Using HRT to treat menopause is safe, says study

Women who took HRT for up to 25 years no more likely to develop breast cancer, heart disease or diabetes, US scientists foundUsing hormone replacement therapy to treat uncomfortable symptoms of menopause is completely safe, according to the authors of a decade-long study.The research by New York University, presented to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine in Baltimore, suggests the risks of serious side-effects have been overstated. Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Menopause Reproduction Biology Science Cancer Heart attack Diabetes Health Society World news Source Type: news

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DiscussionOur starting hypothesis was confirmed for the complication rate and clinical outcomes. The benefits of dual mobility cups are emphasized. While the indications for TFR are rare, they will likely increase in the coming years.Level of evidence: IV, Retrospective cohort study…
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of folic acid (FA) on diabetic retinopathy (DR) in a genetic mouse model of obese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). C57BL/KsJ-db/db(db/db) T2D mice were divided into control, FA, metformin (MET), and FA plus MET groups (n = 10/group). Serum levels of glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and insulin were determined weekly. The retinal thickness was measured using optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 4 weeks after treatments. The retinal expression and serum levels of vascular formation, inflammation, and oxidative stress-associated molecules were examined. Our results demonstrated...
Source: Ophthalmic Research - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Eyes from diabetic patients in the initial stages of DR with different Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study gradings show similar prevalence of SCME and CIME, independent of the severity of the retinopathy. Retinal edema is located mainly in the INL and appears to be mostly extracellular except in the earliest stages of diabetic retinal disease where intracellular edema predominates.Ophthalmic Res
Source: Ophthalmic Research - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Brooke Liang, Sara S. Lange, L. Stewart Massad, Rebecca Dick, Kathryn A. Mills, Andrea R. Hagemann, Carolyn K. McCourt, Premal H. Thaker, Katherine C. Fuh, David G. Mutch, Matthew A. Powell, Lindsay M. KurokiAbstractObjectiveTo assess the renal outcomes of gynecologic oncology patients who present with hydronephrosis and acute kidney injury (AKI), have
Source: Gynecologic Oncology Reports - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
In conclusion, STH have shown a chemo-preventive action on different colon cancer cell models.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 57Author(s): Kamesh Venkatakrishnan, Hui-Fang Chiu, Chin-Kun WangAbstractDiabetes mellitus (DM) and its related complications are the serious public health concern globally. This is the first review highlight on major functional foods and herbs with anti-diabetic activity particularly focus on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with special reference to clinical trials and their proposed anti-diabetic mechanisms. This contribution summarizes the current prevalence of DM, etiology and pathophysiology, complications related to DM, current conventional treatm...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Background: The circadian timing system or circadian clock plays a crucial role in many biological processes, such as the sleep-wake cycle, hormone secretion, cardiovascular health, glucose homeostasis, and body temperature regulation. Energy balance is also one of the most important cornerstones of metabolic processes, whereas energy imbalance is associated with many diseases (i.e., obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease). Circadian clock is the main regulator of metabolism, and this analysis provides an overview of the bidirectional effect of circadian rhythm on metabolic processes and energy balance.Summary: The circ...
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
This study briefly reviews the physiological mechanisms of exercise therapy in diabetes and the potential role of these cytokines in exercise.Key Messages: More high-quality, targeted, randomized controlled studies are needed urgently, from mechanism study to treatment direction, to provide a more theoretical basis for exercise therapy and to explore new therapeutic targets for diabetes.Ann Nutr Metab 2019;74:313 –321
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present study suggests that the preoperative CONUT score was associated with an increased risk of mortality and complications in GI and HPB surgical oncology. Patients with higher CONUT score as compared with those having a lower score had approximately a fivefold mortality risk and an increased risk up to 55% on major and overall complications after GI and HPB surgery. Our analysis indicates that the appropriate cutoff value of the CONUT score to predict postoperative major complications would be between 4 and 5. The preoperative evaluation of the CONUT score would be helpful for predicting the risk of ...
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusions: The occurrence of MI is very low in this cohort (4.4%), reassuring the clinicians that the older adults with comorbidities may not be at a higher risk of MI with adjuvant endocrine therapy. However, the confidence interval for the hazard ratio of AIs vs Tamoxifen is very wide, indicating that a larger sample may be needed for the power of the study to be conclusive.Citation Format: Kamaraju S, Smith E, Shi Y, Laud P, Neuner J. Are aromatase inhibitors associated with higher myocardial infarction risk in breast cancer patients? A Medicare population study [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Thirty-Ninth Annual C...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Poster Discussion Abstracts Source Type: research
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