Deep Wound Infections After Pediatric Scoliosis Surgery

Conclusions The authors showed that their cohort of patients with infection had a high rate of draining wounds, MRSA infections, administration of antibiotics more than 1 hour ahead of incision, and prolonged need for intravenous access after surgery. Efforts to mitigate these associations by using vancomycin prophylactically, doing meticulous wound closure to prevent drainage or dehiscence, and delivering antibiotics at an optimal time ahead of incision may lead to a decrease in infection rates in pediatric spinal surgery. Future prospective studies will be needed to validate this.
Source: Spine Deformity - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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In this study, the effects of Leucaena on different female reproductive variables were analyzed in two different reproductive conditions: gonadally intact and ovariectomized (OVX) female rats. Leucaena (LEU) was administered to females in both experimental conditions for 30 consecutive days. The effects of the legume extract were compared with those of Daidzein (DAI), a phytoestrogen, and of the female hormone estradiol (E2). In intact females, LEU disrupted the estrous cycle and female sexual behavior, decreased the number of follicles and corpora lutea, increased uterine and vaginal epithelium in proestrus and diestrus p...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Authors: Kunitoki K, Mutoh T, Tatewaki Y, Takano Y, Yamamoto S, Shimomura H, Nakagawa M, Arai H, Taki Y Abstract BACKGROUND Osteoporosis is a major global public health problem in the current aging era. Osteoporosis is often diagnosed only after patients have a fracture that causes a severe decline in ability to perform activities of daily life. Although the current criterion standard for diagnosing osteoporosis is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), this modality remains less prevalent among general practitioners in geriatric medicine. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic utility of visual ins...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In treatment planning for cases that require identifying the growth peak, the use of eruption stages is not recommended as an indicator of skeletal maturity except for the early permanent dentition stage where strong diagnostic performance for identifying post-pubertal skeletal growth stage has been shown. PMID: 31522225 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research
Conditions:   Urinary Incontinence;   Urgency Urinary Intervention:   Drug: Oxybutynin, Solifenacin, Tolterodine, Sanctura or Toviaz Sponsors:   Brigham and Women's Hospital;   Medical University of Silesia Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
The research team at Florida Atlantic University captured and swabbed hundreds of dolphins between 2003 and 2015. They said the mammals were a good indicator of the rest of life at sea.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 10 September 2019Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): CDR Jamie L. Fitch, Paul T. Albini, Anish Y. Patel, Matthew S. Yanoff, LCDR Christian S. McEvoy, Chad T. Wilson, James Suliburk, Stephanie D. Gordy, S. Rob ToddAbstractBackgroundThe rising cost of healthcare requires responsible allocation of resources. Not all trauma centers see the same types of patients. We hypothesized that patients with blunt injuries require more resources than patients with penetrating injuries.MethodsThis was a retrospective analysis of all highest-level activation trauma patients at our busy urban...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 September 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Markus Sauer, Pierre Tennstedt, Christoph Berliner, Lennart Well, Hartwig Huland, Lars Budäus, Gerhard Adam, Dirk BeyersdorffAbstractPurposeTo evaluate standardized measurements of the membranous urethra length (MUL), the membranous urethra angle (MUA) and the prostate’s apex type (AT) among further clinical parameters as potential preoperative risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) after radical prostatectomy (RP).MethodOur institutional review board approved this retrospective single center study. 316 patient...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWith six stereotactic 9-gauge vacuum-assisted biopsy specimens a final histopathological biopsy diagnosis could be established in 95% (95%CI 90%-98%) of the biopsy procedures. Taking nine 9-gauge specimens seems to be optimal. Ending the stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy procedure as soon as calcifications are retrieved may cause false negative results.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study showed that cigarette smoking did not have negative effect on union time in the metaphyseal region after correction osteotomy. The time of bone-union in heavy-smokers was 2.5 weeks more than that of non-smokers.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We present cases with unusual presentations and demonstrate the transmission electron microscopic features of these lesions. Furthermore, we co nfirm the importance of achieving full eradication of the etiologic bacilli to prevent recurrent disease.
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
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