Nigeria: How Deadly Malaria/Typhoid Combo Is Ruling Hospitals

[Daily Trust] Abuja, Lagos and Enugu -The aches came first, the chills. Comfort Saawua didn't quite panic. She'd dealt with the chills before, and sitting in the sun had never felt so good. The fever knocked her for its intensity. She was burning up when she got to a primary health centre in Kubwa. She and the health worker had similar intentions for a test, but the result came back with a double whammy.
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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ConclusionsAcute febrile illnesses like dengue, enteric fever, malaria are the predominant causes of neutropenia. Mild neutropenia was seen in over 50% children requiring a short duration of admission (5 –8 d); without any complications.
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
DiscussionThe authors ’ experience at Princess Christian Maternity Hospital provides a model of screening, isolation, and care specifically for maternity patients, and directly addresses infection risk and mortality. The recommendations we provide can be used in future outbreaks.
Source: Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Quality Improvement Report Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2052: Assessing Students’ Knowledge on WASH-Related Diseases International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16112052 Authors: Khaldoon A. Mourad Vincent Habumugisha Bolaji F. Sule Water-, sanitation-, and hygiene-related diseases are killing many people each year in developing countries, including Rwanda, and children under the age of five are the most vulnerable. This research assessed human waste disposal practices, knowledge on diseases caused by contact with human faeces, and knowledge on causes and prevention of selected WASH-related diseas...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionLeptospirosis is a public health threat affecting populations at risk, such as sugarcane plantation workers and fishing communities. Public awareness targeting risk occupational groups is much needed for mitigation of leptospirosis in the study areas and other vulnerable populations in Tanzania and elsewhere.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Candidiasis in women of child-bearing age is a major problem in most hospitals in Nigeria. High vaginal swabs were analyzed for Candida presence in women of child bearing age using Chromogenic agar. Isolated Candida spp. were analyzed phylogenetically to trace their evolutionary relatedness. Growth rate assay was done using Sabouruand and Dextrose medium supplemented with NaCl and glucose. T...
Source: African Journal of Microbiology Research - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Early trials of killed, whole-cell typhoid vaccine indicated a paradoxical, positive effect on malaria infections. British soldiers in India in 1898 reported> 90% decrease in malaria recurrences after receiving an investigational typhoid vaccine despite no intention or expectation to observe such an outcome. In the 1940s, multiple doses of intravenous typhoid vaccine appeared to control parasitemia and limit reinfection in three syphilis patients purposefully infected with Plasmodium vivax. Several modern vaccines (against human papillomavirus, hepatitis B virus, and malaria) use a detoxified lipid A d...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Conclusions and Perspectives It is interesting that watershed events, such as the loss of Neu5Gc from the glycocalyx of human cells have occurred numerous times in many mammalian and other vertebrate species. These cases of convergent evolution represent precious opportunities for increased understanding of evolutionary processes. In some respects, Neu5Gc is an ideal self-molecule as it is “private” to vertebrates and, based on current data, has yet to be successfully mimicked by microbes. Against the background of this benefit, the loss of Neu5Gc appears paradoxical and may implicate strong selective regimes,...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights that scrub typhus is one of the causes of high morbidity in children during rainy months in Odisha. PMID: 31064899 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Indian Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research
[The Herald] Government is on high alert and has put in place measures to counter communicable diseases that might arise as a result of Cyclone Idai, amid reports equally affected Mozambique and Malawi are battling to contain typhoid, cholera and malaria outbreaks.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
ConclusionThough B.sapida has been put to enormous traditional use, the pharmacological studies conducted are not sufficient, most studies are either in-vivo or in-vitro. More work is required (well-designed pharmacological tests, randomized clinical trials) to evaluate these medicinal claims. This review provides a basis for future research. The isolation of more compounds,detailed pharmacological investigations, exploration of food use and detoxification techniques are key areas to investigate.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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