Smog Linked to Organ Rejection, Deaths in Lung Transplant Patients
Title: Smog Linked to Organ Rejection, Deaths in Lung Transplant PatientsCategory: Health NewsCreated: 9/29/2015 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 9/29/2015 12:00:00 AM
Conclusion Several TISC-based immunotherapeutic approaches are under development in various stages of preclinical studies. As outlined in this review article, a careful and more exhaustive genetic and metabolic understanding of TISC-associated phenotypes is critical to develop novel TISC based immunotherapies. Various components within the tumor microenvironment such as tumor cells, infiltrating immune cells, and supporting stromal cells impact the TISC metabolism. This unique metabolic profile leads to upregulation of certain enzymes and proteins such as ALDH1, CEP55, IDO COA1 etc., which can be utilized for development ...
AbstractPrimary graft dysfunction (PGD) remains the leading cause of early mortality post-heart transplantation. Despite improvements in mechanical circulatory support and critical care measures, the rate of PGD remains significant. A recent consensus statement by the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) has formulated a definition for PGD. Five years on, we look at current concepts and future directions of PGD in the current era of transplantation.
Long-term survival after lung transplantation remains limited by the development of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD), which affects approximately 50% of lung recipients by 5 years post-transplant.1 Given the lack of a proven therapy once CLAD is diagnosed, risk factor mitigation is a key preventive strategy. The principal risk factor for CLAD is A-grade acute cellular rejection (ACR). A-grade ACR is diagnosed by transbronchial biopsy (TBB), exhibiting perivascular mononuclear cell infiltrates that extend into the interstitium with higher grade rejection.
A Nova Scotia woman has received a double lung transplant just months after she thought the financial burden of the procedure would force her into palliative care.
CONCLUSION: These new recommendations, close to French practices, help clinicians to find the right time for referral of patients to transplantation centers. This is crucial for the prognosis of lung transplantation. PMID: 31006579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Geng-Hong Xia1†, Chao You1,2†, Xu-Xuan Gao1, Xiu-Li Zeng1, Jia-Jia Zhu1, Kai-Yu Xu3, Chu-Hong Tan1, Ruo-Ting Xu1, Qi-Heng Wu1, Hong-Wei Zhou3, Yan He4*‡ and Jia Yin1*‡ 1Department of Neurology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Neurology, The First People's Hospital of Zunyi, Zunyi, China 3State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 4Microbiome Medicine Center, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical Univ...
Conclusions: Our results show worldwide efficacy of BM-MSCs in improving functional outcomes in pre-clinical animal models of stroke and support testing these cells in clinical trials in various ranges of time windows using different delivery routes. The continued growing number of publications showing functional benefit of BM-MSCs are now adding limited value to an oversaturated literature spanning 18 years. Researchers should focus on identifying definitive mechanisms on how BM-MSCs lead to benefit in stroke models. Introduction Ischemic stroke is the 5th leading cause of death and the leading cause of long term di...