Transcranial focused ultrasound : Neurological applications of magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound.

CONCLUSION: This article describes the technical basis of transcranial focused ultrasound neurosurgery and summarizes the current clinical experience of this new class of image-guided, non-invasive interventions. PMID: 26438092 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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Conclusions: There are several ongoing efforts to use novel ablative therapies directed towards the brain. The recent development of techniques that allow for precise targeting, accurate delivery of thermal doses and real-time visualization of induced tissue damage during the procedure have resulted in novel techniques for cerebral ablation such as magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound or laser interstitial thermal therapy. However, older techniques such as radiofrequency thermal ablation or stereotactic radiosurgery still have a pivotal role in the management of a variety of neurological disorders. PMID: 315371...
Source: International Journal of Hyperthermia - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Int J Hyperthermia Source Type: research
Alcyone Lifesciences is a medical technology company based out of Lowell, MA, which specializes in central nervous system (CNS) drug delivery platforms for targeted infusions of the brain or spinal cord. Their Thecaflex DRx System was recently awarde...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Exclusive Neurology Neurosurgery Pain Management Psychiatry Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Mehmet Osman Akçakaya, Assel Saryyeva, Hans E. Heissler, Elvis J. Hermann, Joachim K. KraussAbstractOccurrence of gliomas in patients with chronic deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been reported few. It has been speculated whether there could be a causal relationship. Here, we report the development of a pilocytic astrocytoma in close vicinity of a DBS electrode during the course of chronic DBS. A 38-year-old man with refractory dystonic head tremor underwent bilateral implantation of quadripolar DBS electrodes in the t...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion The expression of the components of the PTN-MK-RPTPβ/ζ axis in immune cells and in inflammatory diseases suggests important roles for this axis in inflammation. Pleiotrophin has been recently identified as a limiting factor of metainflammation, a chronic pathological state that contributes to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Pleiotrophin also seems to potentiate acute neuroinflammation independently of the inflammatory stimulus while MK seems to play different -even opposite- roles in acute neuroinflammation depending on the stimulus. Which are the functions of MK and PTN in chronic neuroinfla...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
I don’t think it comes as a surprise to many that physical pain and mental pain often seem to be connected. I often hear from people with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder who also suffer from debilitating physical pain. And it’s not unusual, once their OCD is treated, for their physical symptoms to subside or even disappear completely. Sometimes the pain those with OCD experience is directly related to compulsions they perform. For example, some people with OCD are compelled to perform extensive rituals while showering, perhaps twisting and turning in particular ways for a specific amount of time. This migh...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Caregivers OCD Personal Phobia Avoidance Chronic Pain Compulsions Fibromyalgia Obsessions Rituals stiff joints Source Type: blogs
Scientists contend there is hope. Learn more about hundreds of new medicines currently being developed for brain tumors, Alzheimer ’s disease, chronic pain, MS, ALS, Parkinson’s disease, migraine and other neurological diseases.
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
Medical virtual reality goes entirely against conventional beliefs about technology making healthcare less human, less empathetic and less caring. Virtual reality teaches empathy to med students, makes vaccination for children more sufferable, helps get rid of fears by treating phobias, relieves chronic pain or fulfills the last wishes of the dying. The many faces of medical virtual reality Although the use of virtual reality in healthcare is not widespread yet, the technology holds great promise. Goldman Sachs estimated in its 2016 report that 8 million physicians and medical technicians could make use of augmented reali...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Virtual Reality in Medicine chronic pain empathy Healthcare pain management pediatrics psychology trauma vaccination VR Source Type: blogs
Authors: Potters JW, Klimek M Abstract This review summarizes the added value of local anesthetics in patients undergoing craniotomy for brain tumor resection, which is a procedure that is carried out frequently in neurosurgical practice. The procedure can be carried out under general anesthesia, sedation with local anesthesia or under local anesthesia only. Literature shows a large variation in the postoperative pain intensity ranging from no postoperative analgesia requirement in two-thirds of the patients up to a rate of 96% of the patients suffering from severe postoperative pain. The only identified causative ...
Source: Local and Regional Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Local Reg Anesth Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Cognitive impairment can affect daily functioning, quality of life, and capacity to work in patients with cancer and those in remission. Consequently, cognitive assessment is now an important and necessary part of a comprehensive oncological care plan. Cancer-related cognitive impairment might be due to the direct effects of the cancer itself, nonspecific factors, or comorbid conditions that are independent of the disease and/or due to the adverse effects of the treatment or combination of treatments given for the disease. The prevalence and extent of cognitive impairment associated with cancer is recognized but...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognition Current Issue Neuro oncology Neurology Review cancer chemotherapy cognitive impairment neuropsychological assessment treatment Source Type: research
It’s not uncommon for a child to complain of a headache. But what should a parent do? When should you worry? What are features that are cause for concern and should prompt a call to the pediatrician, or even a trip to the emergency room? For kids with headaches, do they necessarily need to take medication, or are there other nondrug treatments that may be just as effective? When to call your pediatrician The cardinal rule for thinking about headaches is “first or worst.” In practical terms, if your child has never had a headache before, you need to evaluate carefully. Did he have any recent head trauma, ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Headache Parenting Source Type: blogs
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