How Big Could a World Record Pumpkin Get?

This article originally appeared on Inverse. By Ben Guarino Thanks to the efforts of Illinois farmer Gene McMullen, the North American record for the heaviest pumpkin now sits at 2,145 pounds. McMullen's Cucurbita Maxima Brobdingnag is the second greatest pumpkin the world has ever known, trailing only Beni Meier of Switzerland's monster fruit, which tipped the scales at 2,378 pounds in 2014. The most remarkable thing about these overachieving gourds is that their size is not singular: The weight of the massive pumpkin growth has been linear over the past few decades according to an analysis by University of Wisconsin-Madison horticulturalists. So, when does it hit critical mass? How high peak pumpkin can go is unclear. Purdue University botanist Dan Egel flatly refused to speculate on a theoretical upper bound for a pumpkin, invoking the parable of the 4-minute mile barrier: It couldn't be broken, until Roger Bannister ran 3:59.4 in 1954. "It's going up and up and up," says James Nienhuis, the UW-Madison horticulture professor who tasked a student with tracking the historical pumpkin weights. "I am astounded at how large they can get." Danny Dill was willing to get more specific. "Growers will continue breeding for thickness, thus weight," Dill tells Inverse. "Something that grew to the size, say 2,500 pounds, could someday weigh 3,000 pounds because it was so thick and dense." Dill knows a thing or two about giant squash. His father,...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vision and vestibular-related deficits are common after concussion and are associated with prolonged recovery times, substantially impacting the quality of life for children. The utility of targeted vestibular rehabilitation for these deficits in children after concussion is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether active vestibular rehabilitation is associated with an improvement in visuovestibular signs and symptoms in children with concussion. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of children diagnosed with concussion and referred to vestibular rehabilita...
Source: Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: J Neurol Phys Ther Source Type: research
TUESDAY, June 19, 2018 -- Young athletes with a history of concussions may be at increased risk for leg injuries, preliminary research suggests. The study included boys and girls who played soccer at 52 U.S. high schools. Those who'd suffered a...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
(Southern Methodist University) A mild problem-solving task improves brain functioning after a concussion, according to a new study conducted at Southern Methodist University, Dallas. Currently there are many questions about rehabilitation and treatment options, with absolute rest often the go-to treatment. But the new study suggests that a simple cognitive task as early as four days after a brain injury activates the region that improves memory function, and may guard against developing depression or anxiety.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
CONTEXT:   Without a true criterion standard assessment, the sport-related concussion (SRC) diagnosis remains subjective. Inertial balance sensors have been proposed to improve acute SRC assessment, but few researchers have studied their clinical utility...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical utility of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-3 (SCAT3) in university athletes with concussion in the absence and presence of baseline data over time. METHODS: Athletes with concussion (n  = 23) and uninjured c...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study describes the demographics, aetiology, emergency centre diagnosis and severity indicators of patients with head injuries presenting to the largest referral hospital emergency centre in Botswana. Methods Cross-sectional retrospective data was collected from July 2015 to September 2015 for all emergency centre head injury presentations at Princess Marina Hospital. Information was extracted from emergency centre records regarding patient demographics, mechanism of injury, clinical observations, diagnosis, and treatment. Results Three-hundred and sixty head injury patients presented to the emergency centre in the th...
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
The proposal by English Premier League club doctors to tweak the substitution system in the interest of player health is spot on.
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
This study aimed to investigate the frequency of valid yet suboptimal Immediate Postconcussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) performance in university athletes and to explore the benefit of subsequent ImPACT administrations. Methods This descriptive laboratory study involved baseline administration of ImPACT to 769 university athletes per the institution’s concussion management protocol. Testing was proctored in groups of ≤2 participants. Participants who scored below the 16th percentile according to ImPACT normative data were readministered the ImPACT test up to two additional times because these scor...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The SCAT is a clinically useful tool for assessing concussion in the absence or presence of baseline data within the first 3-5 days post-injury. Clinical utility of the SCAT3 was driven by symptoms, which remains consistent in the SCAT5. Future research should explore whether additional cognitive elements in the SCAT5 improve utility beyond this timeframe. PMID: 29902070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
The objectives of our randomized open-label single-center study were to assess the feasibility of psychologist-led interventions in the context of the ER and to compare the effect of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) with reassurance and usual care. Conducted in the ER of Bordeaux University Hospital, the study included patients with a high risk of PCLS randomized in three groups: a 15-min reassurance session, a 60-min session of EMDR, and usual care. Main outcomes were the proportion of interventions that could be carried out and the prevalence of PCSL and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) three mon...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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