication Source Type: research
By JEFF GOLDSMITH Donald Trump’s stunning upset victory has occasioned a lot of searching among political analysts for an underlying explanation for the unexpected turn in voter sentiment. Many point to Trump’s galvanizing support among white working class and middle income Americans in economically depressed regions of the US- particularly Appalachia and the upper middle west “Rust Belt” – as the main factor that put him in office. While the Democrats concentrated on the so-called “coalition of the ascendant”- voter groups like Hispanics and Millennials that are growing, Trump ro...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
The number of babies born with symptoms of opioid withdrawal spiked between 2004 and 2013, driven by opioid use in rural areas, according to a study published Monday in the journal JAMA Pediatrics. In 2004, rates of infant withdrawal, known as neonatal abstinence syndrome, were roughly similar in rural and urban areas, with about one out of every 1,000 babies born with withdrawal symptoms. By 2013, there were approximately five babies born with NAS for every 1,000 births in urban areas, and eight babies born with NAS for every 1,000 births in rural areas.  Together, this translated to a fivefold increase in NAS b...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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