Hyperglycemia and PPAR{gamma} Antagonistically Influence Macrophage Polarization and Infarct Healing After Ischemic Stroke Basic Sciences

Conclusions— Hyperglycemia and macrophage-specific PPAR activation exert opposing effects on MO/MP polarization in ischemic stroke lesions and, thereby, critically determine the risk of hemorrhagic infarct transformation.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Animal models of human disease, Coumarins, Other diabetes, Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Anticoagulants Basic Sciences Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Moyamoya accounts for a substantial number of stroke admissions in Kentucky; these patients were more likely to develop an ischemic stroke rather than a hemorrhagic stroke. Autoimmune disorders were more prevalent in moyamoya patients than in the general population. The reduced frequency of traditional stroke risk factors within the Appalachian group suggests an etiology distinct to the population.Cerebrovasc Dis
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent stroke and intracranial hemorrhage were determined to be more prevalent at 5 years after TIA or minor stroke in Japanese patients than in non-Japanese patients. Strategies to mitigate the long-term risks of stroke, aside from adherence to current guidelines, should take Japanese-patient-specific residual risks into account. PMID: 32938836 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
This study was a single center retrospective analysis of stroke patients treated with IVT. The Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment criteria were used to establish stroke etiology subtype at 3 months, while ESUS was considered a subset of stroke of undetermined etiology, defined according to 2014 international criteria. Functional outcome was assessed at 3 months and defined as excellent (modified Rankin scale 0-1) and favorable (modified Rankin scale 0-2). RESULTS: Total of 394 patients were treated with IVT; 113 had a cardioembolism, 88 had undetermined stroke subtype, of which ...
Source: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Wien Klin Wochenschr Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the impact of iron chelation with deferoxamine (DFX) on (1) cerebral vascularization patterns and (2) functional outcomes after stroke in control and diabetic rats. After 8  weeks of type 2 diabetes induced by a combination of high-fat diet and low-dose streptozotocin, male control and diabetic animals were subjected to thromboembolic middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and randomized to vehicle, DFX, or tPA/DFX and followed for 14 days with behavioral tests. Vas cular indices (vascular volume and surface area), neurovascular remodeling (AQP4 polarity), and microglia activation w...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides moderate-quality evidence showing that ET, compared with CMT, in people with recent symptomatic severe intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis probably does not prevent recurrent stroke and appears to carry an increased hazard. The impact of delayed ET intervention (more than three weeks after a qualifying event) is unclear and may warrant further study. PMID: 32789891 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
oi Hong This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD) by reviewing and discussing the role of the oral microbiome in periodontitis and CVD. This prospective cohort study used epidemiological data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study from 2004 to 2016. We selected 9973 patients with periodontitis and 125,304 controls (non-periodontitis) from 173,209 participants and analyzed their medical histories to determine the relationship between cerebral stroke/ischemic heart disease and periodontitis. The participants were questioned about any prev...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Ravindra K GargNeurology India 2020 68(3):560-572 COVID-19, in most patients, presents with mild flu-like illness. Elderly patients with comorbidities, like hypertension, diabetes, or lung and cardiac disease, are more likely to have severe disease and deaths. Neurological complications are frequently reported in severely or critically ill patients with comorbidities. In COVID-19, both central and peripheral nervous systems can be affected. The SARS-CoV-2 virus causes the disease COVID-19 and has the potential to invade the brain. The SARS-CoV-2 virus enters the brain either via a hematogenous route or olfactory system. A...
Source: Neurology India - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractCationic arginine-rich peptides represent a novel class of peptides being developed as neuroprotective agents for stroke and other acute and chronic neurological disorders. As a group, cationic arginine-rich peptides have a diverse range of other biological properties including the ability to traverse cell membranes, modulate immune responses, antagonise ion channel receptor function, as well as possessing cardioprotective, anti-nociceptive, anti-microbial and anti-cancer properties. A sound understanding of their safety profile is essential for the design of future clinical trials and for ensuring translational su...
Source: Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: A greater incidence of anterior circulation ischemic stroke, and recurrent strokes occur in patients with DM.
Source: Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractAimsThis meta-analysis was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban with warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and diabetes mellitus.MethodsPubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were systematically searched from the establishment of databases up to 15 October 2019. Studies on efficacy and safety outcomes of rivaroxaban and warfarin were included. Efficacy and safety outcomes, including stroke, ischemic stroke, stroke or systemic embolism, myocardial infarction, major adverse cardiac events, major bleeding, intracranial hemorrhage, and major gastrointestinal b...
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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