Long-Term Prognostic Risk in Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease as a Function of the Number of Peripheral Arterial Lesions Health Services and Outcomes Research

Conclusions Among PAD patients, a greater number of lesions is associated with an increased risk of an adverse prognosis over 3 years of follow-up. Assessing the number of lower extremity lesions might serve as a simple risk-stratification tool at initial PAD diagnosis.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Health Services and Outcomes Research Source Type: research

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RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDespite major advances in terms of prevention, diagnosis, risk-stratification, management and rehabilitation, atherosclerosis and atherothrombosis continue to have major morbidity and mortality implications worldwide. Since the unraveling of the pivotal role of inflammation in atherothrombosis pathophysiology, several focused treatments have been proposed with the ultimate goal of preventing or treating myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. In particular, given the centrality of interleukin-1 (IL-1), targeted anti-IL-1 agents have attracted substantial attention and efforts....
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Although attention has been paid to the relationship between malignant diseases and cardiovascular diseases, few data have been reported. Moreover, there have also been few reports in which the preventive factors were examined in patients with or without malignant disease histories requiring percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This was a retrospective, single-center, observational study. A total of 1003 post-PCI patients were divided into a malignant group, with current or past malignant disease, and a nonmalignant group. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, s...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with CKD stages 2-4, higher serum calcification propensity is associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events, ESKD, and all-cause mortality, but this association was not independent of kidney function. PODCAST: This article contains a podcast at https://www.asn-online.org/media/podcast/CJASN/2019_10_28_CJN04710419.mp3. PMID: 31658949 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionThe results of recently completed cardiovascular outcomes trials in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) suggest that sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide (GLP) 1 receptor agonists have enhanced cardioprotective properties in patients with established cardiovascular disease (eCVD), but to a lesser degree in those without eCVD. SGLT2 inhibitors appear to be particularly beneficial in patients with heart failure. As recent data for the UK are lacking, we undertook to identify the percentage of T2DM patients with eCVD and heart failure in the UK.MethodsThis w...
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Given the increasing worldwide prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), it is critical to decrease the associated risk of debilitating vascular complications, including stroke, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and peripheral vascular disease. Treatment options for reducing the risk of all subtypes of stroke in patients with CKD remain limited. For patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), novel applications of noninvasive imaging may help personalize the type of dialysis and dialysis prescription for patients at high-risk. SUMMARY: This manuscript reviews the heigh...
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
Authors: Wang TKM, Liao YB, Choi D, Harmos S, Haydcok D, Gerber I Abstract AIMS: A significant minority of patients undergoing mitral valve surgery (MVR) have indication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The risks of combination surgeries are not well appreciated and maybe more than additive. We compared the characteristics and outcomes of MVR+/-CABG performed at our centre. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing isolated MVR or with concurrent (MVR+)CABG at Auckland City Hospital during 2005-2012 were compared for baseline and operative characteristics and outcomes in univariable and multivariable ...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Abdaly MS, Azizi MS, Wijaya IP, Nugroho P, Purnamasari D Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remain a leading cause of death globally. The concept of acute myocardial infarction in young adults was uncommon. Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of CVD, including myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure and peripheral artery disease. This condition is initiated early in childhood and progressive in nature. CVD risk factors includes hypertension, dyslipidemia and obesity play a role in the development of atherosclerosis and  components in insulin resistance syndrome.One of many risk factors for in...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research
AbstractAimsTo compare non-fatal cardiovascular (CV) events and metabolic outcomes, among obese patients with insulin-treated type 2 diabetes who underwent bariatric surgery compared with a propensity-matched non-bariatric cohort.MethodsA retrospective cohort study was conducted among 11,125 active patients with type 2 diabetes from The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database. Propensity score matching (up to 1:6 ratio) was used to identify patients who underwent bariatric surgery (N = 131) with a non-bariatric cohort (N = 579). Follow-up was undertaken for 10 years (9686 person-years) t...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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