Road traffic noise is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and all-cause mortality in London

We examined the effects of long-term exposure to road traffic noise on hospital admissions and mortality in the general population. Methods and results The study population consisted of 8.6 million inhabitants of London, one of Europe's largest cities. We assessed small-area-level associations of day- (7:00–22:59) and nighttime (23:00–06:59) road traffic noise with cardiovascular hospital admissions and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in all adults (≥25 years) and elderly (≥75 years) through Poisson regression models. We adjusted models for age, sex, area-level socioeconomic deprivation, ethnicity, smoking, air pollution, and neighbourhood spatial structure. Median daytime exposure to road traffic noise was 55.6 dB. Daytime road traffic noise increased the risk of hospital admission for stroke with relative risk (RR) 1.05 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02–1.09] in adults, and 1.09 (95% CI: 1.04–1.14) in the elderly in areas>60 vs. 60 vs.
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research

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Abstract AIM AND CLINICAL RATIONALE FOR STUDY: In Poland, it is widely believed that the outlook for ischaemic stroke patients is gradually improving due to the development of a network of stroke wards and other dedicated hospital units throughout the country. However, a study by Shah et al., reporting a significant increase in mortality from ischaemic stroke in several European countries including Poland, contradicts this belief. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for death in patients with recent ischaemic stroke among a population of patients from Western Pomerania, a region in n...
Source: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurol Neurochir Pol Source Type: research
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Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
Michel Mirowski and his colleagues gave the field of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) a pretty good start, but what's more impressive is how far the technology has advanced since that first human ICD implant in February 1980. In the past 40 years we've seen ICDs become dramatically smaller, longer lasting, more capable, more personalized, subcutaneous (non-transvenous), and even MRI-firendly. And that's not to mention the advanced data connectivity and monitoring capabilities that the latest technologies offer. So without further ado, let's take a look at the current ICD landscape and the companie...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Implants Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The present review reports the proceedings of the workshop jointly organised by the EFP and the World Heart Federation (WHF), which has updated the existing epidemiological evidence for significant associations between periodontitis and CVD, the mechanistic links and the impact of periodontal therapy on cardiovascular and surrogate outcomes. This review has also focused on the potential risk and complications of periodontal therapy in patients on anti thrombotic therapy and has made recommendations for dentists, physicians and for patients visiting both the dental and medical practices. PMID: 32011025 [Pu...
Source: Journal of Clinical Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: J Clin Periodontol Source Type: research
This study combines 2 nationwide studies. Demographic characteristics and medical history of participants were obtained from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2007 to 2012. Participants over 40 years old and who completed the questionnaire were included in the study. Indoor radon concentration was analyzed using the mean value of winter housing radon concentration from 2012 to 2016 published by the National Institute of Environmental Research. The average values of each metropolitan city and province were assigned to the residence of the participant. To eliminate the potential confoundi...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Abstract Several previous studies demonstrated the risk of stroke in asthma patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke in asthma patients, independent of age, sex, income, region of residence, and past medical histories. The Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service-National Sample Cohort from 2002 through 2013 was used. Overall, 111,364 asthma patients ≥ 20 years old were matched to 111,364 control participants for age, sex, income, region of residence, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. Asthma was classified using ICD-10 codes (J45 and J46) a...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Study Objectives:The role of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the overall outcome of ruptured intracranial aneurysms (RIAs) is unknown. We have investigated the role of OSA in overall outcome of RIAs.Methods:Data from 159 consecutive patients were retrospectively reviewed. A chi-square test and regression analysis were performed to determine the significant difference. A value ofP
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Hypertension is a major risk factor for ischaemic heart disease and stroke. Despite the availability of numerous pharmacological treatment options, blood pressure (BP) targets are often not achieved. The inability to reach BP levels below 140/90 mmHg despite the use of three or more antihypertensive drugs is defined as resistant hypertension (RH). The etiology for RH is multifactorial. First, BP should be appropriately measured. In order to improve BP control, lifestyle modification should be recommended, adherence should be carefully assessed to exclude pseudo-resistance, and efforts should be made to ex...
Source: The Netherlands Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Neth J Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the associations of pregnancy loss and risk of hypertension, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and hypercholesterolemia.
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Mother, Fetus, Neonate Source Type: research
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