Optoacoustic imaging.

[Optoacoustic imaging]. Radiologe. 2015 Oct 5; Authors: Fournelle M, Tretbar S Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Imaging modalities play an increasing role in today's medical diagnostics. Among them, ultrasound (US) is one the most widespread techniques although it has relatively poor soft tissue contrast. Furthermore, US is poorly suited as a modality for molecular imaging (MI). STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Methods such as Doppler and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) allow functional imaging of the vasculature; however, ultrasound-based MI remains limited to the vascular network due to the size of available contrast agents. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Optoacoustic imaging combines the benefits of optics (high contrast) with those of acoustics (low scattering and high resolution). In this technique, signals are generated in tissue with high contrast depending on the local optical absorption coefficient and detected with an acoustic procedure. PERFORMANCE: Optoacoustic imaging can intrinsically be scaled in terms of resolution and is therefore usable in various applications from in vitro microscopy, to preclinical small animal imaging up to clinical imaging. With a resolution in the range of clinical ultrasound systems (100-400 µm), highly scattering tissue can be imaged up to several centimeters in depth. ACHIEVEMENTS: In contrast to conventional ultrasound imaging, optoacoustic techniques are highly suitable for MI. Various con...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWomen with RA or BC differ substantially with respect to their subjectively assessed resources and body image when compared to women with no chronic diseases. Therefore, psychological counselling designed for females with RA or BC should be employed to help them restore the aspects altered by their respective illnesses.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
TIME held its first TIME 100 Health Summit on Thursday aiming to define — and shape — the future of health care. The Summit, which is an offshoot of the magazine’s annual TIME 100 list of influential people, featured scientists, politicians and entertainers, such as former President Bill Clinton, former Vice President Al Gore, NIH Director Dr. Francis Collins, actress Selma Blair, NBA commissioner Adam Silver, comedian Tig Notaro and former Planned Parenthood President Dr. Leana Wen. The day included a range of interviews, panels and performances. Here are the biggest moments from the Summit. Former Vice ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Comedy HealthSummit19 onetime Source Type: news
by Drew Rosielle (@drosielle)A Series of Observations on Opioids By a Palliative Doc Who Prescribes A Lot of Opioids But Also Has Questions.This is the 5th post in a series about opioids, with a focus on how my thinking about opioids has changed over the years. See also:Part 1 – Introduction, General Disclaimers, Hand-Wringing, and a Hand-Crafted Graph.Part 2 – We Were Wrong 20 years Ago, Our Current Response to the Opioid Crisis is Wrong, But We Should Still Be Helping Most of our Long-Term Patients Reduce Their Opioid DosesPart 3 – Opioids Have Ceiling Effects, High-Doses are Rarely Therapeutic, and Ano...
Source: Pallimed: A Hospice and Palliative Medicine Blog - Category: Palliative Care Tags: cancer opioids pain rosielle The profession Source Type: blogs
Authors: Gao G, Liang X, Ma W Abstract Sinomenine (Sino) is diffusely applied in heal rheumatoid arthritis and neuralgia. Howbeit, the activities of Sino in breast cancer cells remain confused. The research attempted to probe the anti-tumor function of Sino in breast cancer cells and divulge the feasible molecular mechanism. Sion at the 1-16 μM concentrations was exploited for the exposure of MDA-MB-231 or MCF7 cells, and cell growth, migration, invasion, cell cycle-relevant and apoptosis-correlative factors were estimated. Micro RNA (miR)-29 expression was evaluated via enforcing qRT-PCR, and the actions...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
Abstract Breast cancer is the most dominating malignancy in females worldwide. Treatment with conventional chemotherapeutics is associated with severe adverse effects. Thus need of new compounds, with better therapeutic potential and lesser side effects still exist. In this context the present study is planned to investigate therapeutic potential of anti-inflammatory compound N-(2- hydroxyphenyl) acetamide (NA-2) against breast cancer cells (MCF-7). The compound was selected on the basis of its reported anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and anti-glioblastoma activities in our previous studies. MTT, Annexin-V-FITC ...
Source: Toxicology in Vitro - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Toxicol In Vitro Source Type: research
Purpose: To evaluate the infection incidence in breast cancer patients whether they have a major autoimmune disease or not.Methods: This retrospective cohort study compared the infection incidence of 174 breast cancer patients with an autoimmune disease, including Sjogren's Syndrome (SS), Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), along with 4429 patients without an autoimmune disease, for the period 2000 to 2016. Six-hundred and ninety six, age-, stage-, and diagnosis era-matched patients without any autoimmune disease were analyzed to eliminate the effects of these confounding factors may have on ...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
ConclusionThe nettle is actually a plant with many qualities and uses. The interest in it is deserved and it is given by other studies and investigations.
Source: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Gulcin Tezcan1, Ekaterina V. Martynova1, Zarema E. Gilazieva1, Alan McIntyre2, Albert A. Rizvanov1 and Svetlana F. Khaiboullina1,3* 1Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia 2Centre for Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom 3Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Nevada, Reno, Reno, NV, United States Inflammation has a crucial role in protection against various pathogens. The inflammasome is an intracellular multiprotein signaling complex that is linked to pathogen sensing and...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Joseph D. Romano1,2,3,4 and Nicholas P. Tatonetti1,2,3,4* 1Department of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States 2Department of Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States 3Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States 4Data Science Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States The discovery of new pharmaceutical drugs is one of the preeminent tasks—scientifically, economically, and socially—in biomedical research. Advances in informatics and computational biology have increased productivity at many stag...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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