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How Big Could a World Record Pumpkin Get?

This article originally appeared on Inverse. By Ben Guarino Thanks to the efforts of Illinois farmer Gene McMullen, the North American record for the heaviest pumpkin now sits at 2,145 pounds. McMullen's Cucurbita Maxima Brobdingnag is the second greatest pumpkin the world has ever known, trailing only Beni Meier of Switzerland's monster fruit, which tipped the scales at 2,378 pounds in 2014. The most remarkable thing about these overachieving gourds is that their size is not singular: The weight of the massive pumpkin growth has been linear over the past few decades according to an analysis by University of Wisconsin-Madison horticulturalists. So, when does it hit critical mass? How high peak pumpkin can go is unclear. Purdue University botanist Dan Egel flatly refused to speculate on a theoretical upper bound for a pumpkin, invoking the parable of the 4-minute mile barrier: It couldn't be broken, until Roger Bannister ran 3:59.4 in 1954. "It's going up and up and up," says James Nienhuis, the UW-Madison horticulture professor who tasked a student with tracking the historical pumpkin weights. "I am astounded at how large they can get." Danny Dill was willing to get more specific. "Growers will continue breeding for thickness, thus weight," Dill tells Inverse. "Something that grew to the size, say 2,500 pounds, could someday weigh 3,000 pounds because it was so thick and dense." Dill knows a thing or two about giant squash. His father,...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

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In this study, rs-fMRI was used to evaluate whole-brain functional connectivity for seventy (70) university-level athletes, including 35 with acute concussion and 35 matched controls. Univariate analyses showed that greater symptom severity was mainly associated with lower pairwise connectivity in frontal, temporal and insular regions, along with higher connectivity in a sparser set of cerebellar regions. A novel multivariate approach also extracted two components that showed reliable covariation with symptom severity: (1) a network of frontal, temporal and insular regions where connectivity was negatively correlated with ...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Sensitive examination tools are needed to optimize evaluation after sport-related concussion (SRC). We preliminarily examined the Physical and Neurological Examination of Subtle Signs (PANESS) for sensitivity to motor changes in a pilot cohort of adolescen...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Reasons for Study: Sideline assessment tools are an important component of concussion evaluations. To date there has been little data evaluating the clinical utility of these tests in professional football. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cli...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news
The objective of this study was to investigate the degree of knowledge that sports chiropractors have in regard to concussion diagnosis and management. METHODS: A concussion knowledge survey was administered to Sport Chiropractic Fellow...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: TBI Source Type: news
The objectives of this...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: PCSs are common 2 years post-mTBI in childhood or adolescence. Given this, additional intervention and support is needed for families post-injury. PMID: 29446658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveTo determine aryl hydrocarbon interacting protein (AIP) gene variations andAIP and somatostatin receptor (SSTR) 1 –5 immunostaining in patients with apparently sporadic acromegaly with poor versus good response to somatostatin analogues (SRLs).MethodsA total of 94 patients (66 with poor and 28 with good response to SRLs) were screened for theAIP gene variations using Sanger sequencing. Immunostaining was performed in 60 tumors.ResultsSeveral variations, albeit some with undetermined significance, were detected, especially in poor responder patients. The prevalence ofAIP mutation was 2.1% in the whole...
Source: Pituitary - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Our aim was to examine the acute (within 72 hours of injury) and long-term (2 months post-injury) independent associations between objective dual-task gait balance and neurocognitive measurements among adolescents and young adults with a concussion and matched controls.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
With the aid of diffusion-tensor MR imaging (DTI-MRI), researchers from the...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Court rules that DTI-MRI scans are not 'junk science' DTI-MRI poses new cause for schizophrenia MRI shows concussion effects can linger in athletes MRI may predict cognitive impairment in fighters DTI-MRI sheds light on Parkinson's disease
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a blood test that...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: MR spectroscopy finds lingering concussion effects Kids with concussion usually normal on CT, MRI
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
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