Osteomyelitis of the Mandible in an Adolescent

Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionChronic radiodermatitis and osteoradionecrosis in adults, occurring as late complications, are uncommon, but can be observed even nearly 80 years after radiation. Large defects of the skull require a complete reconstruction to avoid several complications.
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this study was to describe a series with 66 cases of infected cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) and to discuss the demographic distribution, clinicoradiographic features and treatment of this condition. A study looking back on the diagnoses made at a single Brazilian centre within a 28-year timeframe was performed. A literature review with searches across five databases was also conducted to identify reports on osteomyelitis/infected COD. Descriptive and statistical analyses were performed. The case series study showed a female/male ratio of 21:1. Affected individuals ’ mean age was 57.4 years. ...
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
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Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The current study demonstrated good results of the PRTS for unstable intra-articular fractures of the PIP joint. Furthermore, satisfactory results were obtained in cases of an incomplete amputation at the PIP joint, a pathological fracture due to bone tumor, and an osteochondral defect due to comminuted fracture of the proximal phalangeal head, where costal osteochondral bone was transplanted. From this study, the PRTS is recommended as a useful treatment because it is widely effective for various unstable fractures of the PIP joint. PMID: 30987517 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) Source Type: research
The objective of study was to evaluate a case series of patients in whom polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages were used for anterior column reconstruction in vertebral osteomyelitis. Fifteen patients underwent clinical and radiological evaluation with average follow-up of 26 months. Parameters assessed were time of surgery, blood loss, segmental kyphosis or lordosis angle, time to solid bony fusion, ambulatory status, and functional outcome. Mean time of surgery was 150 min with mean blood loss of 530 ml. One patient died in early postoperative period. All patients without preoperative neurologic deficit were walking unaided ...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Pamidronate might contribute to improvement in clinical and radiological disease activity in extended CNO, especially after one year of treatment. However, children with continuously active disease after two years of pamidronate treatment were seen. PMID: 30988129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: J Rheumatol Source Type: research
François Chassagne1†, Xinyi Huang1†, James T. Lyles1 and Cassandra L. Quave1,2* 1Center for the Study of Human Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States In the search for new therapeutic solutions to address an increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, secondary metabolites from plants have proven to be a rich source of antimicrobial compounds. Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to China, has been spread around the world as an ornamental tree. Its seeds have been used as snacks and medical mater...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Treatment of chronic osteomyelitis and infected non-unions revolves around four core principles: adequate debridement of infected bone and soft tissue, appropriate sampling for infection and targeted antibiotics, bony stabilization and soft-tissue coverage. Despite a specialist multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment, the management of chronic infection remains challenging. One of the central tenets of the surgical treatment of osteomyelitis is to ensure that the dead space left at the end of the surgery is appropriately managed.
Source: Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Infection Source Type: research
ConclusionsLong bone shaft fractures are not independently associated with increased risk for osteomyelitis. Major extremity surgery on the humerus and tibia/fibula, but not femur, are independent risk factors for osteomyelitis. However, the strongest risk factor is non-pseudomonas bacteremia.
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractTranscutaneous bone biopsy (TCB) is the gold standard for taking microbiological specimens in diabetic foot osteomyelitis (DFO), but this technique is not widely used in diabetic foot care centers. We aimed to evaluate the reliability of per-wound bone biopsy (PWB) cultures by comparing them with concomitant TCB cultures obtained through healthy skin. This is a prospective monocentric study including patients seen in consultation for clinical and radiological diabetic foot osteomyelitis with positive probe-bone tests between April 2015 and May 2018. Two bone biopsies were performed on each consenting patient: TCB t...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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